Guide on how to Start Bee Farming in Florida

How to Start a Bee Farm in Florida [Practical Guide]

Starting a bee farming business can be accomplished in a variety of ways, depending on where you live and how big you want to grow your operation. Before jumping into that aspect of the equation, though, here is some information that will help you how to start a bee farm in Florida.

A few steps to start a bee farm in Florida include developing your bee farm business plan, securing funding, securing a location for your business, registering your business farm with IRS, getting licenses and permit for bee farming, getting the right bee farming equipment, set up your beehive, and so on.

Learn how to start a bee farm in Florida. Whether you want to make money at home, or for personal consumption, bees are a great way for beginners and experts alike! It’s simple but requires careful planning, a lot of research, and organization.

How To Start A Bee Farm In Florida

Table of Contents

To start your farm in Florida, here are some vital pointers that you need to consider before you set out on your venture.

Step 1: Develop Your Bee Farm Business Plan

Creating a business plan is essential to launching your bee farm. Preparing a business plan takes time and patience, but the payoff is worth it and you can use it for many purposes, especially to source funding.

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Your bee farm business plan should forecast financial projections, competition, and land needs. This plan will focus on developing your farm’s current business model, the farm itself, and how to increase profit margins.

Step 2: Secure Startup Funding for Your Bee Farm (If Needed)

As an entrepreneur, funding is a critical component of your startup’s success. However, the process of securing funding for the farm can sometimes be confusing and time-consuming.

To source for funding, you can begin with personal savings, family and friends, credit card financing, bank loans, crowdfunding, and angel investors.

Make sure you always present your business plan to convince investors to invest in your bee farming business.

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Step 3: Secure a Location for Your Business

It is critical to locate a place for your bee farm that receives lots of sun exposure. The bees will require five to six hours of direct sunshine daily.

Bees must also spend time in the shade to survive. So, you’ll want to locate your bee farm near a good number of trees or tall plants.

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Bees drink water regularly. Therefore, the location should have access to a water source or should be an area that receives plenty of dew and rain throughout the day.

Bees create a lot of buzzing noises that attract attention. Avoid locating your bee farm in the center of a residential neighborhood. Before you setup, up your bee house, make sure the fencing is in place. If you live near a residential area, the bee farm should be fenced in and properly hidden from any prospective intruders.

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Step 4: Register Your Bee Farm with IRS

Register your bee farm with the IRS so that you will be issued an employer identification number. The EIN is often requested when you visit the bank to open a business account. Also, you will need the number to pay your tax.

Step 5: Get Licenses and Permit for Bee Farming

You need to investigate the qualifications and licensing requirements of your state government. In Florida, professional beekeepers are to register with the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (FDACS) to obtain at least a commercial license.

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Step 6: Get the Right Bee Farm Equipment

There is a couple of equipment that you will need to perform a daily task on your bee farm. These include your hives, hive tools, smoker, feeder, protective clothing, (such as a beekeeper suit), and a water source.

You can buy or lease this equipment depending on your resources

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Step 7: Setup your Bee Hive

It is time to set up your bee hive on the land where you have designated for this purpose.  Once you choose the place, you can decide what can be the best location to start your farm. There are several options for bee houses that you can build. These include:

  • Managed Apiaries: built precisely for honey production and are usually located near large populations of wild bees.
  • Backyard Apiaries: these are smaller beehives often built in the backyard to produce both honey and pollen.
  • You can choose to build a strawbale hive or a customized bee home.

For managed apiaries and backyard apiaries, you have to make use of hive components, which are typically wooden boxes used as bee houses. You can buy or build yours if you can.

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Step 8: Get or Purchase your Bees

There are different bee species available in the market. You can purchase from a local apiary or bee breeder. You can go for skep, top bar, Langstroth, or Warre varieties.

Alternatively, you can buy queens from other beekeepers and start your hive of smart bees for pollination.

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Also, you can get your bees if your bee farm is situated where there are existing bees. All you need is to get honey and place it in your bee hive to attract the bees.

Step 9: Stock your Bees

Now that everything is set, it is time to populate your beehive. If you purchase your bees, you should gently shake the bees from the package into the desired hive. Any bees remaining in the package should be placed on the ground in the beehive.

The queen should be stocked last by placing a corked cage on both sides. Remove one of the corks and place a candy between two center frames of the cage and place it in the hive.

The bees will feed on the hive and release the queen into the hive.  Make sure you put on protective clothes against bee stings.

Step 10: Bee Care and Management

You need to care for and manage your bees so that they can remain healthy to produce the quantity of honey that you need. Make sure you do the following.

Provide Food and Water

It is critical to feed the bees with enough food and water. Throughout the summer, bees require an abundance of water and honey. Providing these supplies is critical to the survival of a colony.

Monitor Health

Bees must be constantly monitored. The health of your bees can reveal a lot about their surroundings. As you continue to supply food and water to the bees, check the hives regularly and keep an eye on the Queen and other bees to be sure of their growth and activities.

Contact your local extension service right away if you see any difficulties, such as an exceptionally high rate of disease or death.

Step 11: Harvest Honey

When the honey is ready, the next step is to harvest it. To remove the honey from the hives, certain instruments such as a bee brush, an escape board or fume board, protective clothing, frames, and other items are required.

Make sure you wear protective clothing to protect yourself when harvesting honey to avoid being heavily stung.

Do I Need A License To Keep Bees In Florida?

Yes, you need a license to keep bees in Florida. It is stated on the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (FDACS) website that all in Florida who have honey bee colonies are required by law to register with FDACS.

How Do I Start Beekeeping In Florida?

The steps involved to start beekeeping in Florida include:

Step 1: Get Training

Step 2: Choosing a location

Step 3: Register you be a farm

Step 4: Acquire or lease beekeeping equipment

Step 5: Set up your bee hive

Step 6: Purchase and stock your bees

Step 7: Bee management

Step 8: Harvest honey

Can You Raise Bees In Florida?

You can raise bees in Florida. However, make sure you register your bee farm business because Florida has a mandatory registration law.

How Profitable Is Bee Farming?

Bee farming is a profitable business that you can venture into. Farmers get to make a lot of profits and it requires few resources to establish.

How Many Acres Do You Need For Beekeeping?

You can use as many acres as you want for beekeeping. However, you do not need an acre of land to start beekeeping, you can make use of a plot of land, and even a little space in your backyard will do.

How Much Land Is Required For Beekeeping?

There is no specific land requirement for beekeeping. However, to comfortably raise as many bees, as you want, 1 or 2 acres of land will suffice.

Do You Need A License To Sell Honey In Florida?

You need a license to sell honey in Florida. So, make your way to the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (FDACS) for more information.

Do You Need a License To Keep Bees?

Although beekeeping license requirements are not frequently required, this will depend on local laws in your area. Before you set up a new hive, we advise you to inquire with the relevant local authorities to learn what is required in your jurisdiction.

How Many Beehives Can I Have In My Backyard?

Generally speaking, having no more than three colonies on any lot of one-quarter acre or less is the best practice to adhere to when placing beehives in your backyard. If it is up to an acre, you can add additional 3 hives.

How Many Beehives Can You Have Per Acre?

You can have between 10 to 12 beehives per acre of land.

How Much Does A Beehive Cost With Bees?

A beehive with bees will cost you a minimum of $500 to $700 on average.

Can I Keep Bees In My Backyard In Florida?

It is legal to keep bees in your backyard in Florida, as long as it is a non-agricultural private land.

Is Bee Keeping A Tax Write-Off?

Beekeeping can qualify as a tax write-off depending on the size of the bee farm.

Is Beekeeping Considered Farming By The IRS?

Yes, beekeeping is considered farming by the IRS as stated in the IRS Publication 225, Farmer’s Tax Guide (2019).

How Far Away from The House Should A Beehive Be?

It is not advisable to locate your beehive in a residential area. If you have no other option, it is best to give a space of 20 to 30 feet from the settlement.

What Are the Requirements Of Beekeeping?

The requirements for beekeeping include

  • Hives
  • Hive tools
  • Smoker
  • Feeder
  • Protective clothing or beekeeper suit
  • Water source
  • Frames

What Is Required To Keep Bees?

Requirements to keep bees include:

  • Land to keep bees
  • Hive to house bees
  • Hive tools
  • Smoker
  • Feeder
  • Protective clothing
  • Water source
  • Frames

How Do I Start Beekeeping for Beginners?

To begin beekeeping as a beginner, you should follow the step below.

  1. Get Training or beekeeping education
  2. Find a suitable beehive location
  3. Purchase your honey bees.
  4. Select and purchase or construct hive type.
  5. Buy basic beekeeping equipment.
  6. Get protective clothing
  7. Set up your hive(s)
  8. Stock your bees
  9. Manage your bees
  10. Seek expert opinion
  11. Continue training

Do You Need Permission To Keep Bees?

While you need no permission to keep bees, it is important to control your bee movement so that it won’t disturb your neighbors

How Many Beehives Can I Have In My Backyard?

You can have as many bee hives as the size of your backyard contain. However, the ideal number shouldn’t be more than 5 beehives.

What Is Required To Keep Bees?

The requirement to keep bees include:

  1. Getting the necessary license and permit
  2. Acquiring the needed beekeeping equipment such as hive-to-house bees, hive tools, smoker, feeder, protective clothing or beekeeper suit, water source, and frames
  3. Land to keep bees

What Are The Requirements Of Beekeeping?

Requirements of beekeeping include beehives, hive tools, smokers, feeders, beekeeper suits, water sources, and frames, land to keep bees.

Beekeeping Laws Florida

In Florida, beekeepers who have honey bee colonies are required by law to register with the Department. Registered beekeepers will be assigned a unique firm number, which must be permanently marked on each hive body for identification purposes.

Florida Beekeeping Grants

The Florida Beekeeping Grants Program offers assistance to primary producers interested in beekeeping. Funds are made available through the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry (DPI) and are used for labor training, equipment purchase, and other startup costs related to beekeeping.

Backyard Beekeeping Florida

Backyard beekeeping is becoming more popular throughout Florida and the United States. Get started with the skills, tools, and protective gear you’ll need to keep bees in your backyard.

Also, in Florida, every backyard hive is required to have removable frames and undergo a five-year inspection by a state inspector.

How Many Bee Hives Per Acre In Florida

You can install between 12 to 15 beehives per acre in Florida.

Beekeeping In Central Florida

Growing your apiary to a sustainable size is possible, but it requires knowledge, hard work, and commitment. Beekeeping in central Florida is no different from the process used in other parts of the state and it can be a fun, exciting hobby that has never been easier. From hives to beekeeping supplies and equipment, Central Florida beekeeping supplies are top-notch and always dependable.

Commercial Beekeeping In Florida

Commercial Beekeeping is the most common beekeeping business in the state and a wonderful way to earn money in your spare time. Traveling is the only requirement for commercial beekeeping.

There is no official definition of commercial beekeeping and it comes in many different forms. The most common definition is that it’s any business that brings in more than $200,000 per year and keeps at least 50 hives.

How Many Bee Hives Per Acre For Ag Exemption Florida

If you have a minimum of six (6) colonies on an acre. It is considered to be a hobby and not a business venture. Therefore, it qualifies for Ag exemption in Florida.

Free Honey Bee Removal Florida

In Florida, you can get free honey bee removal services if you have a bee infestation, unwanted honeybees in your home or business, or a bee problem that affects public property.

You can look online or contact nearby Florida bee removal specialists for assistance. Residents of Florida can get free last-minute bee removal services from us.


Collecting honey from your bees is a personal and rewarding experience. But it can only be done with the proper equipment and knowledge. Get started with our guide on how to start a bee farm in Florida to successfully establish your bee farm today.

Author: David

David is a Kenyan farmer from the rural village of Nairobi. Growing up, he was surrounded by the beauty of the Kenyan countryside, which sparked his passion for farming. After completing his education, he decided to pursue a career in agriculture and has since dedicated his life to providing food for his local community. David is an experienced farmer and is experienced in a range of agricultural practices, including crop rotation, animal husbandry and soil management. He is passionate about promoting sustainable agriculture and is actively working to reduce food insecurity in his community.

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