Onions commonly refers to as Sibuyas in Philippines is one of the most profitable vegetables to grown in Philippines. Also, it is one of the most consumed vegetables in the world.
So how do you start onion plantation in Philippines? We have prepared a step by guide on how you can go about that.
First to start farming onions in Philippines, you will need a good soil with neutral ph, raise a bed in your farm after clearing for transplanting, buy a good varieties of onion seeds, then learn the basic care your onions need to grow well.
So, let us get to the guide on how you can start onion cultivation in Philippines and all you need to now.
How to grow Onions In Philippines Step By Step Guide [Onion Production Guide]
Below are the easy to follow guide to start farming onion in Philippines;
Step 1: Prepare the soil and farm for planting
Apply a 30 cm layer of rice husk over the entire field one month before land preparation and burn for two weeks. During land preparation, incorporate charred rice hull.
Burned rice husk decreases the incidence of weeds and pathogens while also improving soil texture.
One month before transplanting, the land is prepared. Using a tractor-driven implement necessitates 1-2 plowing and harrowing procedures. Apply 10-15 tons of animal manure per acre prior to bed preparation. 1 m broad beds are recommended.
Step 2: Buying quality seed and Nursing it in Nursery
Because onion sets aren’t readily available at your local garden center, you can always grow onions from seed if you like. Slower to grow, yet they only take three months to mature into a plant. Sowing onion seeds involves the same steps each time:
Remove any weeds and rocks from the soil before planting.
Set the string in a straight line.
Make sure each hole is no deeper than 1 inch by digging 10 cm-diameter holes. Every row of onions should be at least 25 cm apart if you’re planting them in a row.
Cover up the holes and water.
You can also plant your onions using Set, so to plant onion using set do the following;
The first step is to separate the soft, little onion sets from the hard, larger ones. The bigger ones are the best to cultivate. ” The bad ones should be thrown in the trash.
You can use a trowel to remove any unwanted weeds from your garden.
Then, using a trowel, create 10 cm-wide holes in the ground along the string line you will make it make it an horizontal line. In general, 25 centimeters should separate each row. The holes should be around an inch in depth while drilling.
Onions should be planted with their green shoots slightly above the soil, pointing upward.
The holes should be filled in and watered.
Seed of Onions Needed to plant Per Hectare of farmland In Philippines
In order to cover a 1-ha area, 5 kg of seeds must be used.
Step 3: Transplanting your onions
In order to cover a 1-ha area, 5 kg of seeds must be used. Transplants for a hectare can be grown in a seedbed of 300-500 m2. Prepare one-meter-wide beds and include rice hulls and animal dung.
rows 7-10 cm apart across the bed are used for line sowing 3-5 kg seeds. Control damping off by dispersing seeds in a thin and equal layer. Compost and grass clippings can be used to mulch the seeds.
Maintain a sufficient amount of water in the soil. Avoid direct sunshine and rain on the seedbed by covering it with nylon net or detachable plastic tunnels. One week before transplanting, reduce watering and expose seedlings to full sunlight.
Step 4: Irrigate your onion farm
For constant, continuous, and optimum onion development, enough moisture is required. Four to seven days of irrigation may be required, depending on the type of soil.
Stop irrigation two to three weeks prior to harvest, or when twenty to thirty percent of the plant’s tips have collapsed. The final irrigation ought should be mild.
Step 5: Start Harvesting Your onions
Usually in space of 90 to 150 days your onion is matured and ready to be collected. When the tops begin to fold, it is time to harvest. Manually remove mature plants and bulbs from the soil.
Types Of Onion Specie In Philippines
The Philippines produces two varieties of bulb onion: the yellow onion and the red onion. Short day onions of the granex (flat) or grano (round) variety are the yellow kinds grown for the traditional market.
To counter this short shelf life, the red variants are cultivated. Red Creole and Red Pinoy strains are among the most commonly cultivated onion specie in Philippines.
Best Time To Grow Onions In Philippines
Usually the best time to grow onions anywhere in the Philippines is during October especially for the yellow onions and you can do red onions in the late January.
Can We Grow Onion In The Philippines?
Yes, onions can be grown and cultivated anywhere in Philippines provided you have adequate knowledge about this farming.
Onions Planting Season In Philippines
The best planting season for onions in Philippines is during October to December.
Farming onion requires lots of time and careful monitoring of your farm to avoid water logging and excessive exposure to water. We have given you the nitty gritty guide on how you can start onion farming in Philippines and all you need to know.
If there are additional information you require, please let us know via the comment section.