How To Start Fish Farming Business In Ghana (Tilapia and Catfish Guide)

Fish farming in Ghana is one of the fastest-growing sectors in the agriculture and farming sector. Catfish and Tilapia fish farming is one of the most common farms in Ghana.

To start fish farming in Ghana, you need secure a farm location, install fishery equipment, erect ponds, introduce your fingerlings and start feeding them.

So, follow us as we give you detailed information on how you can start a lucrative and profitable fish farming business in Ghana.

How to start a fish farming Business in Ghana (Tilapia and Catfish Guide)

How To Start Fish farming Business
How To Start Fish farming Business

With a high-profit margin, fish farming in Ghana is a popular agribusiness in the country. Fish accounts for around 60% of the animal protein consumed in Ghanaian diets. More than half of the fish available in Ghana is wild-caught, with the rest coming from imports, aquaculture, and aquaculture.

Fishery items are in short supply, so the government is supporting local fish farming to improve fish production in response to the strong demand for fish.

This gives a possibility for a business owner to profit from the country’s fish growing operation.

Step By Step Guide On How To Start Tilapia fish farming in Ghana Pdf

To start Tilapia fish farming, here is the step you need to start the business;

Step 1: Secure Farm location

The first thing you need to do is look for an area where you will site your fish farm. While searching for a farm location, consider nearness to quality water supply, consider access to the road network, and at the same time nearness to fish market.

Read Also: How To Start Poultry Business In Ghana [11 Step By Step Guide]

These factors will give you an insight into where is best suited for your farm.

Step 2: Decide the Fish culture you will integrate

A fish culture system must be chosen depending on where you live. Water, physical installations, feeds, labor, and fish are all components of a fish farming system.

Fish are the end product of each of these combinations (or other aquatic animals). As long as the value of inputs utilized during a given period is less than the value of fish produced, these combinations are appropriate.

Step 3: Erect your pond

The location of your fish farm determines the type of pond you should build. We will go over several different designs for fish ponds, all of which can be put to good use.

Read Also: How To Start Farming In Ghana Step By Step Guide

Types of Fish Ponds In Ghana

Earthen Pond

One of the more practical options for sites near rivers or swamps is an earthen pond. There are a variety of pond solutions available if your area isn’t swampy. Plastic, concrete, and even tarpaulin ponds can all be used, but tarpaulin is the least expensive.

Tarpaulin Pond

Tarpaulin ponds, as the name implies, are fish ponds constructed from tarpaulin. Aquaculture in tarpaulin ponds, unlike hydroponic farming, is not constrained by land availability.

Plastic Pond

For the construction of these ponds, a wide variety of plastic containers are often employed.

Concrete Pond

A concrete pond is one that has been built by piling concrete blocks on top of one another.

Step 4: Fumigate your pond

Before introducing fingerlings into your ponds, ensure you prevent the growth of bacteria and fungi in your ponds by adding anti fungi and anti-bacteria chemicals in the right proportion to your pond.

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Step 5: Install a Water supply and drainage system

As you know, the major component of any successful fish farmer is the availability of water. Ensure you install a water system on your fish farm.

Another thing is, that you need to devise a means of draining the water in your pond. This is important so as to avoid pathogens and diseases in your fish farm.

Step 6: Buy tilapia fingerlings

The next stage is bringing your fingerlings into your pond. Ensure you buy the quality breed of fingerlings; this is because your fish farm productivity is independent of the quality of breed you introduce in your ponds.

Read Also: How To Start A Goat Farming Business [Step By Step Guide]

Step 7: formulate a feeding plan

If you want your fish to grow well and faster, formulate a quality feeding plan, this will ensure your fish develops quickly, it will avoid competition in your ponds which will prevent your fish from eating themselves.

How to Start Catfish Farming In Ghana

Catfish farming is another species of fish that is majorly raised in Ghana, here is a step by step guide to starting catfish farming in Ghana;

Step 1: Site your fish farm

Before anything, you need to situate your fish farm in areas that are devoid of natural predators such as giant birds, snakes, and other predators that may harm your fish farm.

Step 2: Construct Fish Pond for your catfish business

The location of your fish farm determines the type of pond you should build. We will go over several different designs for fish ponds, all of which can be put to good use.

Types of Fish Ponds for Catfish In Ghana

Earthen Pond

One of the more practical options for sites near rivers or swamps is an earthen pond. There are a variety of pond solutions available if your area isn’t swampy. Plastic, concrete, and even tarpaulin ponds can all be used, but tarpaulin is the least expensive.

Tarpaulin Pond

Tarpaulin ponds, as the name implies, are fish ponds constructed from tarpaulin. Aquaculture in tarpaulin ponds, unlike hydroponic farming, is not constrained by land availability.

Plastic Pond

For the construction of these ponds, a wide variety of plastic containers are often employed.

Concrete Pond

A concrete pond is one that has been built by piling concrete blocks on top of one another.

Step 3: Detoxify and fumigate your ponds against fungi

The next thing you should do is to wipe your pond of impending dangers such as water salinity level, Acidity level, and more. You can do this by taking a sample of your water to a water agency that is closer to your vicinity.

Step 4: Buy Catfish fingerlings

Next thing is to buy the fingerlings and introduce them to the ponds you have prepared. Take caution against buying the wring breed, low breed. You can request the service of an expert to get the best quality catfish fingerlings that are good for your farm.

Step 5: Draw a feeding plan

Ensure you prepare a well-balanced diet itinerary for your fish farm. This will tell on the overall health of the fish, productivity and other factors you do not pay attention to that may affect your fish farm.

Step 6: Register with an expert Veterinary

Book a section with a vet to come to check on your farm once in a while. This will help identify potential diseases quickly, treat affected ponds, and other precautions to take to avoid losing your fish to diseases.

How much does it cost to start a fish farm In Ghana?

It will cost you around 400,000 to 1,000,000 Ghana Cedis to start a fish farm in Ghana

To start fish farming in Ghana, you need secure a farm location, install fishery equipment, erect ponds, introduce your fingerlings and start feeding them.

Is fish farming a profitable business in Ghana?

Yes, fish farming is one of the most lucrative farming businesses anyone can start in Ghana.

How much does it cost to construct a fish pond in Ghana?

To construct a standard fish pond in Ghana, you will have at least half a million Ghana Cedis.

Which fish is best for farming?

The best fish to farm in Ghana is Tilapia and catfish.

How to start a backyard fish farming business in Ghana

To start backyard fish farming business in Ghana, you need secure a farm location, install fishery equipment, erect ponds, introduce your fingerlings and start feeding them.

Conclusion

We have talked about how to start a profitable fish farming training in Ghana, we have given you both a catfish guide and the Tilapia fish guide.

If there is other information you need to know, kindly drop your comments via the comment section.

Author: Adewebs

David is a seasoned farmer with over 8years experience on the field and teaching. He has about 20 acres of Palm farm, 10acres of livestock farm where he spent most of his time tending and caring for his farm. He offer profffesional services and consultancy services to clients who are interested in venturing into farming.

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