[Beginners Guide] How To Start Goat Farm Business In Uganda - Agrolearner.com
How To Start a goat farming in Uganda

[Beginners Guide] How To Start Goat Farm Business In Uganda

A goat farming business in Uganda is one of the most common agricultural practices to venture into by most livestock farmers in this area.

To support this Farming area and the recent waves in the country, the country’s president releases a press statement to the protesting lecturers seeking an increase in salary to venture into goat farming as an alternative to white-collar jobs.

President Yoweri Museveni has directed that any lecturer who is not satisfied with the country’s payment structure can go into the goat farming business. As funny as this may be, it is an important area that should be commercialized and looked into for greater productivity.

Goat has just a 5-month gestational period, they can give birth twice a year, and it takes approximately 2 to 3 years for a kid to mature and start giving birth. This makes the goat farming business easy and profitable for anyone who ventures into it.

So, to start a goat farming business in Uganda, you will need startup capital, a business plan, a farm location, a pen for your goat, a good feeding formulation plan for your goats and engaging good practices to keep your farm healthy.

So, let us get to the game on how you can start goat farming business in Uganda with a step-by-step approach.

How To Start Goat Farm Business In Uganda [Beginners Guide]

How to start goat farming
How to start goat farming

Following are the steps you can follow to start a goat farming business in Uganda;

Step 1: Raise good startup capital

There is no business in the world that survives without money. The first thing you need to do to start a successful goat farming is to get a substantial amount of capital to begin your farm with.

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Read Also: How To Start Farming Business In Uganda With No Money [Step By Step]

How To Raise fund For Goat Farming In Uganda:

You can raise funds for your goat farming business in Uganda by doing any of the following;

Soft Loan From Banks:

You can approach commercial banks to seek a business loan, your loan will be fast-track if you have a good financial record with the banks and you have sustainable means to refund if your business did not eventually work out.

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Fund From Family:

You can seek financial support from your family which includes friends, business associates, religious associates, and many other close friends you have.

You can send a social media broadcast message to all of them, be sure some of them will come up for you and what you derive may be enough to start your goat farming business.

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Agricultural loans:

You can approach the agricultural department of your state to seek financial aid such as grants, loans, or another agricultural scheme available to enable you to start your goat farm.

Step 2: Locate a suitable farmland

The next step is to locate an area of land you start rearing your goat. While looking for a farm, ensure you site your farm away from where goats can break loose to destroy other people’s farms.

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Do not site your goat farm in an area that is full of toxic plants that may harm your goats.

Step 3: Fence the Farmland

The next step after securing your farm location to rear your goat is to fence the farm round. You can fence your farmland using barb wires, using concrete blocks, using logs of wood, and many other alternatives to block.

Step 4: Build pens for your goats

As a goat farmer, you need a place to keep your goats. The area should be appropriately walled off to protect it from vandalism and theft. At all times, the floor must be clean. Wet floors don’t sit well with goats, who want to keep their surroundings spotless.

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Step 5: Buy Quality Goats Breed

To be successful with your goat business, you need to scout for quality goat breeds. Ensure you have the profile of a doe before placing money to buy it. There are does who have a birth profile of just a kid and there are does that has a profile birth or more than 2 or 3 kids.

I am sure you will want to buy does who have a higher birth profile compared to one with a low profile.

Step 6: Hire Farm Workers

If you are considering establishing a goat business that is large in scale, it is appropriate to hire more hands to help on the farm.

Cleaning the goat farm, taking delivery of doe in labor time, feeding the goats, and many other activities may be stressful for just one farmer, so it is advisable to seek more hands.

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Step 7: Formulate Quality Feeding Plans For Your Goat

To buy goats and keep them on the farm is not what goat farming is all about. It entails the ability of the farmer to formulate good feeding habits for the goat so as to boost the productivity and performance of the goats.

The more quality your feeding plans are, the more resistant to diseases, agile, and productive your goats will be.

Step 8: Keep Clean Environment

A clean floor is an essential part of every workplace. To a goat, wet floors are unappealing since they are clean creatures.

By doing this, you are protecting your farm against critters and rodents that may harm your goats.

Step 9: Register Your farm With a Veterinary clinic

Maintaining a healthy goat farm necessitates regular vaccinations administered by a veterinarian.

Benefits of Starting A Goat Farming Business

Goat milk has global value and demand:

Goat milk is rich in important nutrients and has a lower lactose level than cow’s milk. Some of these are important diary needs that are recommended by physicians

Goats Fiber Are In High Demand:

Goats raised for fiber production are very common among goat breeders. Mohair, the fiber of goats, is highly prized and much sought after in the international market.

Goat Can Be Raise For Commercial Meat Production:

In addition to being delicious, healthful, nutritious, and easy to digest, goat meat is in high demand locally and internationally. Goat meat accounts for more than 60% of all red meat consumed worldwide.

Common Goat Diseases

  1. Contagious Caprine Pleuropneumonia (CCPP): CCPP is a highly contagious respiratory disease that affects goats, causing severe pneumonia and respiratory distress. Vaccination, quarantine measures, and good biosecurity practices are essential for controlling and preventing CCPP.
  2. Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR): PPR is a viral disease that affects goats and other small ruminants. It causes high fever, respiratory distress, and diarrhea, often leading to high mortality rates. Vaccination, strict quarantine, and prompt isolation of infected animals are crucial for PPR prevention and control.
  3. Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD): FMD is a highly contagious viral disease that affects cloven-hoofed animals, including goats. It causes fever, blisters, lameness, and reduced milk production. Strict biosecurity measures, vaccination, and quarantine procedures are necessary to prevent the introduction and spread of FMD.

Common Goat Pests

  1. Ticks and Mites: Ticks and mites are external parasites that can infest goats, causing irritation, skin lesions, anemia, and reduced productivity. Regular inspection, proper housing, and use of acaricides can help control tick and mite infestations.
  2. Flies: Flies are a common nuisance and can transmit diseases to goats. They can cause skin irritation, wounds, and discomfort. Proper sanitation, use of fly repellents, and fly control methods such as traps and insecticides are important for managing fly populations.
  3. Gastrointestinal Parasites (Worms): Gastrointestinal parasites, including roundworms and coccidia, can affect goat health and productivity. They can cause diarrhea, weight loss, anemia, and reduced growth rates. Regular deworming, pasture management, and maintaining good hygiene can help control gastrointestinal parasites.
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Prevention and Management Strategies

To effectively prevent and manage diseases and pests in goat farming in Uganda, consider the following strategies:

  1. Vaccination: Follow recommended vaccination schedules for common diseases like CCPP, PPR, and FMD. Consult with veterinarians or local animal health experts to ensure proper vaccination protocols are followed.
  2. Biosecurity Measures: Implement strict biosecurity measures to prevent the introduction and spread of diseases. This includes quarantine procedures for new animals, limiting farm access to outsiders, and proper hygiene practices.
  3. Sanitation and Hygiene: Maintain clean and hygienic housing conditions for goats. Regularly clean and disinfect housing structures, provide clean water and feed, and practice proper waste management.
  4. Regular Monitoring: Regularly monitor the health and behavior of goats. Promptly identify and isolate sick animals to prevent the spread of diseases within the herd.
  5. Parasite Control: Develop a deworming program in consultation with a veterinarian to manage gastrointestinal parasites. Rotate grazing areas and practice pasture management to reduce parasite load.

Goat farming in Uganda offers significant opportunities for farmers, but it is essential to be aware of the common diseases and pests that can affect goat health and productivity. By implementing preventive measures, such as vaccination, biosecurity protocols, and proper hygiene practices, goat farmers can safeguard their herds and ensure a successful and sustainable goat farming business.

What should I do if my goats show signs of illness?

If your goats exhibit signs of illness, such as decreased appetite, lethargy, or unusual behavior, it is important to isolate the sick animals and consult with a veterinarian for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.

Are there any natural remedies for managing goat pests?

While natural remedies like herbal preparations or essential oils may offer some benefits, it’s important to consult with a veterinarian for appropriate and effective pest management strategies to ensure the well-being of your goats.

How often should goats be dewormed?

The deworming frequency depends on factors such as the goat’s age, health status, and local parasite prevalence. A veterinarian can recommend a deworming schedule tailored to your specific farm conditions.

Can goats develop resistance to diseases over time?

Goats can develop some level of resistance or immunity to certain diseases through exposure or vaccination. However, it’s important to maintain proper vaccination protocols and biosecurity measures to minimize disease risks and maintain herd health.

Zero Grazing Goat Farming In Uganda

To set up a zero-grazing goat farm in Uganda, you will need startup capital, a business plan, farm location, a pen for your goat, and a good feeding formulation for your goats.

How Many Goats Per Acre In Uganda

It is recommended to place 20 goats per acre on a goat farm in Uganda.

The Richest And The Most Successful Goat Farmer In Uganda

Grace Bwogi is known to be the most successful goat farmer in Uganda. He quite his formal education to start a goat farming business, and today, he is the richest goat farmer in Uganda.

How do I start a goat farm in Uganda?

So, to start goat farming in Uganda, you will need startup capital, a business plan, a farm location, a pen for your goat, and a good feeding formulation for your goats.

How much does a goat cost in Uganda?

You can sell a goat for as much as 300,000 Uganda shillings if it is an improved breed. But local goats cost between 120,000 to 150,000 Uganda shillings.

How much does it cost to start goat farming In Uganda?

To start a goat farming business in Uganda, you should budget anything from 15 million to 20m Uganda shillings.

How do I start my own goat farm?

So, to start your own goat farming in Uganda, you will need startup capital, a business plan, a farm location, a pen for your goat, and a good feeding formulation for your goats.

Are goats profitable in Uganda?

Yes, the goat business is a profitable and lucrative business in Uganda.

What do goats feed on in Uganda?

Most goat farmers feed their goats with pastures, yam peelings, cassava peelings, vegetables, and eatable foods.


To become a successful goat farmer in Uganda, you need to be smart, a good observer, feed your flock of goats well, and care for them. Doing this will take you a step further on the ladder of success in the goat farming business.

If there is additional information you need, kindly drop a comment in the comment section.

Author: Adewebs

David is a seasoned farmer with over 8years experience on the field and teaching. He has about 20 acres of Palm farm, 10acres of livestock farm where he spent most of his time tending and caring for his farm. He offer profffesional services and consultancy services to clients who are interested in venturing into farming.

28 Replies to “[Beginners Guide] How To Start Goat Farm Business In Uganda

  1. The information is so helpful to a starter am really interested in starting and thank u so much for basics u have shared with us🙏

    1. It’s our pleasure this content is helping you out. You can get through to us via our official email address [email protected]
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    1. We are glad we’re of help to getting you started with your farming career. Kindly share our blog information with those that may need it, you can kindly follow us on Facebook @agrolearner.com

  2. Thanks for the information, i have already started and the project is moving on. For sure a technically person is important on farm.

    1. Starting a goat farming business in Tanzania, or any other region, will involve multiple cost components. These can include:

      Land: This can vary significantly depending on the location and size. Land in rural areas is usually less expensive than in urban areas. If you already have land, this cost will not be incurred.

      Housing and Fencing: Goats require a place to stay that will protect them from weather and predators. Fencing is also crucial to prevent them from wandering off. This can cost a few hundred to a few thousand dollars, depending on the size of your farm.

      Goats: The cost of the goats themselves can vary. A local breed can cost around 50,000 to 150,000 Tanzanian shillings (roughly $20 – $60 USD as of my knowledge cutoff in September 2021), while exotic breeds or purebreds can cost much more.

      Feed: Goats generally feed on grass, but additional feed may be required, especially in the dry season or for particular breeds. Depending on the size of your herd, this cost can vary.

      Veterinary care: Vaccinations, regular checkups, and emergency care can all add up. It’s crucial to account for these costs in your initial budget.

      Labor: If the farm is too large to handle on your own, you might need to hire workers. This will also add to your costs.

      Transportation: You will also need to consider the cost of transportation, for things like bringing in supplies or taking your goats to market.

      Licensing and permits: Depending on local regulations, you may need to secure certain licenses or permits to operate your farm. Check with local authorities to understand these costs.

      Other costs: These can include things like insurance, marketing, etc.

      Remember, the figures given here are estimates and the actual cost can vary greatly depending on a variety of factors. It’s recommended to do a detailed business plan and contact local agricultural departments, farmers, or agricultural consultants to get a more accurate estimate. It may also be worthwhile to start on a smaller scale to gain experience before expanding.

  3. Thanks for this information, it’s very educative to a person like me who wants to start. May you continue it’s good to go

  4. How much is a Mubende breed in Uganda, I do have one acre of land and I want to rear some goat’s, what number of goat’s can I start with and and where can I get the Mubende breed from. I wan to start small and maybe grow with time and I need your kind guidance.

    1. Starting small can requires you to have at least 5-10 she Mubende breed, you can easily source them from local markets, you can ask in the neighborhood where they’re being sold, but ensure you have the history of the goat you are buying to avoid buying goats with poor health and underlying conditions.

  5. You list the most suitable steps and you have really made it easy to plan.
    However, anyone with land can start even with 5 millions Uganda shillings

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