Piglets are the “young Pigs” and are raised for several purposes including meat, dairy, and as pet. Unfortunately, piglets are susceptible to a variety of diseases that can affect their health and well-being.
Some of the most common diseases in piglets include Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS), Swine Influenza, E. coli infections, Pseudorabies, Actinobacillosis, Salmonellosis, Colitis, Neonatal Diarrhea, Teat Sores, and Rotavirus.
In order to enlighten you about the common diseases that affect piglets, we have compiled the 10 common piglet diseases and how to treat them using medications, herbs, and vaccines including preventive and management tips.
10 Common Diseases In Piglets And How To Treat It
Piglets tend to suffer from different types of diseases. However, we have narrowed our discourse to 10 common catfish diseases. They are:
#1. Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS)
Category: Viral Disease
Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS) is a viral disease that affects pigs and can cause significant economic losses for you. It is also known as Blue Ear Disease or Pig Plague.
Read Also: 7 Common Respiratory Diseases In Pig
PRRS is caused by a virus belonging to the Arterivirus genus. It is highly contagious and spreads through contact with infected pigs or contaminated materials such as feed, water, or clothing. The virus can also be transmitted through the air and sexual contact.
Infected pigs may show a range of symptoms including decreased appetite, fever, respiratory distress, decreased fertility and reproductive problems in breeding animals. In severe cases, the virus can cause death, especially in younger pigs.
Read Also: 10 Common Diseases In Pigs And Treatment
There is no cure for PRRS, but treatment is aimed at reducing the severity of symptoms and limiting its spread.
Antiviral drugs such as interferon and porcine interferon omega can be used, but their effectiveness is limited.
In addition to drugs, herbs such as Andrographis paniculata and Epimedium sagittatum have been used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat PRRS in pigs.
These herbs can help to boost the immune system and reduce inflammation. To use these herbs, they can be added to feed or water, or given as a supplement in the form of a tincture or extract.
Read Also: 10 Common Catfish Diseases And How To Treat
Controlling PRRS requires a multi-faceted approach, including good biosecurity measures, vaccination, and monitoring for symptoms. It is also important to eliminate infected pigs and isolate infected herds to prevent the spread of the virus.
Vaccination is the most effective method of preventing PRRS. There are several different vaccines available, and a vaccine program should be tailored to the specific needs of each herd. In addition to vaccination, good biosecurity practices such as cleaning and disinfecting equipment and facilities, and limiting contact with other pigs can help to prevent the spread of the virus.
#2. Swine Influenza
Category: Viral Disease
Swine Influenza, also known as H1N1 flu, is an acute respiratory disease that affects pigs. It is caused by a highly contagious virus that spreads rapidly among pigs in crowded environments.
The virus can be transmitted through the air, contaminated feed, water, or by direct contact with infected animals.
Swine Influenza is caused by a virus that infects the respiratory tract of pigs. The virus can be passed from pig to pig through coughing, sneezing, or direct contact. The virus can also be spread through contaminated feed, water, or equipment.
Piglets infected with swine flu will experience respiratory symptoms such as coughing, sneezing, runny nose, and fever. In severe cases, pigs may develop pneumonia, which can be fatal. Additionally, infected pigs may show signs of reduced appetite, weight loss, and lethargy.
Antiviral drugs, such as oseltamivir and zanamivir, are often used to treat swine influenza in pigs. However, these drugs are not always effective and may not provide long-lasting protection.
In addition to drugs, herbal remedies such as garlic and ginger have been used to treat swine flu in pigs.
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These herbs have antiviral properties that can help reduce the severity of the infection and improve overall health.
To use garlic, it is recommended to crush fresh garlic cloves and mix with feed or water. For ginger, grind fresh ginger root and add to feed or water.
Both herbs should be given to infected pigs for several weeks for best results.
Vaccination is the best way to prevent swine flu in piglets. A vaccine can be given to young pigs to build immunity to the virus.
In addition to vaccination, good biosecurity measures should be taken to prevent the spread of the virus, such as separating infected pigs from healthy pigs, and regularly cleaning and disinfecting pig pens.
Swine Influenza can be controlled through proper biosecurity measures. Pigs should be kept in clean, well-ventilated environments and regularly disinfected to prevent the spread of the virus. Additionally, infected pigs should be isolated from healthy pigs to prevent the spread of the virus.
#3. E. coli infections
Category: Bacterial Disease
coli, or Escherichia coli, is a type of bacterium that is commonly found in the gut of warm-blooded animals, including pigs. Although most strains of E. coli are harmless, some can cause serious infections in both animals and humans.
In piglets, E. coli infections can lead to a range of health problems, including diarrhea, dehydration, and even death.
coli infections in piglets can be caused by a variety of factors, including:
Contaminated feed or water
Piglets can become infected with E. coli when they ingest contaminated feed or water. This can happen if the feed or water has been contaminated with manure or other sources of E. coli.
Poor sanitation practices, such as failure to properly clean and disinfect pens and equipment, can increase the risk of E. coli infection in piglets.
Close contact with infected animals
Piglets can also become infected with E. coli through close contact with other infected animals.
The symptoms of E. coli infections in piglets can vary depending on the strain of E. coli and the severity of the infection. Common symptoms include:
Piglets with E. coli infections often experience watery, bloody diarrhea.
Dehydration is a common complication of E. coli infections in piglets, as diarrhea can lead to fluid loss.
Loss of appetite
Piglets with E. coli infections may lose their appetite and stop eating.
Piglets with E. coli infections may appear listless and depressed.
coli infections in piglets can be treated using a combination of drugs and herbs. Some common drugs used to treat E. coli infections include antibiotics, such as penicillin and tetracycline, and anti-inflammatory drugs, such as flunixin meglumine.
Herbs, such as garlic, ginger, and turmeric, have also been used to treat E. coli infections in piglets.
These herbs have antimicrobial properties that can help to reduce the growth of E. coli and other harmful bacteria in the gut.
To use garlic as a treatment, it can be added to the piglets’ feed or water, or it can be made into a paste and applied directly to the piglets’ skin.
Ginger and turmeric can also be added to the piglets’ feed or water, or they can be made into a tea and given to the piglets to drink.
Control and Prevention
To control and prevent E. coli infections in piglets, it is important to practice good sanitation practices, such as regularly cleaning and disinfecting pens and equipment.
Additionally, providing clean, fresh water and feed can help to reduce the risk of infection.
Vaccination can also be used as a control and prevention measure for E. coli infections in piglets.
There are several vaccines available that can help to protect piglets against specific strains of E. coli.
Category: Viral Disease
Pseudorabies, also known as Aujeszky’s disease, is a viral disease that affects pigs. It is highly contagious and spreads rapidly among pig populations. This disease can cause severe health problems and even death in piglets.
The causative agent of pseudorabies is herpesvirus type 1 (PRV). The virus is easily spread from one infected animal to another through contact with bodily fluids such as saliva, nasal discharge, and urine. The virus can also be spread through contaminated feed and water.
The symptoms of pseudorabies in piglets include fever, loss of appetite, respiratory distress, and nervous system problems.
The nervous system problems may manifest as tremors, weakness, and paralysis. In severe cases, the piglet may die from the disease.
Treatment for pseudorabies in piglets involves the use of antiviral drugs such as valacyclovir. This drug works by preventing the replication of the virus.
In addition to drugs, herbs such as echinacea and goldenseal can also be used to boost the immune system and help fight the virus. Echinacea can be applied topically to the skin, while goldenseal can be taken orally.
Prevention and Control
To control the spread of pseudorabies, infected pigs should be quarantined and vaccinated against the virus.
In addition, it is important to practice good hygiene and sanitation to prevent the spread of the virus. This may include cleaning and disinfecting equipment and facilities regularly.
Prevention of pseudorabies can be achieved through vaccination. A vaccine is available that can provide protection against the virus.
This vaccine can be given to piglets at a young age to help prevent the spread of the disease.
It is important to note that vaccination alone may not prevent the disease, so proper hygiene and sanitation practices must also be followed.
Category: Bacterial Disease
Actinobacillosis is a bacterial infection caused by the bacterium Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae in piglets. The disease is also known as swine pleuropneumonia and is prevalent worldwide.
Actinobacillosis is mainly caused by poor living conditions and inadequate hygiene of piglets. Stress, poor ventilation, overcrowding, and contaminated feed and water can also contribute to the disease.
The primary symptom of actinobacillosis in piglets is a severe respiratory distress. Other symptoms include coughing, fever, rapid breathing, nasal discharge, and reduced appetite. In severe cases, the piglets may develop pleural effusion, which leads to difficulty in breathing and, in severe cases, death.
The treatment of actinobacillosis in piglets involves the use of antibiotics such as tetracycline, ampicillin, and oxytetracycline.
Herbal remedies such as garlic, ginger, and echinacea can also be used as an alternative to conventional drugs.
For example, garlic has been found to have antimicrobial properties and can be used as an antiviral and antibacterial agent in pigs.
Ginger can be used to treat respiratory diseases and to boost the immune system. Echinacea can be used to stimulate the immune system and to prevent infections.
The application method of antibiotics involves administering the drugs orally or intramuscularly.
Herbs can be added to the feed or given as a supplement. The dosage and duration of treatment depend on the severity of the infection and the weight of the piglets.
Prevention and Control
Actinobacillosis can be controlled and prevented by maintaining good living conditions, providing proper ventilation, reducing stress, and maintaining hygiene.
Feed and water should be free of contaminants and the pigs should be vaccinated to prevent the disease.
Category: Bacterial Disease
Salmonellosis is a bacterial infection that affects the digestive system of pigs. It is caused by the Salmonella bacteria and can spread quickly from pig to pig, contaminating the entire herd.
The bacteria is most commonly found in pig feed, water, and in the environment where pigs live. It can also be transmitted through direct contact with infected pigs or their feces.
Improper hygiene practices, such as not washing hands after handling infected pigs, can also lead to the spread of the bacteria.
Infected piglets may experience symptoms such as diarrhea, fever, dehydration, and weight loss. In severe cases, they may also suffer from abdominal pain and depression.
The symptoms usually appear within 2 to 5 days after exposure to the bacteria and can last for several days to a week.
Antibiotics, such as streptomycin, can be used to treat salmonellosis in piglets. However, the overuse of antibiotics can lead to the development of antibiotic-resistant strains of Salmonella.
Alternative treatments using herbs, such as ginger and garlic, have been shown to have antibacterial properties and can be used in conjunction with antibiotics to reduce the risk of resistance.
Antibiotics should be administered under the guidance of a veterinarian, as the appropriate dosage and duration of treatment will depend on the severity of the infection.
Herbs can be added to the pig’s feed or water, or can be administered topically. For example, crushed garlic can be added to the pig’s feed, or a ginger paste can be applied topically to the skin.
To control the spread of salmonellosis in pig herds, it is important to maintain good hygiene practices and to properly clean and disinfect the pigs’ living environment. Feed and water should also be regularly tested for the presence of Salmonella.
To prevent the occurrence of salmonellosis, it is important to practice good biosecurity measures, such as avoiding contact with infected pigs and regularly cleaning and disinfecting the pigs’ living environment.
Feed and water should also be sourced from reputable suppliers and regularly tested for the presence of Salmonella.
Category: Viral and Bacterial Disease
Colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease in pigs that causes diarrhea, abdominal pain, and weight loss. The causes of colitis can be bacterial, viral, or environmental in nature.
Colitis is an inflammatory disease of the colon that affects piglets. It is caused by a range of factors, including viral infections, bacteria, parasites, and dietary imbalances.
The most common cause of colitis in piglets is Escherichia coli (E. coli) infection, which is highly contagious and spreads rapidly in overcrowded or unsanitary conditions.
Symptoms of colitis in piglets include diarrhea, weight loss, abdominal pain, and dehydration. If left untreated, colitis can lead to serious complications, including death.
Treatment of colitis in piglets is usually done using drugs, such as antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs, and probiotics.
For example, antibiotics such as penicillin and tetracycline are often used to treat bacterial infections.
Anti-inflammatory drugs, such as flunixin meglumine, help to reduce inflammation and pain.
Probiotics, such as lactobacillus and bifidobacterium, are beneficial in restoring the normal balance of bacteria in the gut and improving gut health.
Herbs can also be used as a complementary therapy to treat colitis in piglets. For example, fennel, chamomile, and mint have antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory properties that help to relieve symptoms of colitis. They can be added to the feed or given as a tincture or tea.
Prevention and Control
Control and prevention of colitis in piglets are important in reducing the incidence and spread of the disease.
Sanitation and hygiene are critical in controlling colitis, as the disease is highly contagious and spreads easily in unsanitary conditions.
Good nutrition is also essential in maintaining a healthy gut and preventing the onset of colitis.
Feeding piglets a balanced diet, low in simple sugars and high in fiber, helps to maintain gut health and reduce the risk of colitis.
#8. Neonatal Diarrhea
Category: Viral Disease
Neonatal diarrhea is a common problem in young piglets, also known as scours. It is caused by a combination of factors such as bacterial infections, viruses, and dietary changes.
The diarrhea is a result of the piglet’s immature digestive system, which is unable to cope with the sudden influx of bacteria in their intestines.
The main causes of neonatal diarrhea in piglets are E. coli and Salmonella, which are present in the environment and can infect the piglets through their mother’s milk or their surroundings. Other causes include stress, dietary changes, and a lack of hygiene.
The symptoms of neonatal diarrhea in piglets include frequent watery stools, dehydration, weight loss, and weakness. In severe cases, piglets may also experience diarrhea with blood or mucus, abdominal pain, and lethargy.
Neonatal diarrhea in piglets can be treated using drugs, such as antibiotics and electrolyte solutions, or using herbal remedies.
Examples of drugs that can be used include metronidazole, neomycin, and tylosin. Examples of herbs include fennel, chamomile, and ginger, which can be given in the form of teas or extracts.
Drugs can be administered orally or intravenously, depending on the severity of the condition.
Herbs can be added to the piglets’ food or water or given as teas. It is important to seek the advice of a veterinarian to determine the appropriate treatment method.
Controlling neonatal diarrhea in piglets requires a combination of measures, including proper hygiene, vaccination, and diet management.
Keeping the piglets and their environment clean and free of bacteria is essential. Regular cleaning and disinfecting of the pigpen and feeding equipment can help prevent the spread of infections.
Preventing neonatal diarrhea in piglets requires careful attention to hygiene and diet management.
Providing the piglets with a balanced diet that includes adequate amounts of protein, fiber, and vitamins is crucial for their digestive health.
Additionally, vaccinating the sow against common infections can help prevent the spread of disease to the piglets.
Regular monitoring and timely treatment of any symptoms can help prevent the spread of neonatal diarrhea in the herd.
#9. Teat Sores
Category: Viral or Bacterial Disease
Teat sores are painful ulcerations on the teats of lactating sows caused by various factors, such as poor hygiene or improper milking techniques.
Teats sores, also known as nipple wounds, are common in young piglets and can be caused by several factors such as improper nursing techniques, rough handling, poor hygiene, or exposure to bacteria.
The continuous suckling and biting of piglets on the teats can cause damage to the skin and increase the risk of infection. In addition, incorrect positioning during nursing and poor quality of teats on sow can also contribute to the development of teat sores.
The symptoms of teat sores in piglets can vary from mild to severe, depending on the size and location of the wound.
Some common symptoms include redness, swelling, and discharge at the site of the wound, as well as reluctance of piglets to nurse or feed.
In severe cases, teat sores can lead to pain and lameness in piglets, making it difficult for them to walk or move around.
Teat sores in piglets can be treated using both drugs and herbs. Some common drugs used for treating teat sores include antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs, and pain relief medications.
Examples of antibiotics used include penicillin, tetracycline, and amoxicillin.
Herbs, such as aloe vera, calendula, and chamomile, can also be used to treat teat sores in piglets.
These herbs have anti-inflammatory and healing properties that can help to soothe and reduce the severity of teat sores.
Application methods include applying a small amount of the herb extract to the affected area, or soaking a cloth in the herb and applying it to the wound.
To control teat sores in piglets, it is important to maintain good hygiene and practice proper nursing techniques.
This includes washing hands before handling piglets, regularly cleaning the teats, and ensuring that piglets are positioned correctly during nursing.
It is also important to monitor the health of piglets and seek veterinary treatment if necessary.
Preventing teat sores in piglets involves several steps. This includes providing adequate nutrition to the sow to maintain the health of her teats, ensuring that the teats are not damaged during farrowing, and monitoring the nursing behavior of piglets.
It is also important to practice good hygiene and regularly clean and disinfect the piggery to reduce the risk of infection.
Category: Viral Disease
Rotavirus is a highly contagious viral infection in pigs that affects their intestines, causing severe diarrhea, dehydration, and vomiting.
Rotavirus is a highly contagious disease in piglets caused by a virus that affects the intestines. The virus is spread by the fecal-oral route through contaminated feed, water, or hands of those handling the piglets.
Piglets infected with rotavirus experience severe diarrhea, dehydration, vomiting, and abdominal pain. The piglets also show signs of poor appetite, low energy levels, and weight loss.
Antibiotics such as ampicillin and metronidazole can be used to treat rotavirus in piglets. These drugs help control the symptoms of the disease, but they do not kill the virus itself.
Herbs such as ginger, mint, and basil have anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic properties that help alleviate the symptoms of rotavirus in piglets.
To use these herbs, they can be made into a tea and added to the piglets’ feed or given as a supplement.
To prevent rotavirus in piglets, it is important to implement a vaccination program.
This involves administering a vaccine to piglets before they become infected with the virus.
In addition, piglets should be kept in a clean and sanitary environment to minimize the risk of exposure to the virus.
To control rotavirus in piglets, it is important to maintain good hygiene and sanitation practices in the pig pen.
This includes cleaning the pig pen regularly, keeping the feed and water free of contamination, and washing hands frequently when handling the piglets.
Pig Diseases in Humans
Pigs are known to carry several diseases that can be transmitted to humans, such as salmonellosis, campylobacteriosis, and swine flu.
These diseases are often spread through contaminated food or direct contact with infected pigs.
In some cases, the transmission can occur through the handling of infected pig manure or through the inhalation of airborne bacteria or viruses from the pigpen.
Disease Caused by Pigs
Swine dysentery, porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS), and African swine fever are some of the most common diseases caused by pigs.
These diseases can lead to serious health problems for the affected pig and can result in significant economic losses for farmers.
Viral Pig Diseases
Porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) and swine flu are two of the most common viral pig diseases. PED is caused by a virus that attacks the digestive system and causes severe diarrhea, while swine flu is a respiratory illness that can spread rapidly through pig populations.
Bacterial Diseases in Pigs
Bacterial diseases in pigs include salmonellosis, streptococcal infections, and actinobacillosis. These diseases can be caused by bacteria that are present in the environment or that are carried by other animals.
Common Swine Diseases and Treatment PPT
To treat common swine diseases, veterinarians often prescribe antibiotics, antiviral drugs, and other medications.
The choice of treatment depends on the type and severity of the disease, as well as the overall health of the affected pig.
In addition, vaccination is an effective method for preventing the spread of many common swine diseases.
Swine Diseases PDF
Swine diseases pdfs provide comprehensive information on various swine diseases, including their causes, symptoms, treatment, and prevention.
These pdfs are a useful resource for farmers, veterinarians, and others who are interested in learning more about swine diseases.
10 Common Swine Diseases in the Philippines
In the Philippines, some of the most common swine diseases include PED, swine flu, salmonellosis, and PRRS. Other common diseases include actinobacillosis, streptococcal infections, and African swine fever.
In conclusion, common diseases in piglets can cause serious health problems and economic losses for you. To prevent and treat these diseases, it is important to maintain good hygiene and sanitation practices in the pigpen, implement a vaccination program and seek veterinary care when necessary. By being aware of the most common swine diseases and taking appropriate measures to prevent and treat them, you can ensure the health and well-being of their pigs and protect their livelihoods.