Beans farming in Kenya is a lucrative business you can start even from your backyard. Beans farming entails varieties of steps which we will be writing about in this content citing my personal experience as a farmer.
Before we move ahead, to start growing beans in Kenya all you do is, get suitable farmland, prepare the land for cultivation by clearing and burning the bushes, buy a hybrid specie of beans, start nursing, then finally plant and carry out weed and pest control on the farm.
Beans cultivation in Kenya is a lucrative business because beans are one of the plant sources of protein, beans are being consumed in large quantities and the demand for them is always high.
So, let us quickly give you a step-by-step guide on how to start planting beans in Kenya.
How To Grow Beans In Kenya Step By Step Guide
Beans are a versatile legume that can be prepared in a variety of ways, including boiled, fried, or baked. Beans are grown for a variety of reasons, not the least of which is their nutritional and financial worth. Now let’s talk about how to plant beans from start to finish.
Step 1: Get Farmland with quality soil
First thing you need to put in place as an aspiring farmer is to get your Farmland in place. There are a few things that come to play when selecting farmland to grow your beans. The following are factors to consider while selecting farmland for growing beans in Kenya;
Beans need a variety of soils that are well-drained, fertile, and rich in organic matter in order to thrive. Bean plants develop and mature more quickly in low-altitude areas, as well.
Beans need a consistent supply of rain, but the seasons should be carefully chosen to avoid too much rain during the blossoming period. Beans need a moderate temperature to grow properly, and frost must be avoided.
Step 2: Prepare The farmland
The seeds of bean plants are sown in soil that has been plowed and cleared of weeds and hardpans. And to do this, you need to start by clearing the farmland of the bushes and get rid of talk trees and shrubs that may impede seamless farming in your chosen location.
Step 3: Get Quality Beans Seed
To avoid low-quality crops, careful seed selection is essential. Avoid seeds that are wrinkly, infected, or damaged in any way.
It is usually recommended you get bean seeds from recognized agro stores that sell quality agro materials. If you need recommendations on the best store to buy agro products in Kenya, let us know via the comment section.
Varieties of Beans Seeds in Kenya
Following are the commonly most propagates beans seed in Kenya and it’s the environment;
- Rose Coco
- Mwezi Moja
- Canadian W
- KK 15
Step 4: Planting
It is best to commence planting beans during the commencement of rainfall. As soon as your field has been properly harrowed, you should consider digging small holes in a uniform row, one to two inches deep, with a spacing of 30 to 15 cm between each hole.
Consider a spacing of 50cm between rows to make it easier to manage. Add farmyard or DAP fertilizer to each hole and plant one to two seeds per hole. Lightly cover with soil. Intercropping with a maize plantation requires the same care.
Step 5: Fertilizer application
Beans are one of the most low-maintenance plants, but you can keep up with conventional farming techniques to check and maximize your bean yield.
You can commence CAN or manure is applied to the soil in moderation to improve the soil’s quality. Beans can be harmed by either an abundance or scarcity of nutrients.
Step 6: Weeding and maintenance
This is the eradication of undesired plants from the region where your beans were cultivated. By inspecting for pests and illnesses on a regular basis, you can ensure that your beans are growing to their full potential.
Beans may be targeted by pests, necessitating the application of pest control measures.
If you follow these guidelines, your beans should be growing quickly and enthusiastically within a few weeks, and you may even notice flowers blooming.
Step 7: Beans Maturation And Harvesting
Depending on the bean type and environmental conditions, it can take anywhere from 80 to 120 days (2-4months) for your beans to turn yellow and be ready for harvest.
Beans reach complete maturity and are ready for harvest when their color turns yellow or brown, and the seeds begin to fall out of the pod.
You can now either harvest your beans while they are still green or dry them off before storing them.
It is common for the beans to be collected by uprooting the entire plant, drying it in the sun for a few days, and then breaking the pods so that the beans can be extracted. Feed or manure can be made from the pods later on.
Step 7: Beans Storage
As soon as pesticides have been applied, the beans are placed in bags and either stored for later use or transported directly to the market.
Step 8: Selling and Marketing the beans
Beans can now be sold after being stored in sacks following satisfactory harvesting. Small-scale traders can buy beans in kilograms or debes, depending on their needs.
In 90 days, an acre of beans can produce up to 20 bags of beans weighing 90 kilograms each, and a single bag can cost up to 6500 Kenyan shillings. To what extent cane cultivation in Kenya is profitable, then?
If you want to sell beans in Kenya, you can do so at schools, institutions, fast food restaurants (such as Burger King and Wendy’s), hotels, and open markets.
Beans Farming Guide In Kenya Pdf:
Here is a pdf document to further read on bean farming in Kenya. you can watch the below videos to aid your learning as well,
Beans Yield Per Acre Kenya
In Kenya, you can harvest at least 10 bags of beans in an acre. This means, that if you planted a hectare, you should expect at least 30 bags of beans.
Best Fertilizer For Beans In Kenya
The best fertilizer to use to improve your beans farm must have the least nitrogen but has other elements in normal ratio 5:10:10. So, the best fertilizer to apply to your beans farm based on my experience are compost manure either from your poultry or cattle ranch.
Rose Coco Beans Yield Per Acre
Ideally, you should harvest 10 bags of beans from an acre of Rose Coco beans varieties in Kenya.
Yellow Beans Farming In Kenya Pdf
Here is a complete guide to yellow beans farming guide in Kenya.
Climbing Beans Farming In Kenya
All you need do to start climbing beans farm in Kenya is get suitable farmland, prepare the land for cultivation by clearing and burning the bushes, buy a hybrid specie of beans, start nursing, then finally plant and carry out weed and pest control on the farm.
Yellow Beans Yield Per Acre In Kenya
Ideally, you should harvest 10 bags of beans from an acre of Yellow beans farm varieties in Kenya.
Rose coco Beans Farming In Kenya
All you need do to start a Rose coco beans farm in Kenya is get suitable farmland, prepare the land for cultivation by clearing and burning the bushes, buy a hybrid specie of beans, start nursing, then finally plant and carry out weed and pest control on the farm.
Beans Farming is one of the fastest-growing crop cultivation businesses that is least practiced by most farmers. You can venture into this type of farming and enjoy what beans farmers are enjoying today.
Let us know what you feel down below in the comment section.