How To Start Fish farming Business

How To Start Fish Farming In South Africa [Beginners Guide PDF]

Tilapia species are the most frequently bred fish in South Africa. This fish Is grown in a variety of ponds, including earthen ponds, plastic ponds, tarpaulin pools, and concrete ponds?

To begin a fish farming business in South Africa, what are the steps to take? Fish farming in SA requires good cash, the right farm site for the farm, and the ability to raise the fish successfully to get off the ground.

How To Start Fish Farming In South Africa

Step 1: To begin, decide what kind of pond you want to build.

The type of pond you’ll choose for your fish farm depends on the location you’ve chosen. Any of the varieties of fish ponds we will discuss below can be put to good use.

Read Also:  [Beginners Guide] How To Start Snail Farming In The UK

Types of Ponds

Earthen Pond

In swampy or riverine areas, an earthen pond is your best bet. If you live in a region that isn’t swampy, you may want to look into alternative pond options.

Tarpaulin is the least expensive option, however, plastic, concrete, and tarpaulin ponds can all be used.

Related Read: How To Start Farming Business In South Africa {Beginners Guide}

Tarpaulin Pond

Fishery ponds built out of tarpaulin, as the name suggests, are called Tarpaulin Ponds. Whereas hydroponic farming has a limited supply of land, aquaculture in tarpaulin ponds isn’t.

Plastic Pond

Plastic materials such as large basins, GP tanks, large rubbers, and many others are commonly used to build these ponds.

Concrete Pond

A concrete pond is one that has been constructed by stacking concrete blocks on top of one other.

Read Also: How to Start Bee Farming in South Africa [Practical Guide]

Step 2: Choosing the Right Size Farm Is the Next Step

After you’ve chosen your pond, you’ll want to think about the types of catfish you want to raise in it, such as fingerlings or giants.

Step 3: Pick a hatchery technique.

It is important to think about the type of hatchery that you intend to utilize while beginning your agricultural endeavors.

Step 4: Selecting a water source is the final step in the process.

Catfish farming relies heavily on the quality of the water, the amount of space available, and the quality of the feed. As a result, you must take steps to guarantee that the water you use for your fish is of high quality.

Read Also: How To Start Profitable Poultry Farm In South Africa [Step By Step Guide]

Your fish need micro and macronutrients in their water in order to thrive. Take it to a lab for testing if you want the best results. Based on the size of fish you intend to raise in a hatchery, you’ll be given a recommendation.

Read Also:  [Beginner’s Guide] How to Identify Dying Goat In Your Farm

Read Also: How To Start Pig Farming In Nigeria {Beginners Guide}

Step 5: Make your pond spacious

To develop properly, fish require a variety of different types of habitats. They need room to breathe, not a suffocating feeling. Fish may die and their growth may be hindered if it becomes clogged.

Step 6: Choose high-quality fish food.

One of the most critical components in the fish industry is the quality of the feed. Each size of feed has a set amount of protein needed for their growth, thus the size of the feed you give them has a big impact on their health. There are numerous feeds from which to choose.

Read Also: How to start catfish farming Business In Nigeria {Beginners Guide}

Step 7: Choice of feed for fries

Three days after hatching, your fish (fries) begin to feed. This is so that they can develop the necessary organs to feed themselves. For the next week, you’ll feed at a rate of 0.2mm per kilogram of body weight. Switch to a 0.3 mm needle.

This must be fed to them for a minimum of five weeks. They should be about 3-4 cm long at this point. It’s a 0.5 mm step change.

When you go to 1mm, they’ll consume 0.5mm for at least two weeks. By the time they reach a length of 5-6 cm, they should have been fed on 1mm for about two weeks and now should be on 2mm.

Cost Of Starting A Fish/Catfish Farming In South Africa

Starting a catfish business costs between 20,000 and 50,000 Rands, depending on the type you want to establish.

At least three ponds are required. A minimum of three ponds is required if you intend to raise table-sized fish, which range in weight from 700 g to 1 kilogram. This will make it easier to sort the fish as they grow.

Read Also:  Albon for Goats [All You Should Know]

Common disease on a fish farms in South Africa

Following are the common diseases that are mostly observed on the most fish farms:

  • Fungal Diseases of Fishes
  • Miscellaneous Diseases in Fishes
  • Bacterial Diseases of Fishes
  • Protozoan Diseases in Fishes
  • Parasitic Diseases in Fishes
  • Maladies in Fishes
  • Viral Diseases in Fishes.

How much does it cost to start a fish farm?

To start small-scale fish farming in South Africa will cost you not less than 10,000 and 15,000 Rands. If you are starting large-scale farming, you will need at least 30,000 to 50,000 Rands.

Is fish farming profitable in South Africa?

Yes, fish farming is profitable in South Africa.

What is the most profitable fish to farm in South Africa?

The most profitable and lucrative fish farming in South Africa is Tilapia fish and abalone (Haliotis midae) which accounted for more than 75 percent of all south African fish farming.

How much is tilapia per kilo in South Africa?

It cost less than one rand per kilo.

Is there a market for tilapia in South Africa?

There is no particular market for Tilapia fish in SA, however, you can sell your stocks at local markets and groceries.

What is tilapia called in South Africa?

Tilapia fish is commonly referred to as blue kurper in South Africa

How many months do you harvest tilapia?

You can harvest your tilapia fish any moment from 5 months and above.

How to start fish farming on a small scale

To start fish farming on a small scale, you need a tarpaulin pond or plastic pond in your backyard. Buy fries from local vendors, then find a source of clean water and you are good to go.

How to start fish farming at home?

To start fish farming at home, you need a tarpaulin pond or plastic pond in your backyard. Buy fries from local vendors, then find sources of clean water and you are good to go.

Small-scale fish farming?

To start fish farming on small scale, you need a tarpaulin pond or plastic pond in your backyard. Buy fries from local vendors, then find a source of clean water and you are good to go.

Fish farming training in South Africa

There are fish farming training you can take online by visiting

fish farming equipment in South Africa

The following are common equipment needed in a fish farm:

  • Ponds
  • Nets
  • Water source
  • Basins
  • Cacaban or Net
  • plastic containers
  • Spoon
  • saline water
  • towel
  • salt
  • ovulin

Demand for fish farming in South Africa

The demand for fish in south Africa at moment is on the high side based on recently published statistics.

Fish farming setup costs?

The setup cost for fish farming is around $200 to $500


So, that is all you need to start fish farming in South Africa, if there is additional information, you may need to drop a comment via the comment section.


Author: Adewebs

David is a seasoned farmer with over 8years experience on the field and teaching. He has about 20 acres of Palm farm, 10acres of livestock farm where he spent most of his time tending and caring for his farm. He offer profffesional services and consultancy services to clients who are interested in venturing into farming.

4 Replies to “How To Start Fish Farming In South Africa [Beginners Guide PDF]

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

error: Alert: Content selection is disabled!!