25 Agriculture Facts In the UK [All You Should Know]

Farming has been a cornerstone of the UK’s economy and culture for centuries. Today, the country’s agriculture industry is diverse and innovative, with a wide range of crops, livestock, and products produced throughout the country.

The UK is also known for its agricultural heritage, including traditional practices and regional specialties. However, the industry faces challenges such as climate change, changing consumer demands, and economic pressures.

In this context, understanding the current state of agriculture in the UK is crucial. In this article, we will explore 25 facts about farming in the UK, providing insight into the industry’s current trends, challenges, and opportunities.

25 Farming Facts In UK

Table of Contents

Learning about the farming facts in the UK is a great way to get an insight into the country’s farming prowess. The United Kingdom is known for its farming activities which dates back hundreds of years ago.

So, we have compiled 25 farming facts in the UK that will interest you.

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Fact 1: Agriculture is a Vital Part of the UK’s Economy

Agriculture is a vital part of the UK’s economy, contributing £9.9 billion to the country’s GDP. The UK has a strong agricultural industry, with a significant contribution to the country’s economy.

In 2020, agriculture, forestry, and fishing together accounted for 0.6% of the UK’s GDP. Agriculture is particularly important for rural communities and provides employment opportunities for thousands of people.

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Fact 2: The UK Is Home to Around 217,000 Farms

The UK is home to around 217,000 farms, with an average size of 87 hectares. Agriculture is widespread throughout the UK, with farms located in every region.

These farms range in size from modest family-run businesses to huge commercial operations. The average size of a farm in the UK is 87 hectares, although this varies depending on the type of farming being carried out.

Fact 3: The Most Common Crops Grown In The UK Are Wheat, Barley, And Oilseed Rape

Arable farming is an important part of the UK’s agricultural industry, and the most common crops grown are wheat, barley, and oilseed rape.

Other crops grown in the UK include oats, potatoes, and sugar beet. The UK’s mild climate and fertile soils make it well-suited to arable farming.

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Fact 4: Livestock Farming Is Also Prominent in the UK

With dairy and sheep farming being the most common, livestock farming is a significant part of the UK’s agricultural industry, with dairy and sheep farming being the most common types.

The UK is home to around 10 million cows, producing over 14 billion liters of milk each year. The country is also home to around 20 million sheep, with lamb and mutton being important products.

Fact 5: The UK Is The Largest Producer Of Wool In Europe.

The UK has a long history of sheep farming and is the largest producer of wool in Europe. The country produces around 28,000 tonnes of wool each year, with the majority of this being exported to other countries.

The wool industry is an important part of the UK’s textile industry, with wool used in a variety of products such as clothing, carpets, and upholstery.

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Fact 6: The UK Is A Major Exporter Of Lamb, Beef, And Wheat

The UK is a net exporter of agricultural products, with exports exceeding imports. The country is a significant exporter of lamb, beef, and wheat.

In 2019, the UK exported around 301,000 tonnes of lamb, with France and Germany being the largest markets.

The UK is also a major exporter of beef, with the Netherlands and Ireland being the largest markets.

Wheat is another important export for the UK, with the country exporting around 2 million tonnes in 2019, mainly to the EU.

Fact 7: The Use Of Pesticides And Fertilizers In The UK Has Decreased Significantly In Recent Years.

The UK government has implemented policies to reduce the use of pesticides and fertilizers in agriculture, with the aim of improving environmental sustainability.

In 2018, the use of pesticides in the UK decreased by 18%, and the use of fertilizers decreased by 4% compared to the previous year.

This is partly due to the adoption of integrated pest management practices and the use of alternative methods such as crop rotation and cover crops.

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Fact 8: Organic Farming Accounts For Around 2% Of Total Farmland In The UK

Organic farming is a growing sector in the UK, with around 7,000 certified organic producers. Organic farming practices aim to reduce the use of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers, promote biodiversity, and improve soil health.

The UK government provides financial support for organic farming through the Countryside Stewardship scheme, which offers payments to farmers for implementing environmental measures on their land.

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Fact 9: The number of young farmers in the UK is increasing, with over 13,000 under the age of 35.

The farming industry has traditionally been seen as an aging profession, with many farmers retiring and few young people entering the sector.

However, in recent years there has been a growing interest among young people in agriculture.

The UK government has implemented initiatives to encourage more young people to enter the industry, such as the Young Farmers’ Clubs and the Future Farmers of Britain program.

Fact 10: The UK has a strong heritage of traditional farming practices

The UK has a long history of agriculture, with many traditional farming practices still being used today. Hedgerows are an important feature of the UK landscape, providing habitats for wildlife and serving as windbreaks for crops.

Another old-fashioned method for increasing soil fertility and lowering the risk of pests and diseases is crop rotation, which entails planting various crops one after the other.

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Fact 11: The Average Age of Farmers in the UK is 59.

The farming industry in the UK has an aging workforce, with many farmers nearing retirement age. This has led to concerns about the future of the industry and the need to attract more young people to the sector.

The UK government has implemented policies to support new entrants into farming, such as offering financial incentives for young farmers and providing training and education programs.

Fact 12: Agriculture Is The Largest Employer In Rural Areas Of The UK

Agriculture is the largest employer in rural areas of the UK, providing jobs for over 470,000 people.

In addition to farmers, other jobs in the industry include agricultural engineers, veterinarians, farm laborers, and crop consultants.

These jobs can provide a range of career opportunities for people living in rural areas.

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Fact 13: The UK Government has Set a Target to Achieve Net-zero Greenhouse Gas Emissions by 2050

The UK government has set a target to achieve net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, which will have implications for the agriculture industry.

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Farmers will need to adopt sustainable practices to reduce their carbon footprint, such as reducing fertilizer use and increasing the use of renewable energy sources.

Fact 14: The UK Has A Variety Of Regional Specialties

The UK has a variety of regional specialties, such as Cornish clotted cream and Scottish salmon.

These products are often protected under Geographical Indication (GI) schemes, which ensure that only products produced in a specific region using traditional methods can be sold under that name.

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Fact 15: The Use Of Technology In Farming Is Increasing

The use of technology in farming is increasing, with precision agriculture and robotics being adopted by some farmers.

Precision agriculture involves using data and technology to optimize crop yields and reduce waste, while robotics can be used for tasks such as planting and harvesting crops.

Fact 16: The UK Is Home to Several Research Institutes Focused on Agriculture

The UK is home to several research institutes focused on agriculture, such as Rothamsted Research and the James Hutton Institute.

These organizations conduct research on a range of topics, from crop breeding to soil management, and help to develop new agricultural practices and technologies.

Fact 17: The UK Government Provides Subsidies and Grants to Farmers through the Common Agricultural Policy.

The UK government provides subsidies and grants to farmers through the Common Agricultural Policy.

These payments are designed to support farmers and ensure the production of food in the EU, and they can be used for a range of activities such as environmental conservation and rural development.

However, Brexit has led to changes in the way that subsidies are provided in the UK, with the government introducing new schemes such as the Environmental Land Management scheme.

Fact 18: The UK Is A Member Of The European Union’s Agricultural Policy

The UK is a member of the European Union’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), which provides funding and support for farmers across the EU.

Through the CAP, farmers in the UK receive subsidies and grants to support their businesses, which can range from payments for maintaining wildlife habitats to assistance with infrastructure development.

The UK’s decision to leave the EU has raised questions about the future of these subsidies and how they will be replaced.

Fact 19: Climate change is having an impact on farming in the UK

Climate change is having an impact on farming in the UK. Extreme weather events such as floods and droughts are becoming more frequent, leading to crop damage and livestock losses.

Farmers are also experiencing changes in weather patterns that affect planting and harvesting schedules.

In response, farmers are adopting new techniques and technologies to mitigate the effects of climate change, such as implementing water conservation measures and using more heat-tolerant crop varieties.

Fact 20: The UK imports a significant amount of food

The UK imports a significant amount of food, particularly fruits and vegetables.

While the UK produces a wide variety of agricultural products, many fruits and vegetables are imported from countries such as Spain, the Netherlands, and South Africa.

The UK’s food import bill is influenced by a variety of factors, including seasonal demand, global market prices, and trade agreements.

Fact 21: The farming industry has faced challenges due to Brexit and changes to trade policies.

The farming industry has faced challenges due to Brexit and changes to trade policies.

The UK’s decision to leave the EU has led to uncertainty about the future of trade agreements and regulatory standards.

Farmers who export to the EU are concerned about tariffs and border checks, while those who rely on migrant labor are uncertain about future immigration policies.

The UK government has been working to negotiate new trade agreements and support the industry through the transition period.

Fact 22: The UK Has A Growing Agri-Tech Industry

The UK has a growing agri-tech industry, focused on developing innovative solutions for agriculture. The industry includes startups and established companies developing new technologies for crop monitoring, soil analysis, and livestock management.

Examples of UK agri-tech companies include Small Robot Company, which develops autonomous robots for precision farming, and LettUs Grow, which designs vertical farming systems.

The UK government has also provided funding for agri-tech research through programs such as the Agri-Tech Catalyst.

Fact 23: Urban Farming Is Becoming More Popular In The UK

Urban farming is becoming more popular in the UK, with rooftop gardens and community gardens being established in cities.

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Urban farms provide fresh produce for local communities and can also promote biodiversity and improve air quality.

Examples of urban farming projects in the UK include the Edible Bus Stop in London, which transformed a derelict bus stop into a community garden, and the Grapes Hill Community Garden in Norwich, which features raised beds and fruit trees.

Fact 24: The UK Has A Variety Of Farming Organizations And Associations

The UK has a variety of farming organizations and associations, such as the National Farmers’ Union (NFU) and the Soil Association.

The NFU represents farmers and growers in England and Wales and provides support and advice on issues such as trade, the environment, and animal welfare.

The Soil Association is a charity that promotes organic farming and sustainable food production.

Other farming organizations in the UK include the Scottish Association of Young Farmers Clubs and the Royal Highland and Agricultural Society of Scotland.

Fact 25: The COVID-19 Pandemic Has Had A Significant Impact On The Agriculture Industry

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on the agriculture industry, particularly in terms of labor shortages and supply chain disruptions.

The closure of restaurants and other hospitality businesses led to a decrease in demand for certain crops, such as potatoes and lettuce, while supermarkets experienced a surge in demand for staple foods.

Travel restrictions also made it difficult for seasonal workers to travel to the UK, leading to labor shortages on farms.

Despite these challenges, the farming industry in the UK has shown resilience and adaptability, with some farmers pivoting to online sales and direct-to-consumer models.

Importance of Farming in the UK

Farming has been an important part of the UK’s economy and way of life for centuries.

Today, the agricultural industry employs over 400,000 people and contributes over £9 billion to the UK economy each year.

The UK is also a significant exporter of agricultural products, particularly in areas such as whisky, salmon, and cheese.

In addition to economic benefits, farming also plays a vital role in providing food security and preserving the countryside and wildlife habitats.

Types of Farming in the UK

Farming in the UK can be broadly divided into four categories: arable farming, livestock farming, mixed farming, and horticulture.

Arable farming involves growing crops such as wheat, barley, and potatoes, while livestock farming includes raising animals such as cows, pigs, and sheep.

Mixed farming combines both arable and livestock farming, while horticulture focuses on growing fruits, vegetables, and ornamental plants.

Benefits of Farming in the UK

Farming provides numerous benefits to the UK, including the production of food and other agricultural products, job creation, and the maintenance of the countryside.

Farming also plays a vital role in addressing climate change, with farmers adopting practices such as carbon sequestration and reduced tillage to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Furtherrmore, farming supports biodiversity by providing habitats for wildlife and preserving traditional landscapes.

Challenges of Farming in the UK

Farming in the UK faces a number of challenges, including fluctuating markets, climate change, and changing consumer demands.

The UK’s exit from the EU has also raised concerns about the future of agricultural subsidies and trade agreements.

In addition, farmers must contend with pests and diseases that can damage crops and livestock, and ensure that their practices are sustainable and environmentally friendly.

Best Farming Practices in the UK

Best farming practices in the UK include the use of precision farming techniques, such as GPS mapping and variable rate fertilization, to increase efficiency and reduce waste.

Sustainable farming practices, such as the use of cover crops and reduced tillage, can also help to improve soil health and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

In addition, many farmers are turning to agroforestry, which involves planting trees and shrubs alongside crops and livestock, to improve biodiversity and carbon sequestration.

Best Crops to Plant in the UK

The best crops to plant in the UK vary depending on factors such as climate, soil type, and market demand.

However, some crops that are well-suited to the UK include wheat, barley, oats, potatoes, and sugar beet.

Fruits and vegetables such as apples, strawberries, raspberries, carrots, and cauliflower are also commonly grown in the UK.

Livestock you can raise in the UK

Livestock that can be raised in the UK include cows, pigs, sheep, chickens, and turkeys.

These animals are raised for meat, dairy, and egg production, and are often managed through rotational grazing systems to improve soil health and reduce environmental impact.

Moe so, some farmers in the UK raise specialty livestock breeds, such as rare-breed pigs and heritage sheep, for niche markets.

UK Agriculture Statistics 2022:

  • The UK government has set a target to increase agricultural productivity by 2% per year until 2024.
  • The country’s agricultural policy has shifted following its exit from the European Union, with new trade deals and subsidies affecting the industry.
  • The UK government has committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture by 25% by 2030.
  • Precision farming techniques, such as using drones and satellite imagery, are becoming more prevalent in the UK agriculture industry.
  • The UK’s food and farming industry is facing increasing pressure to address issues such as animal welfare, food waste, and sustainable farming practices.

Agriculture in the UK 2021:

  • The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the importance of domestic food production and food security in the UK.
  • The UK’s agriculture industry has faced challenges such as labor shortages, supply chain disruptions, and market uncertainty due to the pandemic.
  • Brexit has had a significant impact on the UK agriculture industry, with changes to trade deals and subsidies affecting farmers and food producers.
  • The UK government has announced plans to phase out direct payments to farmers and transition to a new system of “public money for public goods.”
  • Sustainable farming practices, such as agroforestry and regenerative agriculture, are gaining momentum in the UK agriculture industry.

Agriculture in the United Kingdom 2022:

  • The UK agriculture industry is facing a period of significant change, following its exit from the European Union and the introduction of new trade deals and subsidies.
  • The industry is also facing pressure to address issues such as climate change, animal welfare, and sustainable farming practices.
  • The UK government has announced plans to introduce new agricultural policies, including support for sustainable farming practices and investment in technology and research.
  • Precision farming techniques, such as precision planting and precision spraying, are becoming more common in the UK agriculture industry.
  • The UK’s food and farming industry is expected


These 25 farming facts provide a glimpse into the diverse and dynamic agriculture industry in the UK. From traditional practices to innovative technologies, UK farmers continue to adapt to changing demands and challenges. As the country looks to the future, it is clear that agriculture will continue to play a critical role in the economy and society.

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Author: David

David is a Kenyan farmer from the rural village of Nairobi. Growing up, he was surrounded by the beauty of the Kenyan countryside, which sparked his passion for farming. After completing his education, he decided to pursue a career in agriculture and has since dedicated his life to providing food for his local community. David is an experienced farmer and is experienced in a range of agricultural practices, including crop rotation, animal husbandry and soil management. He is passionate about promoting sustainable agriculture and is actively working to reduce food insecurity in his community.

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