How to start rice farming in Nigeria

[Beginners Guide] How To Start Rice Farming In Nigeria

One of the most popular food crops among consumers of all ages is rice. Although rice farming has performed poorly, it is still one of the most opulent crops grown in Nigeria.

Rice farming in Nigeria involves the following steps: choose the right land, prepare the land for rice cultivation, choose the right rice specie, seed planting, fertilizer application, weeding, pest control, watering, and harvesting.

If ignorance has been holding you back from venturing into rice farming, now you are reading useful informative material that has all the information you need regarding rice farming.

[Beginners Guide] How To Start Rice Farming In Nigeria

Table of Contents

To start rice farming in Nigeria, below are the recommended steps to follow.

Step 1: Choose the Right Land

To start with, not all soil type is suitable for rice farming but a particular type of soil is required for rice farming. Because of this, it is best to select farmland where rice is traditionally grown.

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The soil in the selected site should be a mix of clayey, loamy, and occasionally swampy soils with a high capacity to retain water.

Step 2: Prepare the Land for Rice Cultivation

The land is being prepared for farming at this point. The land preparation is typically done in the dry season, in anticipation of the planting season which usually is at the rainy season. The land has to be cleared of all undesirable plants such as weeds and trees.

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A hoe, a tractor, or other tools can be used for tilling. This will facilitate proper seed planting and aid in weed prevention. You have to level the land so that it will help the seedling grow sturdier and reduces erosion.

Also, during this stage, ensure you add fertilizer and manure.

Step 3: Choose the Right Rice Specie

You will have a lot of options when choosing rice seed for farming. Don’t, however, choose inferior seeds that are not the best.

There are various rice seed varieties suitable for various ecologies, including lowland, upland, deep water, mangrove swamp, and others. Make sure you choose the improved variety because choosing high-quality seeds is essential for successful rice production.

Step 4: Seed Planting

Rice can be planted either directly into rice fields or first in nurseries before being transplanted to the fields.

Direct seed planting entails manually or mechanically dredging or broadcasting dry seed or pre-germinated seeds.

Transplanting involves the transfer of nursery-raised seedlings from the seedbed to the wet field. It is a good way to control weeds and uses less seed.

Step 5: Fertilizer Application

To maximize yield, a rice farmer must be aware of the proper fertilizer to use on their farm, the proper amount, and the ideal time to apply it to the field.

For expert advice, it is best to stop by any nearby agro store.

Step 6: Weeding and Pest control

The growth of the planted rice crops is threatened by weeds, pests, and viruses. You must therefore take all necessary steps to get rid of them.

You’ll do this by pulling weeds out by hand or using herbicides. While it is possible to use chemicals to ward off and manage pests like pathogens, termites, armyworms, insects, nematodes, rodents, birds, and more

Step 7: Watering

Rice farming requires sufficient watering because rice plants need a lot of water to thrive. As a result, you must keep the water level in the field at up to 5 cm one month after planting, until the grain matures.

Step 8: Harvesting

When the rice plant is matured, you will see the color of the rice change from green to light brown. Normally, this process takes place over 4 months. Your crop is now prepared for harvest; thus, this means.

Either manually or mechanically can be used to harvest. Cutting, stacking, handling, threshing, cleaning, and transportation are all steps in the harvesting process.

How Much Does It Cost To Start A Rice Farm In Nigeria?

In Nigeria, you will need between 200,000 and 2,000,000 Naira to start a rice plantation. This is what we think it will cost to start a large-scale rice farm in Nigeria.

How Many Sacks Of Rice Are In One Hectare In Nigeria?

Typically, a hectare of farmland yields 20 bags of rice. However, modern agricultural techniques allow you to produce roughly 50 bags of rice each hectare.

Is Rice Farming Profitable in Nigeria?

One of the most profitable enterprises that anyone can start and earn from is rice cultivation. This staple grain is in high demand and is always prepared daily for ceremonies, gatherings, and the home.

Rice farming is regarded as one of the attractive farm businesses in Nigeria because of the strong demand and rising rice consumption.

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How Many Bags Of Rice Do You Get Per Acre?

The type of farmland and farming techniques you use will determine the output you can achieve per acre. Normally, you should get about 15-20 bags per acre.

Can Rice Farming Make You Rich?

You can become rich from rice farming. But it depends on the type of farming you do and the quality of the harvest you get. Investments in rice fields are among the best since they can yield returns of up to 25%.

How Many Times Can You Plant Rice In A Year?

Rice can be grown once, or twice at most in a year. The number of times rice can be planted in a year depends on the climate condition of your farm area.

How Many Months Rice Can Be Harvested?

When the rice has reached full maturity, it can be harvested in 4 to 5 months. Depending on the rice variety, the growth from seedling to harvest stage can take 95 days to almost 250 days.

How Long Does It Take Rice To Grow In Nigeria?

It takes rice plants only four-five months to grow in Nigeria.

Which Agricultural Business Is Most Profitable In Nigeria?

In Nigeria, poultry farming is thought to be the most profitable type of agriculture. The reason is that poultry animals mature quickly, making it one of the best agricultural business opportunities to generate significant income in the shortest amount of time.

Can You Be A Millionaire From Farming?

Yes, you can be a millionaire from farming. However, it will take a while with hard work and diligence. Also, it means you have to go into large-scale farming producing large farm produces with high supply to the market.

Who Owns The Biggest Farm In Nigeria?

Abdullahi Adamu is the owner of Nagari Integrated Dairy Farm known to be the largest single integrated dairy farm in Nigeria and Africa at large. The farmland spans over a land area of 1,200 hectares and has 7,000 Holstein cattle.

How Do You Prepare Land For Rice Farming?

To get the rice field ready for planting, the land must be prepared. A properly prepared land for rice farming prevents weed growth, recycles plant nutrients, and offers both an appropriate soil surface for direct seeding as well as a soft soil mass for transplantation.

A wide range of techniques are used in land preparation, from zero-tillage or minimum tillage, which reduces soil disturbance, to completely “puddled” soil, which damages soil structure. The step normally entails three steps:

Leveling the field;

Harrowing to break up large dirt clods and incorporate plant residue; and

Plowing to “till” or dig up, mix, and overturn the soil.

Does Rice Need Lots Of Water To Grow?

Since rice is a semi-aquatic plant that needs regular irrigation to flourish, it is grown differently than other grains. Therefore, a lot of water is required to grow rice, with an average of 5.1 feet of water applied per growing season per acre of rice farm.

How Much Rice Do You Get From One Plant?

You can get between 70 and 100 rice grains per single rice plant.

What Farming Makes The Most Money?

Poultry farming generates the most income due to the constant high demand for poultry and its byproducts. In actuality, one of the industries with the fastest growth rates is chicken farming.

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How Can I Farm Millions In Nigeria?

Farming is a lucrative business that you can venture into because of the high demand for agricultural products, whether raw or processed. Many farmers are earning 6-figures from farming activities either as direct farming, becoming a processor, or investing in farming.

Which State Is The Best Farming In Nigeria?

Benue state in North central Nigeria is the best farming state in Nigeria. The farming activities are very high and the state is best known as the “Food Basket of the Nation”.

What Crop Is In Highest Demand?

The highest demanded crop is rice.

How Do I Start A Farm With No Money?

To start a farm with no money requires you to spend time researching different options, then determine the best farming venture for you. The next step is to find a location in which to start farming. Once you’ve chosen the right location, you can acquire the seedlings of the plant you intend to farm.

It is best to start small when you want to begin farming with no money. This will let you be able to carry out the whole activity yourself without having to pay laborers.

What Is The Best Farm To Start?

The best farm to start presently is a poultry farm, tree planting, herb gardening, and cattle rearing.

How Long Does It Take Rice To Grow In Nigeria?

It takes just four to five months for rice to grow in Nigeria.

How Much Is The Cost Of Rice Farming?

You will need a minimum of 200,000 Naira to start a small-scale rice farm. However, the amount can differ based on the size of the rice farm you wish to establish.

How Many Months Does It Take For Rice To Be Harvested?

Rice can be harvested in just four to five months when it reaches maturity.

How Do I Start A Rice Farm Business?

To start a rice farm business, you will have select and prepare rice cultivation, purchase quality rice specie, plant the seedlings, do fertilizer application, do weeding, and pest control, and harvest.

Rice Farming Business Plan Pdf Free Download

Rice farming business plan PDF free download can be gotten on the internet. There are different PDF materials with rich information that will help you in your rice farming venture. You can surf the internet and download the rice farming business plan PDF for free.

Rice Yield Per Hectare In Nigeria

Nigeria produce 15,545 of rice per hectare.

Rice Farm Plan And Budget

The Rice Farm Plan and Budget will help you manage your farm’s crops and finances to the fullest. You can prepare a business plan and as well collect quotes from different sources and choose the best price to get the best deal.

The information in the plan and budget is organized in an easy-to-read format, making it simple and informative to read and comprehend.

The essence of a rice farm plan and budget is to research prices, costs, and profits across many fields, regions, and crops.

Financial Plan For Rice Farming

A financial plan for rice farming should include market analysis and demand, supply and pricing; cost structures, cash flows, and profits. For example, it may include budgets for production and marketing costs, accounts receivable and inventory management, working capital requirements, and any other financial information needed to make informed decisions.

Objectives of Rice Farming

The objectives of rice farming are to:

Help you appreciate rice and the conditions in which it is grown;

Aid your understanding of the development of rice varieties and seed production;

Aid your recognition and application of key rice cultivation techniques.

Value Proposition Of Rice Farming

The value proposition of rice farming is aimed at providing material and end-market expertise, product and process solutions, and operational flexibility. Here are some particular illustrations of the value we offer:

Material Development: Recognize changing market demands and collaborate with suppliers of raw materials and final consumers to create niche product solutions that are tailored, valuable, and innovative.

Enhancement of Material: Increase the strength, flexibility, reactivity, bioavailability, and processability of materials, among other attributes, to improve performance and value.

Material Rejuvenation: Correct customer production errors so that customers can develop products with higher performance and more production difficulty.

Best Fertilizer For Rice In Nigeria

The best fertilizer for rice is ammonium sulfate, which primarily supplies extra nitrogen and sulfur to meet the rice plants’ nutritional needs.

How To Make Money In Rice Business

There is a variety of ways to make money from the rice business. You can make money as a rice farmer that produces raw rice; you can also be a rice processor; you can also sell rice products especially processed rice to consumers.


Rice farming is a lucrative agricultural venture. Even though it can take a lot of time, money, and experience, it can be a worthwhile business to invest in because of the high local demand.

Author: Adewebs

David is a seasoned farmer with over 8years experience on the field and teaching. He has about 20 acres of Palm farm, 10acres of livestock farm where he spent most of his time tending and caring for his farm. He offer profffesional services and consultancy services to clients who are interested in venturing into farming.

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