[Beginners Guide] How To Start Ostrich Farming In Nigeria - Agrolearner.com
How To Start Ostrich Farming In Nigeria

[Beginners Guide] How To Start Ostrich Farming In Nigeria

In order to begin Ostrich farming in Nigeria, you will need finance, around 3 acres of land to house your birds, and the correct Ostrich species and Ostrich product to supply.

Ostrich according to record is one of the world’s largest birds and has been domesticated for its eggs, meat, skins, and other derivatives. We will be writing extensively about this subject shortly, take a seat and follow us as we give you a nitty-gritty guide on how to start an ostrich farming business in Nigeria.

How To Start Ostrich Farming In Nigeria Step By Step Guide

Following are what you need to put in place to start ostrich farming in Nigeria;

Step 1: Get Fund For The Business

Before you can start raising Ostrich, you’ll need money to pay for everything from food to building coops to treating your birds.

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In order to begin Ostrich farming, you must first obtain funding. Funds for this venture can be obtained in a variety of methods, including through personal savings, family members, or a loan from a bank.

Step 2: Get the right Training To Raise Ostrich

Ostriches are a unique breed of bird because of their physical attributes, structure, and other characteristics.

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With the proper training, you will be able to raise Ostriches without having to worry about their mortality or the risk of Ostriches injuring your farmworkers. You’ll soon learn about the most common diseases and other facts you need to know about them.

Step 3: Secure a farmland

In order to establish an ostrich farming business, you will need at least 3 acres of property, as ostriches are enormous birds that require a lot of room to grow and thrive in the environment you choose to keep them.

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Step 4: Raise Your Ostrich Pen

These birds do not necessitate a cage; all you need is a fence or barricade to keep them from escaping.

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There should be a safe place for them to sleep and hide in case of bad weather, so you’ll need to build a shelter. Before you begin building a home for your ostrich, bear these things in mind.

Barbed wire should not be used as a fence to protect the birds. Make courtship displays more private by dividing a pen into sections by putting up hedges. In addition, keep the sandbox clean for the birds to play in.

Step 5: Buying the Best Ostrich specie

Ostriches can be purchased from a local Ostrich farm after you’ve built your ostrich pen. In the following paragraphs, we’ll go through several Ostrich species and breeds so that you may choose the one that’s right for you.

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Where Do You Buy Better Ostrich Specie?

Following are the areas you can get your Ostrich supply in Nigeria.

  • Nigeria Ostrich Farm
  • Zakariya Farms Ltd

Step 6: Feeding Your Birds

To get the finest results and to make your birds look their best, make sure to feed and water them appropriately.

You’ll need a lot of water to keep up with the birds’ demands. It’s no secret that smaller animals like ostriches need less food than bigger ones.

What Does Ostrich Eat? ( Ostrich Food)

Ostrich feeds on plants and forages most time. Ostriches eat mostly plant stuff as their primary source of nutrition.

In the wild, ostriches eat 60 percent plant material, 15 percent fruit or legumes, 5 percent insects or small-sized animals, and 20 percent grains, salts, and stones.

You can deploy this food formulation to prepare your ostrich food here in Nigeria.

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Guide To Raise Ostrich Properly In Nigeria

Two to three years old is when ostriches become sexually mature, with hens maturing six months before the male counter parts.

The number of eggs produced increases year after year. Ostriches can only reproduce during specific times of the year, depending on the breed.

Unlike the Somali ostrich, the Maasai ostrich has only one breeding season per year. The birds have their own ways of getting together to mate. male counter parts usually fight for hens by hissing and making other noises.

If you’ve ever wondered what it takes to attract female chickens, this is your answer. When a hen is ready to be mated, she spreads her wings, moves her neck in circular motions, and kneels down.

The male mounts the hen from behind while she slouches on the ground.

Mating occurs on a daily basis, with the most common times being early in the morning and late at night.

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The male counter parts sets up a nest for the hens to lay their eggs in on the ground. It takes up to 90 days for eggs to be deposited on alternating days.

There should be one male  to three female (hen) mating pairs for optimal results. The hens’ egg production is halted when the males are removed from the brooding area to ensure proper timing.

How TO Handle the Ostrich Eggs

Ostriches lay their eggs in the nest. In a nest, the hens will deposit their fertilized eggs. The dominating female will be the first to give birth and the first to begin producing eggs.

Depending on the species, a hen can lay anywhere from 15 to 45 eggs in a season.

When it comes to eggs, the yolk of an ostrich egg is the largest single cell of an egg, even though it is smaller than any other egg. which have an average length and width of 15 cm (5.9 in) and a weight of 1.4-2 kg. The shells are glossy and cream in color, with little pits, etched into the surface of the thick shells.

Driving the birds to a safe distance while they are being harvested is a good precautionary step. This is done in order to avoid retaliation from the bird’s female counterpart. One person should distract the birds while the other retrieves the eggs, preferably with two people participating.

Hand gloves should be used by egg collectors to avoid contamination of the eggs, which could result in embryo death. Eggs that have been soiled should be cleaned using a moist, warm towel.

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Formalin and potassium permanganate should be sprayed on the eggs for 30 minutes.

You can keep eggs at 15 degrees Celsius in a refrigerator for up to ten days.

The top of the egg should be marked with a pencil, and then the eggs should be flipped twice a day so that the yolk remains in the center. Place the eggs at room temperature before starting the incubation process.

Incubation Guide For Ostrich Farmers

Incubation equipment is only as good as the facility it is housed in, and this is often the case. When it comes to successful incubation, there are no hard and fast rules that must be followed. These include:

Facilities should be able to maintain a temperature range of 15 to 20 degrees Celsius.

At least 20% of the time, fresh air should be exchanged outside.

The optimum level of humidity is 45 percent.

There should be as few persons entering the facility as feasible to keep traffic and employees to a minimum.

Cleaning and washing floors and walls on a regular basis is essential.

Portable fans or similar devices should be used to help circulate the air in the room.

Facts About Ostrich Birds In Nigeria

  1. To meet the rising global demand for ostrich meat and other things, Nigerians began establishing ostrich farms in 1989.
  2. Although the ostrich cannot fly, its long, muscular legs allow it to sprint at 70 kilometers per hour in a matter of seconds. For up to 30 minutes, it can keep at this pace.
  3. The huge toe of its foot contains a sharp claw that it uses for defense. The small head and long bare neck serve as additional defenses for the creature.
  4. While the female ostrich has grayish plumage, the male has black plumage with white plumes on his wings and tail.
  5. The ostrich can withstand harsh weather conditions and thrive in ASALs just as well as any other species.
  6. Open forests and range grasses are the most common habitats for these birds. It’s not uncommon for them to avoid dense foliage and plants.
  7. There are up to 45 eggs in an ostrich and each one weighs between 1.5 and 2 kg.
  8. At maturity, male ostriches grow to a height of 6-9 feet, while females reach a height of 5.5-6.5 feet.
  9. Typically, male and female ostriches are differentiated by their colors. Ostrich males are black, whereas ostrich females are tan. Maasai and Somali Ostrich specie are predominate in Nigeria, and they can be identified by the pink or blue hues on their skin.

Common Ostrich Diseases


Several types of avipoxvirus cause this, and mosquitoes are usually the ones who spread it. The virus can be found in chicken eggs that have started to develop, and histopathology can show typical cytoplasmic inclusions.

On the bird, it causes small blisters that turn into 5–10 mm brown, crusty spots on the eyelids, the corner of the beak, and other parts of the head.

Newcastle disease:

This is caused by a virus called a paramyxovirus, and it is very common in chickens. Different strains vary in how dangerous they are, so they are put into three groups: lentogenic (mild), mesogenic (moderately dangerous), and velogenic (very dangerous).

The number of birds that die can range from a few to more than 30%, and all age groups are at risk. But most of the time, only one flock or camp is affected.

Coronaviral enteritis:

Ostrich chicks have been reported to have died as a result of exposure to this infection. Many enterocytes’ apical cytoplasms included eosinophilic inclusions, and necrotic cells were observed throughout the distal small intestine’s crypts and villi.

Crimean-congo hemorrhagic fever:

This is a human disease, not one that affects ostriches, despite the fact that ostriches have tested positive for the virus. Ticks bites are the only way to spread this disease, which is endemic to the area. Hemorrhagic fever can be lethal in men, causing severe hemorrhaging.

Common Ostrich Breeds In Nigeria

Somali Ostrich (S. Camelus molybdophanes):

It’s a Blue Necked, but with fewer and more spaced-out quills. Laid roughly 30 fewer eggs in two seasons, March and August. They have a more compact body.

Maasai Ostrich (S.camelus massaicus):

It’s a Pink Necked, however, this one has more quills. One laying season might yield up to 40 eggs from this breed.

Southern Ostrich (S. Camelus australus):

Black-necked ostrich, as the name suggests. South Africa is the primary habitat for this species.

Black necked Ostrich (S. camelus camelus.):

They are smaller and more common in Europe and South Africa.

Arabian Ostrich (S.camelus syriacus)

How Do You Sell Ostrich From Your Farming in Nigeria

The rising demand for ostrich meat has resulted in a rise in prices. Among the countries where the birds have been sold are the United Arab Emirates, Pakistan, South Africa, and China.

Ostrich eggs sell for roughly Sh3,500 each because of their scarcity and size; each one weighs 1.3 kg. A one-month-old chick can be purchased for between #40,000 and #60,000.

Advantages of Ostrich Farming in Nigeria

  1. The global demand for ostrich meat and its products has grown, resulting in a steady source of income for producers.
  2. There are fewer fat and calorie and cholesterol calories in ostrich meat.
  3. You can use Ostrich oil to cure asthma and other chest diseases because it is created from the fat of ostrich.
  4. Using the feathers of a bird, you may produce apparel, home decor, and even cushions, duvets, and chairs.
  5. Investing in ostriches pays well for farmers in the form of a better and quicker return.
  6. A way to bring in money is through the tourism industry.

Disadvantages of Ostrich Farming In Nigeria

When harvesting Ostrich eggs, Ostrich can cause great harm if not properly distracted. Not only that, if the fence to your ostrich farm is not properly taken care of, it may break loose and cause havoc to residents close to your farm.

How much does ostrich cost in Nigeria?

An ostrich costs an average of #400,000 to #600,000 in Nigeria.

Is ostrich farming profitable in Nigeria?

Yes, the Ostrich business is very lucrative and profitable in Nigeria with a low capital startup.

How much does an ostrich egg cost in Nigeria?

To buy an ostrich egg in Nigeria, it cost about #8,000 to #10,000 per one.

How can I start ostrich farming in Nigeria?

In order to begin Ostrich farming in Nigeria, you will need finance, around 3 acres of land to house your birds, and the correct Ostrich species and Ostrich product to supply.

Where to buy ostriches in Ijebu Ode

You can buy Ostrich in the following markets in Ijebu Ode;

Aluta Market Ijagun



And other markets close to you.


Starting an ostrich farming business is a lucrative business anyone with the capital and information can start. We have discussed all you need to go about starting your own ostrich farm here in Nigeria.

Author: Adewebs

David is a seasoned farmer with over 8years experience on the field and teaching. He has about 20 acres of Palm farm, 10acres of livestock farm where he spent most of his time tending and caring for his farm. He offer profffesional services and consultancy services to clients who are interested in venturing into farming.

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