How to Formulate Poultry Feed In Nigeria -
How to Formulate Poultry Feed In Nigeria

How to Formulate Poultry Feed In Nigeria

Formulating poultry feed in Nigeria is crucial for optimizing the nutrition and performance of your poultry flock. By following a systematic approach, you can create feed formulations that meet the specific nutritional requirements of your poultry while considering local ingredient availability and cost-effectiveness.

To formulate poultry feed in Nigeria, start by understanding the nutritional requirements of poultry based on their age, breed, and intended purpose. Combine locally available feed ingredients such as maize, soybean meal, wheat offal, and fishmeal in appropriate ratios to create a well-balanced feed that provides the necessary protein, energy, vitamins, and minerals for optimal poultry growth and production.

How to Formulate Poultry Feed in Nigeria

Formulating poultry feed is actually not as tedious as you may perceive it to be. It is important that you learn how to formulate your own poultry feed considering the skyrocketing cost of poultry feed in the country.

Also, you can formulate poultry feed to feed your birds or become a supplier to poultry farmers. Whichever you decide, we have compiled the step-by-step guide on how you can formulate poultry feed below.

Read Also: How To Formulate Poultry Feed In Ghana

Step 1: Determine Nutritional Requirements

To begin formulating poultry feed, you need to understand the specific nutritional needs of your poultry. Consider the type of poultry you’re raising (broilers, layers, etc.) and their growth stages.

Consult reliable sources or reach out to poultry nutrition experts to obtain recommended nutrient compositions for different poultry categories.

Step 2: Identify Available Feed Ingredients

Survey the local market in Nigeria to find the feed ingredients that are readily available. Common ingredients needed to formulate poultry feed in Nigeria include maize, soybean meal, wheat bran, fish meal, lime, bone meal, wheat, and soybeans, as well as nutritional additives like vitamins.

Read Also: [Beginners Guide] How To Formulate Pig Feed

Take into account factors like cost, accessibility, and nutritional value when selecting your ingredients.

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Step 3: Formulate the Feed

Using poultry feed formulation software or spreadsheets, calculate the proportions of each ingredient required to meet the desired nutrient specifications.

Adjust the formulation based on ingredient availability and cost, ensuring a proper balance of nutrients.

Aim for a formulation that provides optimal nutrition while considering affordability.

Step 4: Mix the Ingredients

When mixing the ingredients, take into account the type of poultry you want to feed, be it layer or broiler because the feed formula is different for both.

Read Also: [Beginners guide] How To Formulate Pig Feed in the US

Mixing Ingredients for Layers

Step 1: Measure the Ingredients into a Container

Start by gathering the necessary ingredients. Measure out 49 kg of whole maize meal, 19 kg of soya, 15 kg of wheat, 13 kg of fish meal, 14 kg of maize bran, and 5.9 kg of limestone powder.

Pour these ingredients into a large container, such as a bucket or barrel. This recipe yields 100 kg of chicken feed, so make sure the container is spacious enough to mix and store the feed.

Step 2: Mix the Ingredients Until They Are Thoroughly Combined

Using a sturdy shovel, vigorously stir the feed in the container. Ensure that all the ingredients are evenly dispersed throughout the mixture.

This thorough mixing guarantees that your chickens will receive the necessary nutrients from each ingredient when they are fed.

Read Also: [Beginners Guide] How to Formulate Pig Feed in UK

Step 3: Pay Attention to the Bottom of the Container

While mixing, make sure to pay special attention to the ingredients at the bottom of the container.

Ensure that they are well incorporated into the rest of the feed. Take a few extra minutes to ensure a uniform blend, particularly if you have prepared a large batch. Allocate around 2-3 minutes for mixing a large bucket.

Mixing Ingredients for Broilers

Step 1: Mix the Corn and Ground Soybeans

Take a large container, like a barrel or feed container. Measure out 110 kg of maize and 68 kg of ground soybeans.

Pour them into the container. Now, grab a mixing tool and mix the ingredients together until they are thoroughly combined.

Read Also: [Beginners Guide] How To Formulate Pig Feed In Uganda

Step 2: Stir in the Rolled Oats, Alfalfa Meal, and Fish or Bone Meal

Next, it’s time to add more ingredients to the mixture. Measure 11 kg of wheat, 11 kg of wheat bran, and 11 kg of fish or bone meal.

Sprinkle them into the container and stir them in with the cracked corn and soybeans. Make sure all the ingredients are evenly distributed throughout the container.

Step 3: Add the Aragonite and Poultry Nutri-Balancer

Now, it’s time for the final additions to the feed. Measure 4.5 kg of aragonite (calcium powder) and 6.8 kg of poultry nutri-balancer.

Pour them into the container and thoroughly mix them with the other ingredients. This step ensures that the powders are evenly distributed throughout the feed.

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The poultry nutri-balancer is essential as it provides the necessary nutrients for the chickens’ rapid growth.

Step 5: Feed your Poultry Birds

Follow appropriate feeding schedules and methods for your specific poultry category.

Monitor feed intake and ensure the formulated feed is distributed properly and accessible to the poultry.

Implement good feeding management practices to maximize the benefits of your formulated feed.

Step 6: Adjust and Fine-tune the Formula

Monitor the performance of your poultry flock, observing factors like growth rate, feed conversion ratio, and overall health.

Make adjustments to the feed formulation as needed to optimize feed efficiency and address any nutritional deficiencies or excesses.

Regularly evaluate the performance of your poultry to ensure the feed formula is delivering the desired results.

Step 7: Store the Remaining Feeds

Once you have formulated the poultry feed, it’s essential to store the remaining feed properly to maintain its quality and freshness.

Find a cool, dry, and well-ventilated location to store the feed. It should be protected from direct sunlight, moisture, pests, and rodents. A dedicated feed storage room, shed, or airtight containers can be used.

Ensure the storage area is clean and free from any debris or contaminants. Remove any old feed remnants or spillages that may attract pests or cause spoilage.

Transfer the remaining feed into durable, airtight containers or bins that can protect it from external elements. Consider using food-grade containers designed specifically for storing animal feeds.

Clearly label the containers with the type of feed, date of formulation, and any other relevant information. This will help you keep track of the feed’s freshness and avoid confusion.

Benefits of Formulating Poultry Feed in Nigeria

  1. Cost Savings: Formulating poultry feed allows you to source and blend ingredients based on their cost and availability, helping you achieve significant cost savings compared to purchasing pre-formulated feeds.
  2. Customization: By formulating your own poultry feed, you have control over the nutritional composition, ensuring that it meets the specific needs of your flock at different growth stages, resulting in improved health, growth, and productivity.
  3. Quality Assurance: Formulating feed gives you the ability to select high-quality ingredients and ensures that the feed is fresh and free from contaminants, enhancing the overall quality and safety of the feed provided to your poultry.
  4. Flexibility and Adaptability: You can adjust the feed formulation based on factors such as changes in ingredient availability, market prices, or specific requirements of your poultry flock, providing the flexibility to adapt to varying conditions.

Cost of Formulating Poultry Feed in Nigeria

The cost of formulating poultry feed in Nigeria can vary depending on several factors, including the cost of individual ingredients, availability, sourcing channels, and the scale of production.

However, formulating your own feed generally offers cost advantages over purchasing commercial feeds, as it allows you to optimize ingredient sourcing and reduce overall feed expenses.

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Projected Profit of Poultry Feed in Nigeria

The projected profit of poultry feed formulation in Nigeria depends on various factors, such as the scale of production, market demand, cost of inputs, and pricing strategy.

Conducting a thorough market analysis, cost analysis, and profit projection specific to your operation will provide a better estimate of the potential profitability of poultry feed formulation.

How much is Poultry Feed in Nigeria

The cost of poultry feed in Nigeria can vary depending on factors such as the type of feed (starter, grower, layer), brand, ingredient quality, and market dynamics.

It is advisable to research local feed suppliers, compare prices, and consider factors such as feed quality and nutritional value when making purchasing decisions.

Best Practices of Formulating Poultry Feed in Nigeria

  1. Seek Professional Advice: Consult poultry nutrition experts or veterinarians to understand the specific nutritional requirements of your poultry and obtain guidance on feed formulation.
  2. Source Quality Ingredients: Select high-quality ingredients from reputable suppliers to ensure the nutritional value and safety of the feed.
  3. Use Reliable Formulation Software: Utilize poultry feed formulation software or spreadsheets to accurately calculate ingredient proportions based on the desired nutrient composition.
  4. Regularly Test and Analyze Ingredients: Conduct periodic testing of feed ingredients to assess their nutritional profiles and ensure consistency in feed formulation.

Challenges of Formulating Poultry Feed in Nigeria

  1. Sourcing Quality Ingredients: Availability and consistent quality of ingredients can be a challenge, particularly in certain regions or during specific seasons. Identifying reliable suppliers and ensuring ingredient quality becomes crucial.
  2. Nutrient Variability: Natural variations in nutrient composition of raw ingredients can impact feed formulation accuracy. Regular ingredient analysis and adjustments are necessary to maintain nutritional consistency.
  3. Cost Fluctuations: Fluctuations in ingredient prices can affect the cost-effectiveness of feed formulation. Monitoring market trends and exploring alternative ingredient sources can help mitigate cost fluctuations.

Where to Sell Poultry Feed in Nigeria

There are various channels for selling poultry feed in Nigeria, including:

  1. Direct Sales to Farmers: Approach local poultry farmers, hatcheries, or large-scale poultry operations to offer your formulated feed directly.
  2. Feed Retailers and Distributors: Collaborate with established feed retailers and distributors who have a wide network of customers, including small-scale farmers.
  3. Agricultural Co-operatives: Connect with agricultural co-operatives and associations that support poultry farmers and offer your formulated feed as part of their product offerings.
  4. Online Platforms: Utilize online marketplaces or create your own website to reach a broader customer base and facilitate online sales.

Online Poultry Feed Formulation

Leveraging online resources can be beneficial in formulating poultry feed. Explore online platforms that provide access to poultry nutrition information, feed formulation software, and discussion forums where experienced farmers and experts share insights and tips.

Low-Cost Broiler Feed Formulation

Formulating low-cost broiler feed in Nigeria requires careful ingredient selection and optimization.

Focus on cost-effective ingredients without compromising on nutritional value. Consider incorporating locally available ingredients or by-products to reduce costs.

Formula for Poultry Feed Formulation

The specific formula for poultry feed formulation varies based on factors such as the type of poultry (layers, broilers, etc.), growth stage, and desired nutritional composition.

Utilize poultry feed formulation software or seek guidance from experts to develop a customized formula suitable for your flock’s needs.

Remember to regularly monitor and evaluate the performance of the formulated feed, make necessary adjustments, and consult with poultry nutrition experts for further guidance.

With proper formulation and management, you can provide your chickens with nutritious and cost-effective feed, contributing to their overall health and productivity.


By following these step-by-step instructions, poultry farmers in Nigeria can formulate customized poultry feed that meets the nutritional needs of their flocks. Proper feed formulation leads to improved performance, growth, and overall health of the poultry, thereby enhancing the success of poultry farming operations in Nigeria. Remember to seek guidance from local poultry nutrition experts or agricultural extension services for tailored advice and support throughout the formulation process.

Author: David

David is a Kenyan farmer from the rural village of Nairobi. Growing up, he was surrounded by the beauty of the Kenyan countryside, which sparked his passion for farming. After completing his education, he decided to pursue a career in agriculture and has since dedicated his life to providing food for his local community. David is an experienced farmer and is experienced in a range of agricultural practices, including crop rotation, animal husbandry and soil management. He is passionate about promoting sustainable agriculture and is actively working to reduce food insecurity in his community.

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