[Best Guide] How to Start Farming In Kenya

To start a farming business in Kenya, what you need is a source of funds, information on the type of farming you’re going into, land to start your farm, and manual labor to start with.

Kenya’s economy thrives and relies majorly on agricultural activities. There are people ready to go into farming but needed information to get started.

To start a farming business in Kenya, what you will have to do is, get a starting capital, get a farmland area, decide the type of agriculture you want to venture into, get information on it, then you can start properly.

In this guide, we have provided you with the information you need to know and how to go about your Farming career in Kenya.

How To Start Farming Business In Kenya

Following are ways you can start farming in Kenya;

Step 1: Get starting capital

Businesses require money to expand, and regardless of the type of business, you will always need money to keep it operating. Either to purchase stocks, pay staff, repair the electrical system, or a multitude of other activities.

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The same applies to your farming. You will need money to purchase land, agricultural inputs such as seeds, and farm equipment, among other expenses.

You can obtain funding for your agricultural enterprise through grants, family assistance, personal savings, or bank loans.

In Kenya, you can start a farming business in any of the aforementioned ways.

Step 2: Select Farming Area of Interest

As previously stated, there are various types of farming, the most common of which are livestock farming and crop farming. You must determine your area of interest before beginning a farm.

This will play a crucial role in determining the information you require, how to proceed with your Farming guide, and more.

Types of Farming Business In Kenya

There are majorly two categories of farming they are Animal Husbandry and plant cultivation.

Animal Husbandry:

This entails rearing and raising all manner of animals including chickens, goats, cattle, fish, pigs, and many more.

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Plant Cultivation:

This simply involves planting and caring for plants of all types which includes, corn, millet, soybeans, palm fruit, cocoa, and many others.

Step 3: Research Your Selected Area

After you have raised funds and determined the type of farming you wish to engage in, you must select a location. The next step is to gather information about your desired location.

You may read books, watch YouTube videos, and visit farms in your area to gain practical experience in your chosen field.

Step 4: Buy Farmland

After you must have raised money for your Farming operations, and gotten the needed knowledge the following item is to procure a farm space where you may start your farm.

There are many factors to consider when contemplating the purchase of farmland. Check the soil’s quality and accessibility to major roads. Is it closer to the market for your product? And many others.

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Step 5: Clear The Farmland

The next thing on your business guide or plan when starting a farm is to clear the forested area of the farmland you just procure. this is majorly known as land preparation.

After you are done clearing, you make proceed to heap or make ridges on the farm and even raise houses for your animal if you are planning animal husbandry after you are done clearing the farmland.

Step 6: Start Planting

Next thing is to start planting your desired crop on your farmland or rear animal.

Types Of Farming You Can Start In Kenya

Tomatoes farming:

To begin a tomato farm, the following essentials must be in place:

To begin, you must have viable tomato seeds.

There are numerous tomato cultivars, that you may explore in your area.
Additionally, you must have a nursery for germinating tomato seeds.
Then, you must have fertile soil for transplanting tomato plants.
Lastly, you must have procedures for disease and pest preventative management.

Maize farming:

You can start maize farming which is also a profitable business you can venture into.

Other crops you can grow in Kenya include;

  • Beans
  • Cocoa
  • Palm
  • Millet
  • Cotton
  • And others
  • Livestock farming business to start in Kenya

Goat farming:

a goat farming business plan guide
a goat farming business plan guide

You can raise a goat for its meat and mil production, apart from these two, you can raise a goat for its skin and hide derivative.

Pig farming:

This is simply raising a swine for pork for human consumption.

Cattles farming:

You can raise a cow for its meat and milk production, apart from these two, you can raise a cow for its skin and hide derivative.

Fish farming:

How To Catfish Farming Business
How To Catfish Farming Business

In this category, it involves the raising of fishes ranging from catfish to tilapia and others for human consumption.

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Poultry farming:

Guide To Start poultry farm
Guide To Start poultry farm

This is the raising of birds such as Cockerel, pullet, broilers, and others for either their meat or eggs.

Ostrich Farming: 

You can venture into ostrich farm, this is sometimes not seen as poultry farming because Ostrich is reared separately themselves.

Snail Farming:

You may also venture into the rearing of snails either in small scale format or large scale format,

Bee Farming:

This is another farming area you can look into starting in Kenya.

How much do I need to start farming in Kenya?

To start a farming business in Kenya, you will need at least Ksh 3,000 to Ksh 25,000 on a medium scale or more than if you are going on a larger scale way.

Which is the most profitable farming in Kenya?

Following are the most profitable crops to grow in Kenya, following are the most demanded crops in Kenya, mushrooms, onions, passion fruit, strawberries, and pawpaw.

Can farming Make You Rich in Kenya?

Yes, farming can make you rich and even make you a millionaire in Kenya if you venture into it on a large scale way.

Is chicken farming profitable in Kenya?

Yes, the chicken or poultry business is one of the most profitable farming businesses to venture into in Kenya. This is due to the high demand for poultry products.

Which crops are in high demand in Kenya?

Following are the most demanded crops in Kenya, mushroom, onions, passion fruit, strawberries, and pawpaw.


Kenya is one of the African countries where farming is one of the predominant occupations, to learn how to start farming in Kenya has been discussed in a step-by-step guide here in this guide. If there is additional information you seek, you may drop a comment in the comment section below.

Author: Adewebs

David is a seasoned farmer with over 8years experience on the field and teaching. He has about 20 acres of Palm farm, 10acres of livestock farm where he spent most of his time tending and caring for his farm. He offer profffesional services and consultancy services to clients who are interested in venturing into farming.

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