Guide On how to plant pepper in Ghana

[Beginners Guide] How To Start Hot Pepper Farming In Ghana

A farmer’s best bet for making money is to grow pepper, although it is one of Ghana’s least popular farming options. Agriculture, crude oil, and a little amount of gold are the primary sources of income for Ghana and Africa as a whole.

Commercial pepper production by Ghanaian farmers has never been able to meet the country’s daily pepper consumption needs.

Because the demand for pepper is constantly there, a farmer who plans to grow a huge amount of pepper is not going to miss out.

There are no cuisines you want to cook that don’t require some kind of pepper due to the fact that people give birth and come to the country on a regular basis. Farmers who plan to grow peppers should be encouraged by these single facts.

So, what do you need to get started with pepper cultivation? You only need a decent farm site, good soil, access to water or irrigation, quality pepper plants, pest and disease monitoring, and money to get started.

For those of you who are interested in learning how to grow peppers in Ghana and Africa, here is a step-by-step guide:

How To Start Cultivating Pepper In Ghana Step By Step Guide

how to cultivate pepper
how to cultivate pepper

It’s easy to get started pepper planting in Ghana by following the steps outlined below.

Step 1: Invest in farmland and begin preparing it for use.

The first step is to buy or lease farmland if you don’t already own farmland, in order to save money. There is a huge benefit to greenhouse technology in pepper production, although some combination techniques yield outcomes that are comparable to greenhouse technology.

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Farmland should be plowed

To begin prepping your field, follow these simple steps: first remove grasses and large trees from the farms, make sure you burn the cleared brush, and remove any obstacles you may encounter.

Start preparing the transplanting bed or ridges.

The term “bed” may be confusing to a beginning farmer. It simply means to elevate soil in a heap, usually in the shape of a bed.

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Seed to seedling care and seedling growth are both possible with this bed. After you’ve laid the groundwork, you’ll need ridges in your farmland to plant the pepper seed in its ultimate location. You can leave a comment in the comment box if you have any further questions about this.

Step 2: Buy quality pepper seed or seedling

How to plant pepper seed
How to plant pepper seed

It’s critical for any farmer to evaluate the type and specie of seed they intend to plant when performing their farming chores. For pepper production, you must select and purchase the correct species of pepper from a nearby agro store that sells high-quality agricultural items.

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Drop a comment in the comments below and we’ll propose a store in Ghana where you can buy quality pepper seedlings or any other kind of seedling.

Legon 18, a green chili cultivar, is the most popular in Ghana. These include Scotch bonnets and Bird’s eye peppers, among others. This year’s fresh chili output of roughly 140,000 metric tons is less than half what was produced in the early to mid-90s.

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The local climate and the incidence of disease and pests in the area influence seed selection. In terms of yield and disease resistance, Hybrid Pepper Seed is the best choice. An acre of peppers can be obtained using high-quality seed and sound farming practices.

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Step 3: Grow The Seed In The Nursery

If you acquire pepper seed rather than a seedling, you should get started on the nursery as soon as possible. Afterward, how do you begin caring for the pepper seed? Take a piece of farmland that is about 100cm by 100cm and 70cm wide between the rows.

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Get rid of any bugs or diseases that can affect the plant later on by spraying the nursery. You can prevent evaporation by watering the soil and covering it with netting or palm trees. Before seeding the bed, wait for 8 to 10 days.

The soil should be soaked for at least a few hours before seeding in order to soften it. After 20 days of seed dispersal, thin the seedlings to 4 x 4cm spacing. If you want to protect your crops against extreme heat and heavy rain, you’ll need to give some type of cover for 45 days at a time.

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After this time has passed, it is appropriate to remove the shade. Seedlings should not be overwatered during the cooler hours of the day.

Step 4: Start Transplanting

The next step is to begin transferring your pepper seeds onto the bed you prepared in step one when you have finished nursing.

In order to ensure their survival and ease of removal from the seedbed, hydrate the seedlings one day before transplanting. Make sure the seedlings are hardened before transplanting them. On farmland, the seedlings can maintain a distance of 50–60 cm between rows.

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Step 5: Carry out weeding and pest control measures

Keeping disease and pests at bay and maximizing productivity are the primary goals of applying fungicides and pesticides to your farms and nursery on a regular basis.

Weeding can be done three times prior to harvest.

Step 6: Start fertilizer application

In order to get the most out of your crops, you’ll need to use fertilizer. Apply NPK fertilizer two weeks after transplanting. The second time it should be applied is when the bloom is just starting to develop and develops its first set of leaves.

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Step 7: Start Harvesting

When it comes to peppers, there’s nothing better for customers than the ability to harvest multiple crops at the same time. However, harvesting may take up to three months depending on the variety of peppers. Chilies can live and bear fruit for up to two or three years. It has a high rate of return because of this. This could be your hidden gem.

Are Peppers Grown In Ghana?

Yes, pepper is grown in Ghana but the most common cultivated species is the chili pepper.

Can Black Pepper Grow In Ghana?

Yes, black pepper can grow in Ghana based on recent research published in one Ghanaian journal.

How Much Is A Bag Of Green Pepper In Ghana?

A per kilo of pepper in Ghana is sold for 13.33 cedis.

Is Green Pepper Farming Profitable In Ghana?

Yes, farming green pepper in Ghana is one of the most lucrative businesses you can start up with.

What Is The Average Yield Of Hot Pepper Per Acre In Ghana?

The yield of hot pepper in Ghana is put at 8.30 Mt/ha.

Pepper Farming Pdf Guide In Ghana

Here is the download link to the pepper production guide in Ghana pepper production in ghana pdf.


As a farmer, you can establish a profitable pepper-growing business that takes little time, is simple to set up, and is easy to keep track of.

When it comes to starting a pepper farm in Ghana, you need a decent farm site, high-quality soil, water or irrigation, the ability to cultivate a variety of peppers, as well as the ability to monitor pests and illnesses.

If you have any further questions or concerns, please feel free to leave a remark down below.

Author: Adewebs

David is a seasoned farmer with over 8years experience on the field and teaching. He has about 20 acres of Palm farm, 10acres of livestock farm where he spent most of his time tending and caring for his farm. He offer profffesional services and consultancy services to clients who are interested in venturing into farming.

11 Replies to “[Beginners Guide] How To Start Hot Pepper Farming In Ghana

    1. You can start your Nursery, preparing the land for planting towards September.

      If you planned using artificial irrigation, you can start planting in August

  1. Hi, good day to you.
    I am Samuel from Ghana and owner of JECOLAS FARMS ENTERPRISE.
    Need to purchase some pepper seedlings for starting my 2acre farming in the Bring East Region of Ghana Where can I buy from.
    How many seedlings can occupy a two acre farm? That is for hot chili peppers. Good to start now?

    1. Thanks for reading

      Call +233 24 360 1456 Emfed Farms Agro Input Shop, 30 Kumasi – Yamoransa Rd, Foso, Ghana.

      You can buy 3-4 sachets of 10kg.
      You can get through to us via our official email address [email protected]
      Also You can connect with us on Facebook by searching for and liking and following our page

    1. Thank you, you may make use of Cypergreen, it is effective against diseases and you can practice good hygiene on your farm to avoid disease breakouts.

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