A poultry farm is a lucrative agro venture but it is not without some setbacks, one of which is the diseases that affect poultry birds.
There are several diseases that affect poultry farms and one such common disease is Fowl cholera. This is a severe and deadly disease that if not treated can lead to the death of poultry animals.
Regardless of your location around the world, if you are raising poultry animals, it is important that you learn about this disease to gain foresight about the disease and how to prevent and manage it.
That is why we have compiled in this article all you need to know about fowl cholera in poultry and how to treat the disease using herbs and drugs, as well as preventve and control measures you will need to employ.
Fowl Cholera In Poultry And How To Treat With Herbs
Fowl Cholera, also known as Avian Cholera, is a highly contagious bacterial disease that affects poultry, especially chickens. It is caused by the bacterium Pasteurella multocida and spreads rapidly from bird to bird through contaminated feed, water, and equipment.
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The Causes of Fowl Cholera in Poultry Farms
Fowl cholera, also known as avian cholera, is an infectious disease that affects poultry birds, causing high morbidity and mortality rates.
This disease is caused by the bacterium Pasteurella multocida and can spread rapidly through a flock, leading to devastating losses for poultry farmers.
The bacterium can survive for long periods in the environment, and outbreaks can occur at any time of the year.
The primary cause of fowl cholera is the presence of the bacterium Pasteurella multocida in the environment or in other infected birds.
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This bacterium can be found in the oral cavities, nasal passages, and intestines of infected birds, as well as in their excretions, such as saliva, faeces, and nasal discharge.
The bacterium can also be found in contaminated feed and water, which can serve as a medium for the transmission of the disease to other birds.
Poor hygiene and sanitation practices, such as allowing contaminated feed and water to come into contact with healthy birds, can also contribute to the spread of the disease.
Another factor that can contribute to the spread of fowl cholera is the movement of infected birds from one location to another.
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This can occur when infected birds are transported to new farms or when they are introduced into a new flock.
The movement of contaminated equipment, such as feeders and drinkers, can also spread the disease.
Finally, stress can also play a role in the development of fowl cholera. Stress can weaken the immune system of birds, making them more susceptible to infection.
This can occur during times of environmental change, such as during transportation or when birds are subjected to changes in temperature, light, or feeding practices.
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Medium of Fowl Cholera Transmission in Poultry Farms
Fowl cholera can be transmitted through several different mediums in poultry farms, including contaminated feed and water, infected birds, and contaminated equipment.
Contaminated feed and water can serve as a medium for the transmission of the disease when infected birds excrete the bacterium into these sources.
This can occur when infected birds come into contact with feed and water troughs, or when contaminated feed and water is stored or distributed in a way that allows it to come into contact with healthy birds.
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Infected birds can also serve as a medium for the transmission of fowl cholera. This can occur when healthy birds come into contact with contaminated secretions from infected birds, such as saliva, faeces, or nasal discharge.
Additionally, the movement of infected birds from one location to another can spread the disease to new flocks.
Contaminated equipment can also serve as a medium for the transmission of fowl cholera. This can occur when equipment, such as feeders and drinkers, is contaminated with the bacterium and then comes into contact with healthy birds.
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In order to prevent the spread of the disease, it is important to clean and disinfect equipment regularly and to avoid sharing equipment between different flocks.
Signs and Symptoms of Fowl Cholera in Poultry Farms
The signs and symptoms of fowl cholera can vary depending on the severity of the infection and the age and health of the infected birds.
However, some common symptoms include:
- Rapid breathing and breathing difficulties
- Loss of appetite
- Decreased egg production
- Swelling of the head, neck, and eyes
- Bloody discharge from the mouth and nose
- Weakness and lethargy
Risk Factors of Fowl Cholera in Poultry Farms
Fowl cholera is a highly contagious bacterial disease that affects chickens, turkeys, and other domestic birds.
It is caused by the bacterium Pasteurella multocida and can cause significant losses in commercial poultry operations. The following are the main risk factors for fowl cholera in poultry farms:
Poor Biosecurity Measures
This includes the absence of proper quarantine procedures for new birds, poor sanitation practices, and the use of contaminated equipment, which can easily spread the disease from one bird to another.
Overcrowding in poultry farms provides a favorable environment for the rapid spread of the disease and exacerbates the risk of infection.
Birds that are subjected to stressful conditions, such as extreme temperatures or changes in diet, are more susceptible to fowl cholera.
Presence Of Carrier Birds
Some birds may carry the bacterium without showing any signs of the disease and can infect other birds.
Presence Of Wild Birds
Wild birds, such as pigeons and ducks, can act as carriers of the bacterium and spread the disease to domesticated birds.
Diagnosing and Confirming Fowl Cholera in Poultry Farms
Early detection of fowl cholera is critical to prevent its spread and reduce the impact on the poultry flock.
The following steps can be used to diagnose and confirm fowl cholera in poultry farms:
A veterinarian can identify symptoms of the disease by examining the birds and observing any signs of depression, loss of appetite, ruffled feathers, or difficulty breathing.
Blood cultures can be used to isolate and identify the bacterium in infected birds.
Samples of internal organs, such as the liver or spleen, can be collected and tested for the presence of the bacterium.
Serological tests, such as the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), can be used to detect the presence of antibodies to the bacterium in blood samples from infected birds.
Treating Fowl Cholera in Poultry Farms
Fowl cholera is a serious bacterial disease that affects poultry, causing high mortality rates and major economic losses for farmers.
It is caused by the bacterium Pasteurella multocida and spreads through contaminated feed, water, and the environment.
To treat fowl cholera in poultry farms, both drugs and herbs can be used. Drugs such as tetracycline and oxytetracycline are commonly used to treat bacterial infections, including fowl cholera. They work by stopping the growth of the bacterium and allowing the bird’s immune system to recover.
Herbs such as echinacea and goldenseal have also been used to treat fowl cholera in poultry farms. Echinacea is believed to stimulate the immune system and fight off infections, while goldenseal is a natural antiseptic that can help reduce the spread of the disease.
These herbs can be added to the bird’s feed or water, or made into a tincture for oral administration.
The application method for treating fowl cholera in poultry farms depends on the drug or herb used.
Drugs are typically administered orally, either through the feed or water, or directly into the bird’s mouth.
Herbs can be added to the feed or water, or made into a tincture for oral administration.
Prevention and Control of Fowl Cholera in Poultry Farms
Preventing and controlling fowl cholera in poultry farms is crucial. This can be achieved through proper sanitation and biosecurity measures, such as regularly cleaning and disinfecting the poultry house and equipment, and limiting the movement of birds and people in and out of the farm. It is also important to use good quality feed and water, and to avoid overcrowding the birds.
Vaccination is another effective means of preventing and controlling fowl cholera in poultry farms. A number of different vaccines are available, including live and killed vaccines, and they can provide protection against the disease.
Organic Treatment For Fowl Cholera
Organic treatment for fowl cholera involves the use of natural remedies, such as herbs and essential oils, to treat the disease and support the bird’s immune system.
Some of the most commonly used herbs for treating fowl cholera in poultry include echinacea, goldenseal, and garlic.
Echinacea is a powerful herb that helps stimulate the immune system, while goldenseal is a natural antiseptic that can help reduce the spread of the disease.
Garlic is also known for its antibacterial properties, and has been used for centuries to treat various ailments in animals, including fowl cholera.
These herbs can be added to the bird’s feed or water, or made into a tincture for oral administration.
Fowl Cholera Symptoms In Chickens
Fowl cholera symptoms in chickens can include swelling of the head, neck, and feet, difficulty breathing, and a decrease in egg production.
The birds may also experience a drop in their overall health and a decrease in their appetite. If left untreated, fowl cholera can lead to death in a matter of days.
Fowl Cholera Natural Treatment
In addition to the use of herbs, other natural treatments for fowl cholera in poultry include providing the birds with a balanced diet that includes high-quality proteins and vitamins, as well as guaranteeing their access to clean water and a healthy environment.
Proper sanitation and biosecurity measures, such as regularly cleaning and disinfecting the poultry house and equipment, and limiting the movement of birds and people in and out of the farm, are also important for preventing the spread of the disease.
Fowl cholera is a serious bacterial infection that affects poultry. The infection can be treated using herbal therapies. Natural herbs such as Echinacea, garlic, oregano, and ginger have been shown to have antimicrobial and antiviral effects. There are other treatment methods mentioned above that you can also use.