How to Start a Bee Farm in Texas [Practical Guide] -
Guide on how to Start Bee Farming in Texas

How to Start a Bee Farm in Texas [Practical Guide]

Many people have been making money with beekeeping since long before it was popular. The honey they produce is an excellent way to add healthy fats, protein, and vitamins to your diet as well as help you get a good night’s sleep.

If you want to start your bee farm, you will have to prepare a bee farm business plan, a source for startup funding, secure a location, get licenses and permit for bee farming, acquire bee farm equipment, set up your beehive, get your bees, populate your beehive, bee care, and management, provide food and water, monitor health, and harvest honey.

This article on how to start a bee farm in Texas is to teach you the skills you need to start your bee farm and make money selling the honey that you harvest.

How To Start A Bee Farm In Texas

Bees can be a rewarding, productive addition to your homestead. Here are some tips for starting your bee farm.

Step 1: Prepare a Bee Farm Business Plan

A bee farm business plan is important, it can help you in allocating the investment, selecting the right resources, and helps in making informed decisions.

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The bee farm business plan will include a detailed breakdown of your financial goals and expectations. Plan on creating a thorough budget and take into consideration the initial investment costs you’ll need to cover.

Your business plan should also include all the different steps you will be taking to launch your bee farm. Your plan should include the following: your purpose, scope, and strategy, a list of resources needed to execute it, how much money you’re looking at investing, and the next steps.

Step 2: Source for Startup Funding

Funding should be among the first things you determine if you are going to start a bee farm because it is an important resource in your business. Because you will need funding to run and operate your business.

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You can look to get funding from crowdfunding, angel investors, bank loans, and funds from friends and family.

Step 3: Secure a Location

The location you choose should receive lots of sun exposure, minimum of 5 to 6 hours of direct sunshine daily. There should be shade as well preferably a good number of trees or tall plants.

Bees drink a lot of water daily. As a result, the placement should be near a water source or should be a region that receives a lot of dew and rain during the day.

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Importantly, because bees make a lot of buzzing noises that draw attention, you should avoid situating your bee farm in a residential area.

More so, the fencing should be in place before constructing your bee house. If you live near a residential area, make sure the bee farm is well-fenced in and hidden from any potential intruders.

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Step 4: Get Licenses and Permit for Bee Farming

The best way to start bee farming is to get a license and permission. This is important because most farmers are legally required to have a license to raise bees, keep livestock, or build housing for their animals. Without this license, you cannot pursue bee farming in Texas, and each permit has its requirement and fees.

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Step 5: Acquire Bee Farm Equipment

There is necessary equipment you need to acquire to foster your bee farming operation. So, as you plan on different things to acquire, you also need to purchase equipment such as

  • Hives
  • Hive tools
  • Smoker
  • Feeder
  • Protective clothing
  • Water source.

This equipment can be leased or bought depending on the resources at your disposal

Step 6: Setup your BeeHive

You need to build a hive on the site you’ve acquired and prepared. Beehives exist in a variety of sizes and shapes. Larger ones can accommodate more bees and are easier to handle.

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There is a need to build a beehive or bee house and there are different options depending on the size of the site and the resources you have. Below are the top three beehives you can build or buy.

  • Managed Apiaries: These structures are designed specifically for honey production and are typically positioned near huge populations of wild bees.
  • Backyard Apiaries: These are smaller beehives that are commonly built in the backyard to generate both honey and pollen.
  • Strawbale: This is a customized bee housing built out of hay or straw. They are for keeping bees warm during the winter season.

Step 7: Get your Bees

There are different varieties of bees available in the market. You can purchase bees for farming from local apiaries, online resources, or beekeepers in your neighborhood.

Also, you can catch a swarm if there are existing beehives around you or near your bee farm.

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Step 8: Populate your Beehive

The number of bees required to pollinate crops determines the size of the hive.

You can place natural undiluted honey in your beehive to lure a bee swarm into your bee farm. Alternatively, you can buy queens from other beekeepers and start your hive.

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If you purchase the bees in a pack, you should gently shake the package into the hive. Any remaining bee should be placed at the entrance of the hive and it will find its way. The queen will be gently welcomed into the swarms by other bees.

Step 9: Provide Food and Water

It is vital to provide enough food and water to the bees. Bees require a lot of water and honey throughout the heat. Providing these materials is vital to the survival of the bees.

Step 10: Monitor Health

Bees must be closely observed at all times. Your bees’ health discloses a lot about their surroundings and how well they are doing.

Check the hives regularly and keep an eye on the Queen and other bees to ensure their growth and activity especially when you go to feed the bees with food and water.

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Step 11: Harvest Honey

Gather the honey once they are ready. You should gather the honey using certain tools, such as a bee brush, an escape board or fume board, protective clothes, frames, and other materials, which are necessary to take the honey from the hives.

Wear protective clothing when picking honey to avoid being stung severely.

Do You Need A License To Be A Beekeeper In Texas?

A license is not required to be a beekeeper in Texas. However, you will need to get a permit to transport bees in and out of Texas.

How Profitable Is Bee Farming?

Bee farming is profitable and will guarantee you high profits. More so, you can establish a bee farm with few resources and make large profits.

How Many Acres Do You Need For Bee Exemption In Texas?

According to the state, 5 acres of land are required to qualify for Texas’ bee exemption.

How Many Acres Do You Need For Bees?

There is no standard acreage requirement for beekeeping and you can practice beekeeping on your preferred acreage.

Can You Get An Ag Exemption For Bees In Texas?

You can get an Ag exemption for bees in Texas as long as your bee farm is more than 5 acres.

How much land Do You Need For A Beehive?

There is no set amount of land needed for beekeeping. A typical beehive, however, measures about 22 inches by 16 inches.

How Many Beehives Do I Need To Make A Profit?

You need at least 300 or more beehives to make a profit.

What Do You Need To Start A Bee Farm?

The requirements to start a bee farm include:

  • Protective clothing
  • Hives
  • Hive tools
  • Smoker
  • Feeder
  • Water source
  • Frames


How Many Beehives Can You Have Per Acre?

Per acre of land, you can have 10 to 12 beehives.

How Many Beehives Can You Have On 5 Acres?

A 5-acre of land can comfortably house 40 to 50 beehives.

Are Bees Considered Livestock For Tax Purposes?

Honeybees are classed as livestock by the IRS. Also, it is considered to be livestock by the USDA. It qualifies for tax as long as you are making a profit.

How Long Does It Take To Get Ag Exemption In Texas?

Normally, it takes three to four weeks processing time to get an Ag exemption in Texas.

How Much Space Do You Need To Raise Bees?

At least five feet of space in every direction surrounding the hive is suggested for raising bees.

How Much Is A Honey Bee Hive Worth?

You should prepare to pay around $300 to $500 for a honey bee hive.

How Many Beekeepers Are In Texas?

There are over 80,000 beekeepers in Texas.

How Do I Become A Certified Beekeeper In Texas?

To become a certified beekeeper in Texas, you must

  1. Have been a working beekeeper for at least two years and have held the position of Apprentice Beekeeper for at least one year.
  2. Produce documentation proving they passed six computerized training courses on honey bees with a grade of 80% or better.
  3. Sat for a written exam with a score of at least 70%.
  4. Sat for a practical exam with a score of at least 70%.
  5. Complete five (5) public service credits and record their accomplishment using the given public service credit documentation form.

Can I Keep Bees In My Backyard In Texas?

You can keep bees in your backyard if you live in Texas. Since, Texas state law amendment went into effect on January 1, 2012, allowing qualifying landowners to keep bees on their property, subject to certain conditions.

How Much Do Beekeepers Make In Texas?

Beekeepers in Texas make roughly $40,300 on average each year.

What Is Needed To Be A Beekeeper?

You must have the following items to start beekeeping: a hive, bees, hive tools, a smoker, a bee suit, gloves, smokers, and feeders.

Beekeeping Laws In Texas

There are laws regulating beekeeping in Texas. you must know about these laws and abide by them so that your bee farm will not be shut down or heavily penalized.

You can click on this link to learn about beekeeping laws in Texas.

Grants For Beekeeping In Texas

Beekeepers of all sizes in Texas are eligible for grants if they are engaged in the business of raising bees. Bee honey producers in Texas are offered assistance via the Beekeeping Grants Program.

The Division of Plant Industry (DPI) of the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (DACS) administers funds that can be used for equipment purchases, worker training, and other beekeeping beginning expenditures.

Beekeeping Daily Tasks

  1. Feeding the bees.
  2. Set up additional empty hives in case some of the bee swarms need a new home.
  3. Honey harvesting
  4. Looking out for disease and pest

Beekeeping Classes Near Me

To easily locate beekeeping classes near you. Just search for “beekeeping classes near me” on google or any other search engine from your location and you will get results of numerous beekeeping classes within and around your location.

Honey Farms In Texas

There are numerous honey farms in Texas. Some of the major farms are”

  1. Walker Honey
  2. Sabine Creek Honey Farm
  3. Texas Honeybee Farm
  4. Kelley Honey Farms
  5. Stroope Honey Farms
  6. Hidden Honey Farm
  7. Coplin Bee Farms
  8. Moore Honey Farm
  9. Honey Fabens Farms
  10. Bee Wilde Bee & Honey Farm

How To Start Beekeeping

To start beekeeping, follow the process below.

Step 1: Choosing a location

Step 2: Register you be farm

Step 3: Acquire or lease beekeeping equipment

Step 4: Set up your beehive

Step 5: Purchase and stock your bees

Step 6: Bee care

Step 7: Harvest honey

How Much To Lease Bees In Texas

You can lease bees to farm on your property. The cost of leasing bees depends on the owner and the number of bees you want to lease.

Bee School Texas

There are several Bee schools in Texas teaching interested persons who want to venture into beekeeping either for leisure or commercial purpose. You can locate the one nearest you and enroll today.


Bee farming can be tasking at the start, however, with consistency, you will get it right and begin to harvest your honey in no time. The venture is rewarding, and it guarantees you profits making up for what you invested in the business. Take your time to read through this informative piece and let us know how helpful it is to you.

Author: David

David is a Kenyan farmer from the rural village of Nairobi. Growing up, he was surrounded by the beauty of the Kenyan countryside, which sparked his passion for farming. After completing his education, he decided to pursue a career in agriculture and has since dedicated his life to providing food for his local community. David is an experienced farmer and is experienced in a range of agricultural practices, including crop rotation, animal husbandry and soil management. He is passionate about promoting sustainable agriculture and is actively working to reduce food insecurity in his community.

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