Goat farming is a profitable and rewarding agricultural venture that has gained popularity in Kenya in recent years. With a high demand for goat meat and milk, starting a goat farm can be a lucrative business opportunity for farmers and entrepreneurs alike.
However, like any other agricultural endeavor, starting a goat farm requires proper planning, research, and knowledge of the best practices to ensure success.
This article provides a comprehensive guide on how to start goat farming in Kenya, including the necessary steps to take, the equipment and resources needed, the best breeds to choose, and tips on how to care for your goats.
Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced farmer, this article will provide valuable insights on how to start and run a successful goat farm in Kenya.
How to Start Goat Farming Kenya Step By Step
Goat farming is an interesting venture that can be practiced by almost anyone. However, your passion for goat farming is a driving force. We have compiled the necessary steps involved in goat farming from beginning to the end.
Step 1: Select Ideal Location
First and foremost, it is essential to choose a suitable location for the goat farm. This location should be calm, quiet, and free from noise.
Also, the location should have adequate space for the goats to graze and roam around. The location should also have access to clean water, shade, and shelter.
More so, the location should have the necessary facilities such as a sufficient supply of clean and fresh water, a market near the farm, veterinary services, and good transportation facilities with the nearest town or market should be available.
Step 2: Select and Prepare Goat Housing
Housing is another essential factor in successful goat farming in Kenya. A suitable house should be built for the goats, which should be rain and damp proof, free from sharp objects or direct weed, pest and wild animals, and equipped with a proper ventilation system.
An adult goat requires approximately 0.5-0.75 square meters of space on average, and the house should be divided into two parts: one for resting or sleeping and another for feeding.
The sleeping area should be comfortable enough for the goats, with sufficient ventilation, soft bedding, and a wall with a door, while the feeding area should have a water trough, feed trough, slated floor, feed racks, and a rainproof mineral block pack area.
The sleeping and feeding places of the goats should have a sufficient flow of fresh air and light.
Step 3: Selecting Goat Breed
Once a suitable location has been chosen, selecting the appropriate breed of goats is crucial. There are many breeds of goats that are suitable for farming in Kenya based on the weather and climate conditions.
In Kenya, breeds like Boer, German Alpine, Toggenburg, Saanen, and Anglo Nubian have proven to be some of the most lucrative choices for goat farming, particularly for commercial purposes.
High-quality, fresh breeds should be purchased to ensure the success of the farming business.
Step 4: Feeding
Feeding the goats is critical to their production. Meat goats, for example, should be fed complementary food for fast growth and weight gain, while dairy goats require more green foods to produce the maximum amount of milk daily.
Sufficient roughage, such as Napier grass, and supplements should be provided to the goats. Protein supplements such as Calliandra leaves, cotton seed cake, Leucaena leaves, desmodium, fish-meal, dairy meal, and sweet potato vines should also be included in their food.
Clean and fresh water should be provided according to the goats’ daily demands.
Step 5: Goat Breeding
Goat breeding can be done naturally or artificially, with the former being the more popular method in Kenya.
The proportion of male and female goats for natural breeding is 1:25. This indicates that a single male goat is capable of breeding with 25 female goats.
Fresh and disease-free does and bucks should be used for breeding. The does should be mated two months after kidding, and a buck should be introduced to the does and left with them for 2-3 weeks.
The gestation period of goats is less than other animals, and they generally give birth to kids after 150 days of mating.
Step 6: Goat Management
Take good care of your goats by regularly monitoring their health, providing adequate veterinary care, and ensuring that they are kept clean.
Timely vaccination is essential to keep the goats free from diseases. Vaccinations can prevent highly contagious diseases such as PPR, goat pneumonia, tetanus, and scabby mouth disease.
Does should be vaccinated 2-3 weeks before kidding to prevent pulpy kidney and tetanus, while kids should be vaccinated at 5-6 months of age.
Vaccinations should be administered in a fresh and clean place with properly cleaned equipment.
Step 7: Market your Products
Once you have established your goat farming business, market your products to potential buyers. You can sell your products directly to consumers, restaurants, or local markets.
Benefit Of Starting A Goat Farm In Kenya
There are numerous benefits to starting a goat farm in Kenya. Firstly, goats are hardy and adaptable animals that can thrive in a wide range of environments, including arid and semi-arid areas.
Secondly, goats are prolific breeders, with a gestation period of only 5 months, and can give birth to up to 3 kids per pregnancy.
This means that you can quickly build up your herd and start generating income from the sale of milk, meat, and other goat products.
Additionally, goat farming requires relatively little space and resources compared to other types of livestock, making it an ideal choice for small-scale farmers.
Cost Of Starting A Goat Farm In Kenya
The cost of starting a goat farm in Kenya can vary depending on the size and scale of your operation.
However, some of the key expenses you can expect to incur include purchasing land or leasing it, constructing animal housing and fencing, purchasing goats, and buying feed and other supplies.
On average, the cost of starting a small-scale goat farm in Kenya can range from KES 50,000 to KES 200,000.
It is important to note that this cost may increase if you decide to invest in higher-quality breeds of goats or if you plan to scale up your operation in the future.
Projected Profit Of Goat Farming
Goat farming can be a profitable venture for small-scale farmers in Kenya.
The amount of profit you can make will depend on various factors such as the size of your herd, the demand for goat products in your area, and your ability to manage your operation efficiently.
In general, a well-managed goat farm can generate a net profit of KES 50,000 to KES 100,000 per year.
Some of the key income streams in goat farming include the sale of milk, meat, skins, and manure.
Additionally, goat farming is a low-risk investment, with minimal overhead costs and low mortality rates compared to other types of livestock.
Common Diseases And Pests Of Goat Farming Including Treatment
Goats are susceptible to a range of diseases and pests, which can impact their health and productivity.
Some common diseases affecting goats in Kenya include Foot and Mouth Disease, Peste des Petits Ruminants, and Caprine Arthritis and Encephalitis. Common pests include ticks, lice, and mites.
The best way to prevent these diseases and pests is to ensure that your goats have access to clean water and a balanced diet, and to maintain good hygiene practices in your animal housing.
Regular vaccinations and deworming can also help to keep your goats healthy. If you notice any signs of illness or infestation, it is important to seek veterinary advice as soon as possible.
How Much Is Goat Sold In Kenya
The price of goat meat in Kenya can vary depending on factors such as the location, breed, and age of the goat.
On average, a mature goat can sell for between KES 8,000 to KES 15,000, while a young goat can sell for between KES 4,000 to KES 7,000.
The price of goat milk can also vary depending on the location and demand, but on average, a liter of goat milk can sell for between KES 50 to KES 100.
Additionally, other goat products such as skins and manure can be sold for additional income.
Best Practices Of Goat Farming In Kenya
To ensure the success of your goat farming venture in Kenya, it is important to follow best practices in animal husbandry and management.
Some of these best practices include providing adequate shelter and space for your goats, ensuring that they have access to clean water and a balanced diet, and regularly deworming and vaccinating your herd.
It is also important to practice good hygiene in your animal housing and to maintain a clean and sanitary environment.
Additionally, it can be beneficial to seek training and advice from experienced goat farmers or veterinary professionals, to ensure that you are equipped with the knowledge and skills to manage your operation effectively.
Challenges Of Goat Farming In Kenya
While goat farming in Kenya has many benefits, there are also several challenges that farmers may face.
One of the biggest challenges is disease management, as goats are susceptible to various illnesses and infections that can spread quickly among a herd.
It is therefore important for farmers to implement good hygiene practices and have a veterinary professional available to monitor their herd’s health.
Another challenge is the availability and affordability of quality feed and water, especially during periods of drought.
Additionally, farmers may face challenges in finding reliable markets for their goat products, which can affect their profitability.
Where To Sell Goat In Kenya
There are several markets and channels available for goat farmers to sell their products in Kenya. One option is to sell directly to consumers at local markets or through online platforms.
Another option is to sell to middlemen or brokers who can connect farmers with larger markets or processors. Farmers can also approach meat processing companies or restaurants that specialize in goat meat to establish a long-term business relationship.
Furthermore, the Kenyan government has established several initiatives to support the goat farming industry and promote goat products, such as the National Agricultural and Livestock Extension Program (NALEP).
Industries that Demand Goat in Kenya
There is a growing demand for goat products in various industries in Kenya. One of the biggest industries is the meat sector, where goat meat is a popular choice among consumers due to its lean and flavorful qualities.
The leather industry also demands goat skins for the production of leather products such as shoes, bags, and jackets.
The dairy industry is another potential market, as goat milk is highly nutritious and can be used for various products such as cheese and yogurt.
More so, the demand for organic fertilizers and manure is increasing, making goat manure a valuable commodity for farmers and gardeners alike.
Zero Grazing Goat Farming Pdf
Zero grazing goat farming refers to a system of raising goats where they are kept in a confined space and their feed is brought to them rather than allowing them to graze freely.
This type of goat farming is popular in Kenya, especially in urban areas where space is limited.
Zero grazing has several advantages, including better control over the goats’ diet and health, improved milk yields, and easier manure collection for use as fertilizer.
To learn more about zero grazing goat farming in Kenya, you can find numerous PDF resources online that offer helpful tips and guidance on how to start and manage a successful zero-grazing operation.
Profitable Goat Farming PDF
Goat farming can be a profitable venture for small-scale farmers in Kenya, and there are several PDF resources available online that can help you maximize your profits.
These resources typically offer advice on key topics such as breed selection, feeding and nutrition, herd management, and marketing strategies.
They may also provide case studies of successful goat farming operations in Kenya and offer guidance on accessing financing and other resources to support your business.
By using these resources, you can gain the knowledge and skills you need to run a profitable and sustainable goat farming enterprise.
Disadvantages of Goat Farming
While goat farming has numerous benefits, it is not without its drawbacks. Some of the main disadvantages of goat farming include the potential for disease outbreaks, the need for regular veterinary care, and the high labor requirements for tasks such as feeding, milking, and cleaning.
More so, goats can be destructive to crops and vegetation, and their strong odor can be a nuisance to neighbors.
Finally, the market for goat products can be unpredictable, which can make it difficult to predict and manage cash flow.
Despite these challenges, however, goat farming remains a viable and attractive option for many small-scale farmers in Kenya.
Goat Farming For Meat
Goat meat is a popular source of protein in Kenya, and there is a growing demand for it both locally and internationally.
Starting a goat farming operation for meat production requires a focus on breeding and selecting the right type of goats.
The most common breeds used for meat production in Kenya are the Boer, Kalahari Red, and Savanna.
These breeds have been selectively bred for their meat production and are known for their fast growth rates and high-quality meat.
To be successful in goat farming for meat production, you need to have proper feeding and health management practices to ensure the goats grow healthy and reach the desired weight.
Goat keeping involves keeping goats as pets or for their byproducts, such as milk and manure. In Kenya, goat keeping is common in both urban and rural areas, with some households keeping a few goats for their daily needs.
This type of goat farming does not require a large investment or specialized knowledge, making it an ideal choice for those who want to start small.
However, proper care and management of goats are still essential to ensure their health and productivity.
Free Range Goat Farming
Free range goat farming involves allowing the goats to graze on natural vegetation and forage freely without being confined to a specific area.
This type of goat farming is suitable for areas with ample land and vegetation, as it reduces the cost of feed and allows the goats to get the required nutrients naturally.
It also requires less labor and infrastructure compared to intensive systems.
However, free-range goat farming requires proper management practices to prevent overgrazing and disease outbreaks.
Goat Farming In Uganda
Goat farming is also a viable option in Uganda, with a significant population of goats across the country. The most common breeds of goats reared in Uganda are the Boer, Kigezi, and Mubende.
In Uganda, goat farming is primarily for meat production, and there is a growing demand for goat meat locally and internationally.
The Ugandan government is also investing in programs to support small-scale goat farmers, providing training, and access to financing to boost the industry.
Goat farming in Kenya can be a profitable and sustainable business venture. Starting a successful goat farming enterprise requires proper planning, management, and investment. By selecting the right breed, providing proper nutrition and healthcare, and creating a market for your products, you can turn your goat farming business into a profitable venture.