How To Start Tomatoes Farming In Zambia [Beginners To Pro Guide]

How to Grow Tomatoes in Zambia- Tomato farming is a simple process, anyone can do it, whether in their backyard or in commercial quantities. Tomato cultivation is far more rewarding than you could have imagined.

To start growing fresh tomatoes in Zambia using a perfect tomato planting system – the easiest way to get started is to get farmland, choose suitable tomato seedlings, prepare the nursery, seed transplanting, irrigation, pest and disease control, fertilizer application, and so on.

Ensure you read through this informative piece from beginning to end to get all the information you need on how to start tomato farming in Zambia.

How To Start Tomatoes Farming In Zambia [Beginners To Pro Guide]

If you intend to start tomato farming in Zambia, you can follow the simple steps and techniques, which can be learned and mastered with the practice detailed below.

Read Also: [Beginners Guide] How To Grow Beans In Zambia

Step 1: Get a Farmland

You must acquire farmland on which to plant your tomato seedlings. You can obtain large farmland where you can carry out both nursery and main planting.

Read Also: [Beginners Guide] How To Grow Onions In Zambia

It is best to choose a sunny farm site to plant your tomatoes because the warmer the soil, the faster the tomatoes grow. Tomatoes require at least 6 hours of sunlight per day. Tomatoes can grow in a variety of soil types, from light to heavy.

Read Also:  [Beginners Guide] How to Plant Onions in Dry Season in Kenya

Step 2: Select an Appropriate Tomato Variety

Choose tomato varieties that are fast-growing and disease-resistant. There are numerous tomato species available, but not all of them are suitable for the Zambian climate.

Read Also: [Beginners Guide] How To Start Ostrich Farming In Zambia

Step 3: Prepare the Nursery

For your nursery, we recommend that you make use of a seedling tray and or cocopeat.

On the other hand, if you prefer to use soil, apply pesticides 5 to 6 days before sowing. This reduces the activities of disease-causing organisms (i.e., nematodes, fungi, and bacteria) and insects. If necessary, weeing should be performed.

To harden the seedlings, water heavily the day before transplanting. It should germinate in 5 to 7 days. If the sun is too hot, cover the soil with dry grasses to prevent moisture loss and to keep birds from eating the tomato seeds.

Allow an additional month before transplanting.

Step 4: Prepare the Farmland

You must clear the farmland and prepare it for farming operations by removing unwanted plants and debris.

Till and level the soil to smooth out bumps and even out the farmland. The soil should not be soaked and should be well drained. The soil should be loosed to a depth of at least 20 cm. Finally, tomato seedlings must be transplanted.

Apply farmyard manure and fertilizers, and then wait about 20 days. Manure is required before transplanting to improve soil organic carbon content, microorganisms, porosity, texture and structure, soil pH, bulk density, and so on. Water the soil and keep it moist until the seedlings arrive.

Video Guide On Tomatoes Farming In Zambia

Step 5: Transplanting

Our recommended method is transplanting already sprouted plants to the prepared garden/farm. You can now transplant your seedlings after 35 to 40 days.

Open the soil with a small piece of wood, insert the seedling, and cover it with loose soil.

Keep the distance in mind when planting your tomato. Row-to-row spacing should be 45-60 cm, and plant-to-plant spacing should be 30-45 cm. Transplantation should take place in the evening.

To avoid dehydration and fatigue, tomato plants should be transplanted the same day they were uprooted from the nursery.

Step 6: Irrigation

Water supply is critical, especially during the dry season. The early fruiting stages are the most critical for adequate soil moisture. The best irrigation method is a sprinkler to avoid overflooding the farm.

Step 7: Weeding, Pest, and Disease Control

It’s time to weed when you notice unwanted plants growing alongside your tomato plants. If you have a large farm, you can weed it yourself or hire laborers to do it for you.

Also, apply pesticides to boost your plants’ immunity against pests and diseases.

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Step 8: Fertilizer Application

After weeding, apply fertilizer to help replenish the soil nutrients depleted by the weeds. Tomatoes require nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, potash, calcium, magnesium, and other trace minerals to grow successfully.

Step 9: Harvesting

After 100 days, most tomato varieties reach full maturity and are ready for harvest. However, some excellent tomato varieties mature in 50 to 60 days.

Tomatoes are typically harvested in batches; once the first batch is harvested, you will continue to harvest tomatoes from your farm until the plants die off (usually in the dry season).

The Complete Guide To Growing Tomatoes Pdf

The Complete Guide to Growing Tomatoes PDF is a comprehensive guide to everything you need to know about growing tomatoes. The material contains practical steps on how to choose, plant, and grow tomatoes on your farm.

Modern Tomato Farming Techniques

To practice modern tomato farming methods, follow the steps outlined below:

  1. Preparing the land for tomato farming
  2. Tomato Species Selection for Tomato Farming
  3. Plant Seedlings in a Nursery bed to be transferred to a proper tomato farming bed
  4. Transplanting
  5. Fertilizer application and consistent watering
  6. Weed control and mulching
  7. Harvesting

How To Grow Tomatoes In Zambia PDF

This is a PDF document on How To Grow Tomatoes in Zambia

Small-scale Tomato Farming

Small-scale tomato farming usually refers to farming majorly just for your consumption. Small-scale tomato farming is usually practiced at home using the backyard or planting trays and pots.

However, to grow your tomatoes, you’ll need to provide a lot of soil and some specific nutrients. The soil will be poured into the planting trays and pots, and manure and fertilizer added to enrich the soil.

Water the soil before planting. Also, the seed should be soaked in water a day before planting. The seed should be scattered on the nursery bed surface and placed in a sunny area to aid growth.

Greenhouse Tomato Farming

A greenhouse is a structure that allows for the growth of plants such as tomatoes within a controlled temperature and humidity environment, allowing for year-round production. Greenhouse tomatoes are typically large plants that are grown from seed to harvest in a year-round climate. Greenhouse tomato farming can be implemented in low temperatures.

Tomato Farming Profit

You can earn profits from tomato farming even if you have a small amount of capital. Tomato farming is both enjoyable and lucrative, allowing you to make a decent amount of money. However, the profitability will depend on the region of your country and market conditions.

Tengeru Tomato Spacing

Tengeru Tomato plants should be spaced between 24 and 36 inches apart. Planting tomato plants closer than 24 inches apart reduces air circulation and may result in disease.

How Long Does It Take To Grow Tomatoes In Zambia?

Tomatoes grow faster in Zambia during the hot season (August to October), with some maturing in 3-4 months rather than 5-6 months.

Read Also:  [Beginners Guide Pdf] How To Grow Onions In Kenya

What Is The Best Time To Grow Tomatoes In Zambia?

The best time to grow tomatoes in Zambia is during the dry season, from August to October, when irrigation yields the highest yields.

How Much Does It Cost To Grow Tomatoes In Zambia?

The cost to grow tomatoes in Zambia for a 100 x 100 m farmland is approximately K35, 300.

Which Is The Best Tomato Variety In Zambia?

The best tomato variety to grow in Zambia is the hybrid variety that has rich genes and has been treated against pests and diseases.

How Much Is A Crate Of Tomatoes In Zambia?

The cost of a crate of tomatoes that have been cleaned and ready for sale in Zambia is approximately K400.

What Is The Best Fertilizer For Tomatoes In Zambia?

The best fertilizer for tomatoes in Zambia are those that contain essential nutrients – N-P-K ratio fertilizer can be very beneficial to tomatoes.

Is Tomato Farming Profitable In Zambia?

Tomato farming in Zambia is highly profitable. The reason has been that there is an increasing market demand for tomatoes by consumers, and the tomatoes grow very fast making them ready for market sales almost every time.

How Many Boxes Of Tomatoes Are In A Hectare?

One hectare yields approximately 11000 boxes of tomatoes.

How Many Kg Does A Tomato Plant Produce?

A tomato plant that is supported by a stake delivers 3.6 kg of fruit on average for each plant.

How Many Tomato Plants Make a Hectare?

Normally, you will find about 11,000 to 18,000 plants per hectare, depending on the variety and field spacing.

How Many Kgs Is A Box Of Tomatoes?

A medium size box of tomatoes typically is 10kg.

How Many Tomatoes Make A Box?

The pieces of tomato that make a box depending on the size of the box and tomato fruit. However, the number of tomatoes in medium size boxes usually is between 35 to 50.

How Much Is The Price Of A Tomato?

In Zambia, a kilogram of packed and ready-to-sell tomatoes costs about USD 1.82.

How Much Is A Sack Of Potatoes In Zambia?

In Zambia, a sack of potatoes costs approximately ZMW 15839.44 per kg.

Is Tomato Farming Profitable in Zambia?

Tomato farming is profitable in Zambia. You can earn profits from tomato farming even if you have a small amount of capital. Tomato farming is both enjoyable and lucrative, allowing you to make a decent amount of money. Although the returns are low for the first few years, this changes slowly over the years.  In addition to this, improvements in soil fertility can increase productivity significantly

How Many Boxes Of Tomatoes Make A Hectare?

A hectare of the tomato plant will produce around 10,000 to 11000 boxes of tomatoes.

What Is The Highest Yielding Tomato Plant?

The Stupice tomato variety is a prolific producer. The vigorous plant is considered to have the highest yield.

How Do You Succeed In Tomato Farming?

To be successful in tomato farming, you must grow your tomato plants in an area that receives as much direct sunlight as possible.

Tomatoes also grow best in slightly acidic soil, with optimal pH levels ranging between 6.2 and 6.8. Tomato plants cannot thrive in soil that is less than 6.0 pH. A healthy balance of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium is required for your tomato plants to produce a large number of healthy fruits.

Your plants will require a lot of water if you want big, juicy tomatoes! However, consistency is required for the best results. The skins of your tomatoes will split or develop blossom end rot if you are inconsistent with the timing and amount of watering.

How Many KGS is a Crate of tomatoes?

A crate of tomatoes has 20 kg.

How Many KGS is a Box of Tomatoes?

A crate of tomatoes has 10 to 12 kg.

How Many Tomatoes Are In A Crate?

The number of tomatoes in a crate is somewhat between 20 to 30 pieces.


Starting tomato farming can be a great way of supplementing income and financial stability.  Tomato plants are easy to grow, as long as you adhere to the information provided in this material.

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Author: Adewebs

David is a seasoned farmer with over 8years experience on the field and teaching. He has about 20 acres of Palm farm, 10acres of livestock farm where he spent most of his time tending and caring for his farm. He offer profffesional services and consultancy services to clients who are interested in venturing into farming.

2 Replies to “How To Start Tomatoes Farming In Zambia [Beginners To Pro Guide]”

  1. Excellent information.But we need what is the cost included for the final product including labr for the one hector of tomato production .

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