[Beginners Guide] How To Start Goat Farming Business In Ghana - Agrolearner.com
How to start goat Farming business in Ghana

[Beginners Guide] How To Start Goat Farming Business In Ghana

A Goat farming business in Ghana and other sub-hub of Africa is one the oldest form of livestock farming. Raising goats for their meat, milk, skin, hides, and other derivatives of goat are lucrative businesses to start in Ghana.

How do you start a goat Farming business in Ghana? All you need is start-up money, a piece of farmland or spacious area in your backyard, a goat pen, and a drawing of good Feeding formula for your goat.

You may intend to raise goats in Ghana either to sell as a whole or for other purposes, but we have included all you need to know about the Goat Farming business in Ghana here in this guide.

How To Start A Goat Farming Business In Ghana [Beginners Guide] 

a goat farming business plan guide
a goat farming business plan guide

Following are the steps to follow to start a successful goat Farming business in Ghana;

Read Also: How To Start Pig Farming Business In Ghana [Beginners Guide]

Step 1: Raise a start-up capital

The first step is to secure startup financing. You’ll need money in order to start a goat farming business.

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As part of a goat farming business guide, it is vital to have the money to start your business.

No matter how much you want to start your own business, you will need funding to make it a reality.

Step 2: Get a good farmland

You’ll need a farm in order to start a goat farming business.

Having a place to house your goats and carry out all of the activities related to goat husbandry is a need.

In order to get started, you’ll need somewhere between one and 100 acres of land.

Read Also: How To Start Pig Farming Business In Ghana [Beginners Guide]

Step 3: Build a goat house

Next, you’ll need to design a place for your goat to live in.

We don’t see goats in the house on a regular basis. Building a shelter for them is the only way to secure their protection.

As a result, they’ll have a place to stay during the rainy and cold seasons.
Goats are well-known for their adaptability and ability to thrive in a variety of environments.

As long as it’s confined to a small pole barn, they’ll be more than content.

They don’t need to be kept apart from other animals. Maintaining a business facility’s current technological capabilities is essential.

Building a coop for your goats that is well-ventilated is critical to their health. They are unable to withstand cold or wet weather. Snow or rainwater should not be allowed to gather in a goat barn.

Good building insulation will benefit the health and well-being of your goat. There should be enough sunlight and fresh air in the residence.

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A decent drainage system will allow you to swiftly and easily clean your goat coop when the need arises.

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Step 4: Enroll in classes on goat farming.

It is possible to find a nearby goat-breeding school. Or do you know of a nearby goat farm where you could learn? If that is the case, get in touch with them and sign up for a goat-farming course.

This is a necessary stage for profitable goat-farming businesses. There are many ways to learn about goat care, including completing a course.

In this course, you’ll learn about common goat diseases, how to do a health check on a goat, the many types of goats, the space requirements for goats, and how to feed and care for them. As part of your studies, become well-versed in goat husbandry.

Step 5: Procure other goat farming tools

To complete your goat Farming step, you must purchase all of the necessary goat equipment.

Many farm tools and equipment are required for raising a goat.

You’ll need a water jug, a food bin, and medicine for your goats.

Make sure you have everything you need before you bring your goat home.

Step 6: You need to buy a goat breed of high quality.

Always buy disease-free and healthy goats. The productivity of goats is directly related to the health and well-being of their herd.

A knowledgeable goat breeder may be able to help you make an informed decision. Begin the process of starting your goat farm by purchasing a male goat and a herd of female goats.

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Step 7: Ensure You Fed Your Goats need properly

Goats should be fed only the best and most natural nutrients. Keep your goats healthy and disease-free by feeding them a diet of fresh food. Drinking water should be available at all times.

Step 8: Make sure your goats are well taken care of and well-fed.

In order to maintain the health and well-being of your goats, you must always be vigilant in your care and management. Doe in heat should spend a few days in the buck’s room.

You should keep them apart from each other until they are ready to mate. It takes a doe between 145 and 155 days to give birth.

When it comes to breeding, it’s very important to take extra special care of the males. Take care of their health by feeding them a meal rich in essential nutrients.

 Step 9: registered with a licensed veterinarian’s office

Your farm should be registered with a licensed veterinarian’s office as a last step in the process

Ensure that your goats are receiving the right care by registering your farm with a veterinarian and scheduling regular farm checkups with the clinic.

You don’t have to worry about your goats’ health because the veterinarians will provide you with all the information you require.

Goat Farming Business Guide:

How much investment do you need for goat farming?

To start a goat farming business in Ghana, you will need at least 80,000 to 100,000 Ghanaian Cedis.

How much is a goat worth in Ghana?

A goat costs anything from GH₵ 400 and above.


Starting a goat business is a lucrative venture you can try in Ghana, we have given you a step-by-step guide on how you can start and all you need to know to start.

If there is other information you will be needing, we will be updating this content regularly, you may drop your comment below to let us know what other information you will be needing.

Author: Adewebs

David is a seasoned farmer with over 8years experience on the field and teaching. He has about 20 acres of Palm farm, 10acres of livestock farm where he spent most of his time tending and caring for his farm. He offer profffesional services and consultancy services to clients who are interested in venturing into farming.

7 Replies to “[Beginners Guide] How To Start Goat Farming Business In Ghana

  1. Thank you for the insight. But my questions are in 3 forms
    1. Which breed of goat is advisable to start with when one is venturing into goat farming..

    2. What is the proper or adequate feed one can give his goats.

    3. Do you start counting from the day a goat gives birth to get or know exactly when the goat is on heat? The 21 days starts right from giving birth or?

    1. Thank you for your questions regarding starting a goat farming venture in Ghana. I’m glad you found the information insightful. Now, let’s address your queries one by one:

      When venturing into goat farming, it is advisable to start with breeds that are well-suited to the local climate, have good adaptability, and exhibit desirable traits for meat or milk production. In Ghana, some popular goat breeds for farming include the West African Dwarf (WAD) and the Saneen breed.
      The WAD goats are known for their resilience and adaptability to harsh environments, while the Saneen breed is renowned for its high milk production. It’s important to research and consult with local experts to determine the breed that aligns best with your specific farming goals and environmental conditions.

      Providing proper and adequate feed is crucial for the health and productivity of your goats. Goats are generally browsers and prefer a varied diet that includes grazing on grass, shrubs, and leaves. Additionally, they require a balanced diet consisting of roughage (such as hay or forage) and concentrates (grains or commercially formulated goat feed). It is essential to provide a constant supply of fresh water, as goats need to stay hydrated. Consult with local veterinary professionals or experienced goat farmers to get specific recommendations on feed and nutritional requirements based on the breed and age of your goats.

      When determining the heat cycle of a female goat (known as estrus or being “on heat”), the 21-day period does not start immediately after giving birth, it starts anywhere from 2 months or more after birth. The heat cycle refers to the period when a goat is receptive to mating.
      Typically, the estrus cycle in goats lasts around 21 days, but it may vary slightly among individuals. It is advisable to monitor the behavior and physical signs of your goats to identify when they are in heat. Common signs include restlessness, increased vocalization, tail wagging, and swelling of the vulva. Keeping accurate records of breeding and observing your goats’ behaviors can help you determine the best time for mating.

      I hope this helps clarify your questions. If you have any further inquiries or need additional guidance, feel free to ask. Good luck with your goat farming endeavor!

      1. Please, sir I am a young man in Ghana and I have always Loved to venture into 🐐 goat farming. Please, Sir I want to stay and work with experienced and experts so as to learn from them how I can start my farm. Thanks so much.

        1. Thank you for your response.

          To start your personal goat farm, you need to start making preparation for the pen where to keep your goat first, and this is dependent on number of goats you are ready to keep. Cost of production will also be dependent on your current location, are you staying in the Urban part of your city or the rural area, if you’re staying in the rural area, to source for feed will be easier compared to staying in the heart of the city.

          Nonetheless, the number of goats you’re planning to keep will be the major contributing factor to cost of starting.

  2. Please Sir thanks for the opportunity to learn more about Goat Farming.
    Please I will like to know the advantages of Free Range farming and Enclosed or Housed Goat farming methods. Also is it advisable to feed Goats on Wheat and Rice Bran. Thanks

    1. Thanks for your response.

      Definitely the two have it’s advantage but it is more advisable to make use of the enclosed or semi enclose. What do I mean by this, you can get like 1-2 plots of lands, camped around and let your goat play around in the area.

      This is best because you can monitor your goat feeding, you can protect them against predators, against theft and many more.

      Your goat may be protected from violent people around who maybe get angry when your goat destroy their items.

      So, it is best advise to keep Dem in your watch.

      Yes, rice Bran and wheat are good, goats eat anything good except for few others.

      So, let me know if this information help you.

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