Agriculture Facts In the US

25 Agriculture Facts In the US [All You Should Know]

Welcome to a world of agriculture! The United States of America is a country with a rich history of farming and agriculture. With vast lands, advanced technology, and dedicated farmers, the US has become a global leader in agricultural production.

Today, you will learn 25 fascinating facts about agriculture in the US, from the types of crops grown to the economic impact of the industry. Get ready to discover how agriculture shapes our world!

25 Agriculture Facts In the US

Table of Contents

As someone interested in agriculture, you may be curious to know more about the industry in the United States.

That is why we’ll explore 25 fascinating facts about agriculture in the US that are sure to expand your knowledge of this important industry.

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Fact 1: Agriculture Is The Largest Industry In The United States

Agriculture is the largest industry in the United States, contributing over $1 trillion to the economy annually.

This includes not only the value of crops and livestock produced, but also the businesses and industries that support agriculture, such as equipment manufacturers, transportation companies, and food processors.

Fact 2: Do You Know The Top Agricultural Commodities Produced In The US?

The top agricultural commodities produced in the US are corn, soybeans, cattle and calves, dairy products, and poultry and eggs.

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These commodities account for a significant portion of US agriculture, and are used for a variety of purposes, from feeding livestock to producing food for human consumption.

Fact 3: The US Is The World’s Largest Producer Of Corn And Soybeans.

The US is the world’s largest producer of corn and soybeans. These crops are major exports for the US, with China and other countries importing large quantities of these commodities.

Fact 4: California Is The Top Agricultural State In The US

California is the top agricultural state in the US, producing over $50 billion worth of agricultural products annually.

California is known for its diverse range of agricultural products, including fruits, vegetables, nuts, and dairy.

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Fact 5: The Average Age Of US Farmers Is 57 Years Old.

The average age of US farmers is 57 years old. This is a concern for the future of US agriculture, as many older farmers may retire without a younger generation to take over their farms.

Fact 6: The Number Of Farms In The US Has Been Declining Steadily Over The Past Few Decades

The number of farms in the US has been declining steadily over the past few decades, but the average size of farms has increased.

This is due in part to consolidation within the agriculture industry, as larger farms are often more economically viable than smaller ones.

Fact 7: The US government provides subsidies to farmers to help support agriculture.

The US government provides subsidies to farmers to help support agriculture. These subsidies can take many forms, such as direct payments to farmers or crop insurance programs.

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Fact 8: The Use of Pesticides and Fertilizers In Agriculture Has Increased Significantly In Recent Years.

The use of pesticides and fertilizers in agriculture has increased significantly in recent years. While these inputs can help increase crop yields, they can also have negative impacts on the environment and human health.

Fact 9: The US Exports a Significant Amount Of Agricultural Products

The US exports a significant amount of agricultural products, with China and Canada being the top destinations. Agricultural exports are an important source of income for US farmers, and help support the overall US economy.

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Fact 10: Agriculture Is Responsible For A Significant Amount Of Greenhouse Gas Emissions In The US.

Agriculture is responsible for a significant amount of greenhouse gas emissions in the US. These emissions come from a variety of sources, including livestock production, fertilizer use, and the use of fossil fuels in agriculture machinery and transportation.

Fact 11: The US Department Of Agriculture (USDA) Is Responsible For Regulating And Promoting Agriculture In The US.

The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) is responsible for regulating and promoting agriculture in the US. The USDA is a federal agency that oversees a wide range of programs related to agriculture, including research, education, conservation, and food safety.

Fact 12: The US Has A Diverse Range Of Agricultural Products

The US has a diverse range of agricultural products, including fruits, vegetables, grains, meat, dairy, and more. This diversity is due in part to the country’s vast geographic and climatic variations, which allow for different types of crops and livestock to be produced in different regions.

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Fact 13: The agricultural workforce in the US is diverse

The agricultural workforce in the US includes not only farmers, but also farm workers, processors, marketers, and others. Agriculture is a complex and multifaceted industry that requires many different types of labor and expertise.

Fact 14: Many US farmers use genetically modified crops

Majority of US farmers uses genetically modified crops. This is due to the fact that such crops have tendencies of high yield, pest and disease resistant among other benefits.

Fact 15: Organic Farming Is Becoming Increasingly Popular In The US

Organic farming is becoming increasingly popular in the US, with sales of organic products reaching over $50 billion annually.

Organic farming relies on natural methods of pest and disease control, and prohibits the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides.

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Fact 16: The Use Of Irrigation Is Critical To Many US Agricultural Operations.

The use of irrigation is critical to many US agricultural operations. Irrigation allows farmers to grow crops in regions that would otherwise be too dry or arid, and can also help to improve crop yields.

However, irrigation can also have negative impacts on water resources and the environment, particularly in areas where water is scarce.

Fact 17: Climate Change Is Expected to Have Significant Impacts On US Agriculture

Climate change is having an increasingly significant impact on US agriculture. Rising temperatures, changing precipitation patterns, and more frequent extreme weather events are all affecting crop yields, water availability, and other aspects of agriculture.

Farmers are exploring new techniques and technologies to adapt to these changes and mitigate their impacts.

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Fact 18: Livestock Production Is A Major Source Of Water Pollution In The US.

Livestock production generates a significant amount of waste, including manure and urine, which can contain high levels of nutrients and bacteria.

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When this waste is not properly managed, it can enter nearby waterways and cause a range of problems, including algal blooms, fish kills, and the degradation of aquatic ecosystems.

Fact 19: The Use of Cover Crops Is Becoming More Popular In The US

Instead of being planted for harvest, cover crops are cultivated primarily to improve soil health. They are typically planted in between cash crops, such as corn or soybeans, and can help to reduce erosion, improve soil fertility, and suppress weeds.

In recent years, the use of cover crops has become increasingly popular among US farmers, as they can offer a range of benefits for both the environment and the bottom line.

Cover crops can help to reduce the need for synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, which can improve soil health and reduce input costs.

They can also help to sequester carbon from the atmosphere, which can contribute to climate change mitigation.

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Fact 20: The use of Technology in Agricultural Activities in the US.

The use of technology in agriculture is rapidly increasing, with innovations such as precision agriculture, drone technology, and gene editing all playing a role in shaping the future of the industry.

These technologies can help farmers increase efficiency, reduce waste, and improve sustainability.

Fact 21: Agricultural Research And Development Is Critical To The Future Of US Agriculture.

Agriculture research and development is the process of investigating and creating new technologies, techniques, and practices that can help farmers increase yields, improve the quality of their crops, reduce their environmental impact, and meet the changing demands of consumers and the food system.

In the US, agricultural research and development is often conducted by government agencies, universities, and private companies.

This research can cover a wide range of topics, including crop genetics, soil health, pest management, and more.

The goal of this research is to improve the productivity, sustainability, and profitability of US agriculture, while also ensuring that the industry can continue to meet the needs of a growing population.

Fact 22: The US Has A Strong Tradition Of Family Farming

Family farming has a long history in the US, dating back to the country’s early agricultural roots.

Many farmers view their work as a way of life and a family tradition, with farming knowledge and practices often passed down through generations.

Fact 23: Agricultural Labor Is Often Done By Immigrant Workers

Immigrant workers have long played a significant role in agricultural labor. In fact, many of the crops grown in the US, including fruits and vegetables, are labor-intensive and require large numbers of workers to plant, cultivate, and harvest.

Despite the importance of immigrant labor in agriculture, these workers often face significant challenges and barriers.

Many are undocumented, which can make it difficult for them to access basic rights and protections such as healthcare, workers’ compensation, and legal representation.

They may also face discrimination, harassment, and exploitation by employers, who often hold significant power over their employment and immigration status.

Fact 24: The US Is One Of The Largest Producers Of Agricultural Products In The World.

In 2020, the country produced over $400 billion worth of agricultural products, including corn, soybeans, cattle, dairy products, and more. The US is also a major exporter of agricultural products, with exports totaling over $146 billion in 2020.

Fact 25: Agriculture Is An Important Part Of American Culture And History

From the country’s early days as a farming nation to its modern-day position as a leading producer of agricultural goods, agriculture has played a key role in shaping American society and identity.

Throughout American history, farming has been a way of life for millions of people, with many families passing down farming traditions and knowledge from generation to generation.

Agriculture has also been a source of innovation and entrepreneurship, with many farmers developing new technologies and practices to improve their productivity and profitability.

Importance of Farming in the US

  1. Food Security: Farming is crucial to ensuring food security in the US. Without the production of food domestically, the country would need to rely heavily on imports, leaving it vulnerable to disruptions in global trade.
  2. Economic Contribution: Agriculture is a major contributor to the US economy, providing jobs and generating billions of dollars in revenue each year. The industry also supports related industries, such as food processing and manufacturing.
  3. Environmental Stewardship: Farmers play an important role in protecting the environment by implementing sustainable practices that conserve natural resources and reduce pollution.
  4. Rural Development: Agriculture is a major employer in rural areas, providing a source of income and supporting local businesses and infrastructure.
  5. Cultural Significance: Farming has a deep cultural significance in the US, with many Americans valuing the connection to the land and the traditions of farming passed down through generations.
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Types of Farming in the US

  1. Crop Farming: This involves the cultivation of crops for food, fuel, or fiber. Common crops include corn, soybeans, wheat, and cotton.
  2. Livestock Farming: This involves raising animals for meat, dairy, or other products. Common livestock include cattle, hogs, poultry, and sheep.
  3. Aquaculture: This involves the farming of fish and shellfish for food, including salmon, tilapia, and shrimp.
  4. Specialty Farming: This involves the production of niche products, such as organic or heirloom vegetables, fruits, and nuts.
  5. Sustainable Farming: This involves the use of practices that protect the environment and conserve natural resources, such as crop rotation, cover cropping, and integrated pest management.

Benefits of Farming in the US

  1. Provides a steady supply of safe and affordable food.
  2. Supports rural economies and provides jobs.
  3. Contributes to the country’s food security.
  4. Supports related industries, such as food processing and manufacturing.
  5. Promotes environmental stewardship and conservation.

Challenges of Farming in the US

  1. Climate Change: Farmers must adapt to changing weather patterns and extreme weather events, such as droughts, floods, and hurricanes.
  2. Labor Shortages: Many farms struggle to find and retain skilled labor, particularly for seasonal work.
  3. Cost of Inputs: Inputs such as seed, fertilizer, and machinery can be expensive, cutting into profits.
  4. Competition from Imports: US farmers must compete with imported goods from countries with lower production costs.
  5. Access to Capital: Farmers often face challenges in accessing financing for equipment, land, and other resources.

Best Farming Practices in the US

  1. Crop Rotation: Rotating crops helps to maintain soil health and prevent the buildup of pests and diseases.
  2. Cover Cropping: Cover crops help to suppress weeds, improve soil health, and sequester carbon from the atmosphere.
  3. Integrated Pest Management: This involves the use of a range of pest control strategies, including biological control and the use of pheromone traps, to reduce reliance on synthetic pesticides.
  4. Precision Agriculture: This involves the use of technology, such as GPS and drones, to precisely manage inputs and optimize yields.
  5. Conservation Tillage: This involves minimizing soil disturbance to maintain soil health and reduce erosion.

Best Crops to Plant in the US

  1. Corn: This is the most commonly grown crop in the US, used for food, fuel, and animal feed.
  2. Soybeans: Soybeans are a major source of protein for both humans and livestock.
  3. Wheat: Wheat is used for a variety of food products, including bread, pasta, and cereal.
  4. Cotton: Cotton is used for clothing and other textile products.
  5. Vegetables: A wide variety of vegetables are grown in the US, including tomatoes, lettuce, potatoes, and carrots, among others. These crops are essential for a balanced and healthy diet.

The livestock you can raise in the US

  1. Cattle: Cattle are raised for meat and dairy products, with beef being one of the most popular meats in the US.
  2. Hogs: Hogs are also raised for meat and are commonly used in the production of bacon, ham, and sausage.
  3. Poultry: Chickens and turkeys are raised for meat and eggs, with chicken being the most consumed meat in the US.
  4. Sheep: Sheep are raised for meat and wool production, with lamb being a popular meat in certain regions of the country.
  5. Goats: Goats are raised for meat, milk, and cheese production, and are often used for brush control and land management.

10 Fun Facts About Agriculture

  1. Honey is the only food that includes all the substances necessary to sustain life, including enzymes, vitamins, minerals, and water.
  2. The world’s largest pumpkin was grown in 2016 and weighed over 2,600 pounds.
  3. The world’s largest dairy farm is located in Saudi Arabia and has over 100,000 cows.
  4. Cotton is the most common crop grown in the US, followed by corn and soybeans.
  5. The United States is the world’s largest producer of beef, soybeans, corn, and milk.
  6. The average American farmer feeds about 166 people worldwide.
  7. One acre of land can produce over 40,000 pounds of strawberries in a year.
  8. More than 80% of US farmland is family-owned.
  9. The first agriculture school in the US was founded in 1862 and is now known as the University of California, Davis.
  10. In the US, there are over 2 million farms, and the average size of a farm is 434 acres.

5 Facts About Farmers:

  1. The average age of farmers in the US is 58 years old.
  2. Over 90% of US farms are operated by individuals or family businesses.
  3. Farmers often work long hours, with many starting before dawn and working until after sunset.
  4. Farmers have to keep up with changing technology and weather conditions to be successful.
  5. Farming is a risky business, with unpredictable weather and market fluctuations affecting profits.

Agriculture in the United States Today

Agriculture is a vital industry in the US, contributing over $1 trillion to the country’s economy each year. The US is a global leader in agriculture, producing a wide range of crops, livestock, and dairy products.

Agriculture is practiced in all 50 states, with each region specializing in specific crops or livestock. While technology has made farming more efficient and productive, there are still challenges facing the industry, including climate change, changing consumer demands, and economic pressures.

How Many Farmers in the US 2022

According to the latest data from the USDA, there were approximately 2.1 million farms in the US in 2020, and over 3.4 million people were involved in the production of food and other agricultural products.

The number of farmers has been steadily declining over the past few decades due to consolidation, retiring farmers, and changing economic conditions.

Percentage Of Farmers in US Over Time

The percentage of the US population involved in agriculture has decreased significantly over time. In 1900, over 38% of the US population was involved in agriculture, while in 2020, less than 2% of the population was directly involved in farming.

This shift is due to technological advancements, consolidation, and a shift towards a more urbanized society.

US Agriculture Statistics

Here are some key statistics about agriculture in the US:

  • The US is the world’s largest producer of corn, soybeans, beef, and milk.
  • The top five agricultural states in the US are California, Iowa, Texas, Nebraska, and Minnesota.
  • Over 80% of US farmland is family-owned.
  • The average size of a US farm is 434 acres.
  • Agriculture contributes over $1 trillion to the US economy each year.


Hopefully, this article has given you a greater appreciation for the scope and importance of agriculture in the US. From the vast variety of crops grown to the millions of jobs supported, agriculture plays a vital role in both the economy and society. With these 25 facts in mind, you now have a better understanding of the fascinating world of US agriculture.

Author: David

David is a Kenyan farmer from the rural village of Nairobi. Growing up, he was surrounded by the beauty of the Kenyan countryside, which sparked his passion for farming. After completing his education, he decided to pursue a career in agriculture and has since dedicated his life to providing food for his local community. David is an experienced farmer and is experienced in a range of agricultural practices, including crop rotation, animal husbandry and soil management. He is passionate about promoting sustainable agriculture and is actively working to reduce food insecurity in his community.

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