How To Grow Onions In Uganda- Obutungulu which is the common name for onions in Uganda, onions are one of the most demanded biennial crops. Farmers in Uganda engage in onions plantation in a small scale format, this leading to the shortage in supply compare to the demand for onion in Uganda and Africa continents as a whole.
In today’s guide, we will be giving you a step-by-step guide on how you can start an onions plantation in Uganda, what you need to do and how you can go about it.
How To Start Planting Onions In Uganda Step By Step Guide
To help you get started with growing onions in Uganda, here are a few pointers:
Step 1: The first step is to prepare the soil.
Many methods exist in Uganda for planting onions. Alternatively, you can plant them directly in the raised beds on the farm.
This tutorial will use the term “farm bed” instead of sacks.
Maintain a clean appearance in the fields.
Clean up your farm before you start anything else. Remove weeds, shrubs, roots, and other undesirable plants to make the farm look its best.
Set the grass on fire with them all in it.
Spray Herbicides on some of the Weed
Spray your cleared field with fungicides and herbicides following the fire. Systemic selective herbicides can be used to keep weeds at bay for at least three months on your farm.
Next, prepare a bed for your onions.
So that your onions can develop throughout the dry season, you need to make low-lying ridges.
Keeping the beds short and close to the ground will ensure that seeds have access to the water they need to germinate.
Add manure or feces from chickens to the prepared bed
Onion beds need to be fertilized with manure after they’ve been prepared with soil amendments.
It’s possible to use organic fertilizer in place of conventional fertilizer if you don’t have the money for it.
Find a chicken in your neighborhood and collect its droppings at least two weeks prior to planting.
Step2: Invest in Top-Notch Onion Seeds.
Before planting onions, the land and farm must be prepared. To do so, follow these steps:.
Local farmers’ markets sell hybrid onion seeds.
Take the shavings from a furniture store or a company like Sawmail, which your neighbors nickname “sawdust.”
Having dried bird feces on hand is necessary, as well.
Added a little water to the wood shavings and bird droppings to form a moist mixture.
Spread the mixture over the nursery path or seed trough after you’re finished.
Make ridges out of the mixture and lay it down horizontally on the breastfeeding tray, about two centimeters apart.
Finish by spreading your newly acquired hybrid seeds out on this tray and then covering them with sand.
Do not wet lines where onions are left out in the tray in the morning and at night.’
As a result of onions’ preference for only a small amount of water, only the bottom of your line is required to be moist.
After ten days of doing this most onion seedlings are ready to be planted after 10–15 days.
Step 3: Start the planting process.
You can now begin moving your onions to the farm bed you created earlier in the day.
If you want to pick your onions while they are still green, you should plant the seedlings 1 cm deep and make sure they don’t touch each other in the bed.
Also you can use seedling trays for onions in Uganda it will cost you just shs 5,000 to buy for 50 onions.
To get the seedling trays for onions in Uganda, you can approach any agro stores that sell modern farm equipment closer to you.
Each plant should have at least 2 to 3 inches of space in between them, and rows should be no more than a foot apart if you plan on harvesting them when the plants are fully mature and dry.
Monitor the temperature during and after transplantation.
Month Of Onion Planting In Uganda
Despite the fact that onions can be planted year-round in Uganda, they are most usually planted between February and April in the north, between April and July in the center, and between July and October in the south. In other words, they can be planted whenever you choose.
The Basics Of Onion Care
Keep the temperature in your nursery between 20 and 25 degrees Celsius to get the most out of it. Expect a temperature range of 15 to 30 degrees Celsius after transplantation.
Higher temperatures promote curing and bulbing.
It is advisable to use dry sand that does not become waterlogged over time as the ideal soil for onions.
In the bulbing phase of onion growth, ensure that the farm has enough water to sustain itself.
Your onion farm should not be swamped or inundated.
Fresh poultry droppings should not be added to the farm bed in order to prevent the onion bulb from growing a thick neck and an abundance of leaves.
Hand-weeding or insecticides can be used to keep the bed weed-free.
In addition to helping to improve soil fertility, mulching also keeps weeds from gaining access to light through the ground.
Spray your farm with fungicides to keep away common onion diseases like Fusarium and Sclerotium.
How Much Does It Cost To Plant An Acre Of Onions In Uganda?
To plant an acre of onions in Uganda, it will cost you an average of sh8m.
Can Red Pinoy Onions Do Well In Warm Parts Of Uganda?
Yes! Red Pinoy Onions can survive in a wide temperature range and can even withstand freezing. The temperatures between 55- and 75 degrees Fahrenheit are ideal for the growth of leaves, roots, and bulbs.
Temperatures between 20 and 25 degrees Celsius (68- and 77 degrees Fahrenheit) are ideal for expanding onion leaves. After bulbing has started, onions can withstand temperatures of up to about 100 degrees F with no trouble.
How Much Is A Sack Of Onions In Uganda?
A sack of onions costs about sh3,500 in Uganda.
How Many Onions Can 1 Acre Produce In Uganda?
You should harvest about 12 quintals of onion on an acre of land in Uganda.
How Long Do Onions Take To Grow In Uganda?
It takes approximately 90 to 120days for an onion to reach maturity and be ready for harvest in Uganda.
Is Onion Growing Profitable In Uganda?
Yes, onion farming is a lucrative business to venture into in Uganda today.
Types And Varieties Of Onions In Uganda
Following are the different types of onions specie in Uganda;
- Jambar F1
- Bombay red
- Red passionF1
- Red Pinoy
How To Harvest Onions In Uganda
It takes around four months for onions to mature. The weather should be dry for the final three weeks before harvest.
Onions should be harvested when the tops turn brown or yellow and fall over; at this point, the plant should have around 13 leaves.
Early in the morning on a dry, sunny day remove the onion bulbs and shake off any excess soil.
Dry the onions for at least two days in the sun to cure them. After that, move your onions to a warm, dry, and well-ventilated area where they can dry and cure entirely.
The best time to begin your nursery bed is during the dry season in your planting area. In order to be able to harvest at the end of December, go back in time by 4 and 12 months.
Your onions can be stored for longer if they are handled correctly when they are harvested.
So far, we have taken you on a tour guide on how you can start an onion farming business in Uganda, how to start, what to start with, and other information you need to get going. If there are other areas you need clarity with, you may drop a comment in the comment section below.