Farming is an important economic event in Egypt. The Egyptian government invests heavily in agriculture to meet local demands and increase exportation.
Farming activities are divided into two they are plant and animal farming. Both are practiced in Egypt, and the business is a lucrative enterprise in the country. Many individuals have continued to show interest in the profession.
Suppose you want to begin a farming business in Egypt, in that case, you have to identify your area of interest, acquire skills if needed, and then follow the guideline on starting farming in Egypt, just as discussed below.
How to Start Farming in Egypt Step By Step Guide
Before we begin our discussion correctly, we must first identify the two farming areas. They are:
This type of farming, also known as livestock farming, refers to rearing animals such as chickens, ducks, goats, sheep, cattle, pigs, snails, etc., for meat, fiber, milk, or other products.
This type of farming, also known as crop farming, refers to cultivating plant breeds for food and product manufacturing.
This involves planting seeds in suitable soils so that the plants germinate and yield, which are later harvested when the plant is matured.
How to Start Plant Farming?
If you are interested in going into plant farming, below is a comprehensive guideline to guide you from beginning to end.
Step 1: Identify your Area of Interest
Plant farming has different areas because there are other species of plants that you can farm in Egypt. You must research to identify the location of plant farming that interests you.
Step 2: Get a Farmland
You will need to acquire farmland because almost all the crop farming activities occur on the farmland.
The size of land you will be suitable for your farming purpose depends on the plant farming you want to venture into.
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Before selecting farmland, you must consider the climate condition, soil property, and land texture suitable to the type of plant you want to farm.
Also, depending on the type of farming you want to venture into, you can either buy or rent farmland depending on which that suit your budget.
Step 3: Prepare the Farmland
Having acquired the farmland for your farming activities, you have to begin to prepare the land. A lot of activities and resources go into farmland preparation. They are:
Clear the Farmland
The farmland needs to be cleared to be prepared for farming. You need to remove debris; unwanted plants, be it grass, shrubs, and trees. Farmland clearing can be done manually using cutlass and other farm tools; however, this process can take a long.
For effective farmland clearing, use mechanical equipment such as excavators, bulldozers, skid steer loaders, tractors & backhoes.
Dispose of the Wastes
To dispose of the dirt and debris from trees, plants, and shrubs that have been cut down on the farm, you can burn them or pack them to be thrown away. This will make your farmland neat and rid of unwanted particles and plants.
Plough the Farmland
You have to plow the land to make it fit for farming. This process is essential because it will help the loosen and mix the soil and remove any strong roots that will affect crop planting.
It would help if you harrowed the land so the soil surface could be smooth. This will allow easy absorption of water and nutrient into the soil.
Level the Farmland
Farmland leveling is a necessary task. Leveling the land will help the soil surface by removing bumps and covering deep holes that can affect the distribution of water and nutrient in the plants.
Water the Farmland
Plant watering is a continuous process throughout the plant germination stage. You might not need water during the rainy season. Still, during the dry season, you have to make irrigation systems that will supply water to the farmland so that both soil and plant can retain their moisture.
Spray the Farmland
Weeds are stubborn plants and grow fast as soon as there is a scent of water. That is why you need to spray the farmland before planting with herbicides to protect the land from the germination of weeds and insect/pest infestation.
Step 4: Make Farming Beds or Planting Holes
Farming beds or planting holes are where your plant seeds will be produced. Farm beds can be made using simple farm tools such as hoes, bolo, crowbar, pick mattock, grub hoe, etc.
If your farm site is large-scale for commercial purposes, you will need to use farm machines such as bed shapers with shaping disks, bulldozers, etc., to make farm beds or planting holes.
Step 5: Purchase Seedling
To buy quality seedlings, you have to visit an established farmer, horticulturist, and or ministry of agriculture to purchase your plant seeds or sprouted plants for transplant.
Step 6: Seed Planting
You can plant crops on the prepared heaps/farm beds or planting holes. There are different planting methods which are direct planting, transplanting or grafting.
Step 7: Mulch the Farm Beds or Planting Hole
When conserving plant and soil moisture, the best process is to use dry leaves or grass to cover the farm bed or pothole to protect the plant from excessive sunlight and other impending danger.
Step 8: Weeding and Pest/Disease Control
Weeding can be done using simple farm tools like hoes to uproot weeds that compete for space and nutrients with the ideal plants. Also, chemicals can be mainly used in large-scale commercial farming.
Also, through the spray of pesticides, pests and insects can be controlled and kept at bay from infesting the farm to avoid plants being diseased.
Step 9: Fertilizer Application
If you want your plants to grow well, apply fertilizer. Different fertilizers are manufactured for various plants, and the application measurement differs.
Step 10: Harvest
Once your plants mature and the fruits or seeds are ripened, you can begin to harvest. The method of harvest differs for several plants.
How to Start Animal Farming?
If you are interested in venturing into animal farming rather than plant husbandry, follow the steps below.
Step 1: Identify your Area of Interest
There are different animal husbandry that can be practiced. You have to identify your area of interest and specialize yourself.
While some are interested in venturing into poultry farming, in Egypt, fishing, livestock rearing, and poultry farming are the bestselling animal farming.
Step 2: Get a Farm Site
Firstly, you need to get land where you can practice animal farming. The farm site and size depend on the animal farming you want to venture into.
Step 3: Clean the Farm Site
You must tidy up the farm site and make it fit to accommodate the animals. Clear the farmland of debris, dirt and any other waste. This will foster animal hygiene when they are stocked on the farm.
Step 4: Prepare Animal House
Should there be a need, you must prepare an animal house by constructing pens where the animal will be housed. The pen can be concrete, wooden, or wired, depending on the type of animal that will be reared on the farm.
Step 5: Buy the Animal Breed
You will have to purchase the animal breed you are interested in on the farm. You can visit an established farm to purchase your animal breed or visit the ministry of agriculture for the same purpose.
Step 6: Acquire Animal Feed
You need to purchase animal feeds that your animals will eat. This will nourish them and give them the nutrients needed to grow and reproduce.
Step 7: Treat the Animals
To control the spread of pests and diseases, you must treat your animals. It is best to consult an experienced veterinarian for this purpose.
Step 8: Keep Animal House Clean
The animal house should be cleaned to avoid maintaining proper hygiene. Animal dung, leftover food and water, dirty containers, and the house should be cleaned often.
Is Egypt Good for Farming?
Egypt is a desert land with arid soil, which is unsuitable for farming. However, the country is suitable for agriculture through irrigation, mulching, compost making, and other advanced agricultural practices.
What was farming like in Egypt?
Farming in Egypt is a robust business, and it is one of the significant contributors to the nation’s GDP aside from crude oil product exportation. Egypt’s farmers have a plant-wide range of crops for consumption, including grains, vegetables and fruits.
What do they farm in Egypt?
Egypt’s everyday cultivated farm products are corn, rice, wheat, sorghum, and broad beans.
Is there farming in Egypt?
Yes, there is farming in Egypt. It is a significant economic activity in the country.
How was Farming Done in Ancient Egypt?
Ancient Egyptians are astute farmers, just as it is in modern times. They use simple farm tools like hoes, rakes, cutlasses, and flint-blade sickles; also, they design simple-advanced farm tools such as ploughs pulled by oxen to till the land.
Why was Farming important in Ancient Egypt?
Farming in Egypt was a noteworthy venture because the food they grow is meant to feed families in their communities.
How fertile is Egypt?
Only a few areas of Egypt’s land are fertile because a vast majority of the land is a desert area mainly because of a lack of forests, Greenland areas or pastures.
What Crops are grown in Egypt today?
Egypt is known to produce significant farm produce such as cotton, rice, clover and sugar cane. They also grow citrus fruits like oranges, tomatoes and potatoes.
What is Egypt Famous for Growing?
Egypt is known for growing rich cotton that is highly exported from the country to other nations.
What Animals do Farmers Raise in Egypt?
Crop farming is not the only farming activity in Egypt. They also practice animal husbandry, majorly animals such as Water buffalo, cattle, asses, goats, and sheep.
When did Egypt Start Farming?
Farming activities can be traced as far back as 5200 B.C. this means farming in Egypt began long before the rule of pharaohs. Back then, Egyptians grew wheat and barley. They also practiced animal husbandry during these eras, rearing animals such as pigs, goats, sheep and cattle.
What is the most Fertile Land in Egypt?
The Nile Delta region is the most fertile land in Egypt. It is considered one of the world’s most productive regions.
How much do Farmers make in Egypt?
The amount a farmer earns depends on the type of farming venture they practice. Typically, farmers in Egypt make around 2,720 EGPs per month. Some farmers reach as high as 4,290 EGP per month.
What are Egyptian Farmers Called?
Fellahs is the Egyptian name for farmers are called. The word in Arabic means ploughman.
What did Ancient Egyptian Farmers Wear?
Ancient Egyptian farmers wear Flax grown. The gown was woven into fine linen for clothing.
I hope you have learned something new about starting farming in Egypt. Farming is a lucrative venture in Egypt and a significant economic activity in the country. I hope you find this article helpful if you intend to become a farmer in Egypt.