How To Start Profitable Poultry Farm In South Africa [Step By Step Guide]

South Africa is a nation that has to keep developing in terms of agricultural practices among the nation of Africa owing to the high demands for its agricultural products.

To the question, of how to start a profitable poultry farming business in South Africa? What you need to start poultry in SA is a knowledge base of poultry, a good farm location, capital for funding running expenditures, and availability of manual labor among others.

So, we will be taking you on the nitty-gritty of how you can start poultry farming in South Africa.

How To Start A Profitable Poultry Farm Business In South Africa

Table of Contents

Guide To Start poultry farm
Guide To Start poultry farm

We need to get one thing out of the way before we can get started on your journey into poultry farming. There are a number of different types of birds that can be kept in poultry farming, including:

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We need to get one thing out of the way before we can get started on your journey into poultry farming. There are a number of different types of birds that can be kept in poultry farming, including:


All of these chickens are bred with the sole purpose of producing eggs. The only goal of some farmers is to produce a huge or little quantities of eggs from this type of bird.

In South Africa, this is the most popular type of poultry farm.

Related Read: How To Start Fish Farming In South Africa {Beginners Guide PDF}

A layer bird’s advantages

Eggs are in high demand.

Egg demand and supply in South Africa were recently studied, and it was found that there are still substantial differences in the number of eggs being produced and the demand for eggs. Because of the high level of demand, there aren’t enough supplies available.

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As a result, if you are a farmer raising layers, you will never have poor sales since the quantity you produce is insufficient to meet the demand.

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You’ll be able to make a lot of money:

A lot of money can be made if you keep adding layers to your strategy. This is because some birds lay at least two eggs a day, which is beneficial to you as a farmer because it increases your yield. The cost of eggs is rising, but you won’t see a price spike like you would in other markets.

There is a relatively low mortality rate in layer farms:

All things equal, if you keep your poultry farm clean and feed your birds on a regular basis, this sort of farm has a lower death rate than other types of poultry.

Read Also: How To Start Farming Business In South Africa {Beginners Guide}

Reasons Not To Keep Layered Birds

How To Start Poultry Farming
How To Start Poultry Farming
Feeding difficulties:

To increase the productivity of your layers, you will need to feed them on a regular and adequate basis, which will have an impact on your operating costs.

High upkeep costs:

Farming layers necessitate a significant investment of time and money, especially for farmers who plan to raise more than 1,000 birds.


One of the many species of birds that are comparable to those found in the immediate area. This kind of bird is sturdy, inexpensive, and easy to care for.


Another sort of bird that is comparable to a layer bird is the noiler. All these animals have in common is that they are faster, nimbler, and more productive than their layered counterparts.


Broilers are primarily raised for the purpose of producing meat. They are bred and slaughtered for the purpose of being sold frozen in local supermarkets.


This is one of the biggest birds that is profitable to keep in South Africa


It is also common practice to raise pigeons only for the purpose of selling them to people who will either eat them or keep them as a pet. All of these chickens are bred with the sole purpose of producing eggs. The only goal of some farmers is to produce a huge or little quantities of eggs from this type of bird.

Beginners Guide On How to start poultry farming in South Africa

Step 1: The first step is to find a farm site that meets your needs.

When picking a location for your farm, you must take into account the availability of water, as well as the presence of natural predators such as cats, snakes, and foxes.

And if your birds are vulnerable to these predators, make sure you have devised traps and safety measures in place to keep them safe.

After this is taken into account, you will need to locate this farm far away from residential areas. Since some Asthma patients can choke on the odor of your poultry, it is important to keep your poultry in an area that isn’t too close to homes.

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Step 2: Provide your birds with a safe and comfortable place to live.

Make sure your hens are protected from bad weather, restricted movement, and the dangers of harmful items by building a decent cage or shelter.

Step 3: Purchase and maintain a supply of your chosen bird species.

Poultry Farming
Poultry Farming

Once you’ve got the housing ready, you can start sticking your poultry with the sorts of birds you wish to grow.

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The best advice is to avoid buying birds you don’t know much about.

Step 4: Determine which food is best for your birds.

When you’re raising birds, it’s important to make sure you’re feeding them the greatest possible diet.

Every bird has a specific diet and content formulation that is tailored to its breed.

Step 5: Your poultry has to be cared for and kept clean.

Maintaining sanitary conditions at both the farm and the surrounding area can help prevent the spread of disease in your poultry operation.

Step 6: Go to a veterinarian who is licensed to practice in your state.

Having a veterinary practitioner check on your birds on a regular basis at times specified by you can help keep mortality and illness spread at a minimum on your farm.

Prevention And Treatment Of Poultry Common Diseases

Avian Influenza

There is a respiratory disease that affects birds called avian influenza (AI). This virus can affect birds that including chickens, pigeons, and guinea pigs as well as other birds.

How it spread

  • Wild waterfowl are a common source of virus transmission.
  • The transnational unlawful migration of birds.
  • People and agriculture equipment move throughout the farm.
  • Animals and animal products that are illegally brought into the country.
  • Equipment that has come into contact with the virus, such as infected poultry (such as crates, manure, vehicles, and egg flats).
  • Direct bird-to-bird communication.

Symptoms of AI

  • Eggs with a weak or malformed shell, or eggs that don’t hatch at all, are all signs of an Avian Influenza.
  • Swollen combs, wattles, and legs were a common occurrence of these diseases.
  • There will appear to be a purple discoloration on the feathers and legs.
  • Running nose, coughing, and sneezing are all signs of  AI.
  • Diarrhea

Prevention of AI in Poultry

  • Chickens should be kept indoors as a precaution against the spread of AI.
  • Do not let kids play with the water features or bird feeders that belong to livestock.
  • Avoid purchasing live birds from bird markets.
  • There must be a constant effort to control pests such as cats, rodents, beetles, and insects.
  • Medical professionals should be consulted when death is uncommon.
  • Do not go too close to your animals when working in the slaughterhouse.
  • Use different pieces of equipment in different places whenever possible, and clean equipment that is shared or loaned before each use to avoid spreading germs.

Exotic Newcastle Disease

There is a virus known as Exotic Newcastle Disease (END) that can infect and kill any type of bird. This disease can spread quickly from chicken to chicken. There are many instances in which the END virus is so toxic that birds die without showing any signs of disease.

Chicken flocks that have not been vaccinated can experience a mortality rate of more than 100%, and even vaccinated birds can die from END. The END virus can spread through illegally imported birds since they are not quarantined and inspected by the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

How Birds contact it:

By getting into contact with virus-carrying materials such as footwear and clothing as well as equipment and vehicles.

Clinical Signs of END

  • Gasping for air, Sneezing, nasal discharge and coughing are all symptoms that can be present.
  • Greenish, watery diarrhea can also be observed.
  • Muscular tremors and depression are also common symptoms.
  • Drop-in egg production can range from partial to entire.
  • Contaminated flocks have significant mortality rates.

Preventing the END:

It is possible to limit the spread of END with effective immunization and biosecurity measures. It’s best not to handle birds that aren’t yours, such as those that are used for hunting or sold at live bird markets.

Pullorum-Typhoid Disease

These diseases are able to adapt to any fowl that they come into touch with, making them a threat to any poultry that they come into contact with. Turkeys, for example, are particularly vulnerable to this infection.

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For these birds, research has shown that serum testing is the most effective way to diagnose it. Chickens are particularly susceptible to the spread of pullorum-typhoid disease.

Both hens and roosters can carry the bacterium, as it can in humans, usually without showing any symptoms of infection. Pullorum-typhoid infection might show up as swelling in the joints of an adult bird.

How Birds Contact it:

Eggs are the primary mode of transmission for the disease, but infected birds’ digestive and respiratory secretions can also transmit it.


  • Swollen joints in mature birds
  • Extensive harm to a wide range of key organs

Preventing Disease on Your Poultry Farm: A Practical Guide

As quickly as possible, measures must be taken to prevent or stop the spread of disease in a poultry farm.

It is better to prevent disease in your flock as soon as possible than to wait until it is too late. There are a number of measures that can be taken to prevent the spread of the virus from one flock to another:

  • Sick birds should be kept apart from healthy birds.
  • Before permitting anyone or anything to come into contact with your flock, you should speak with a veterinarian.
  • Every time you come into contact with a sick bird or its environment, take a shower and disinfect your clothing and footwear; these precautions must be repeated each time (s).
  • A variety of other precautions can be taken to limit the danger of infection for your birds.
  • Consult your pet’s veterinarian.
  • A sick bird’s symptoms alone may not be sufficient to diagnose a specific disease, as many illnesses share similar signs. If your pet’s symptoms are ambiguous, you should seek the advice of a veterinary professional.

How much does it cost to start a poultry farm in South Africa?

To start a poultry farm in South Africa, will cost you roughly 15,000 rands for small-scale poultry and above 40,000 rands for large-scale poultry.

Is poultry farming profitable in South Africa?

Yes, poultry farming is one of the most profitable and lucrative farming in South Africa.

How much does it cost to raise 100 chickens in South Africa?

To raise 100 chickens, you will spend roughly 4,000 rands.

Is selling eggs profitable in South Africa?

Yes, egg selling is highly profitable in South Africa.

How much does chicken feed cost in South Africa?

Per kilo of chicken feed is sold for 6 rands. So, the number of kgs you need will determine the amount you will get it.

How much is a chick in South Africa?

A chick costs around 4 rands in South Africa.

Funding For Poultry Farming In South Africa

To secure funds for your poultry farm, you can opt-in for agricultural grants and loan schemes that are made available at the agricultural department of the country or the state you are in.

Requirements For Poultry Farming

to start poultry farming, you must do the following;

Vast knowledge of poultry farming

Good capital to start your business

Good farm location to site your farm

Good source of water supply

Poultry Farming Equipment In South Africa

following are the common equipment needed for poultry farming in South Africa;

  • cage
  • feeding can
  • water can
  • broader
  • lantern
  • sawdust
  • net
  • protective kit and many more.

Richest Poultry Farmer In South Africa

The richest poultry farmer in South Africa is Mbalentle Sipengane.

Is the poultry business profitable in South Africa?

Yes, a poultry business is lucrative and profitable in South Africa. Couple egg production, feces for fish feeding, and many more.

Is there a market for poultry farming in South Africa?

Yes, selling your poultry business is not a problem as you can sell to local consumers, and you can as well supply industries that will process finished goods in larges quantities.

How much does it cost to raise 100 chickens in South Africa?

To raise 100 chickens in SA, it will cost you around R850 to R950.

How To Register A Poultry Business In South Africa

To register your poultry business in South Africa, make a visit to the official website of daff at

How To Start A Small Poultry Business In South Africa?

So, to start poultry farming in South Africa, you need to choose the area of poultry you want to embark on, get farmland, construct your birdcage, and formulate a feeding policy for your birds, that is all you need to get started.

Funding For Poultry Business In South Africa

To fund your poultry business, you can get an agricultural loan from government agencies, seek a bank loan or raise friends from friends and associates.

How Much Does It Cost To Start A Poultry Business In South Africa

To start a poultry business In South Africa is estimated to cost roughly 30,000 to 50,000 rands.

Richest Poultry Farmer In South Africa

Mbalentle Sipengane is the richest poultry farmer in South Africa. He inherited the family poultry and now he has built more capacity on it to be the richest in the whole of South Africa.


Starting a poultry farm in South Africa is not a difficult task, we have taken into account all you need to start your own poultry farm in South Africa.

If there is other information you need to be clear about, you can drop a comment via the comment section.

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Author: Adewebs

David is a seasoned farmer with over 8years experience on the field and teaching. He has about 20 acres of Palm farm, 10acres of livestock farm where he spent most of his time tending and caring for his farm. He offer profffesional services and consultancy services to clients who are interested in venturing into farming.

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